City of York (UK Parliament constituency)


City of York (UK Parliament constituency)
City of York
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of City of York in North Yorkshire for the 2005 general election.
Outline map
Location of North Yorkshire within England.
County North Yorkshire
Major settlements York
1265 (1265)2010 (2010)
Number of members One
Replaced by York Central, York Outer

The City of York was a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Contents

Boundaries

This constituency covered most of the city of York, though the outer parts of the city and local authority area fell within the Selby, Vale of York and Ryedale constituencies.

History

By virtue of its importance York was regularly represented in Parliament from an early date: it had been required to send delegates to the assembly of 1265, but no actual returns survive until the end of the 13th century.

A borough constituency consisting of the city of York has been represented in every Parliament since the Model Parliament of 1295. Until 1918, it returned two MPs; since then it has returned one. Until 1997, when its official name became City of York with no boundary changes,[1] the constituency was usually simply called York.

Following their review of parliamentary representation in North Yorkshire, the Boundary Commission for England recommended the creation of two new seats for the City of York. Both the City of York and Vale of York seats were abolished in 2010 and replaced by two new constituencies, namely York Central and York Outer

Members of Parliament

1265-1660

  • 1386: Thomas Graa; Robert Savage [2]
  • 1388 (Feb): Thomas Holme; John Howden [2]
  • 1388 (Sep): John Ripon; John Howden [2]
  • 1390 (Jan):
  • 1390 (Nov):
  • 1391: William Selby; John Howden [2]
  • 1393: Thomas Graa; William Helmsley [2]
  • 1394: Thomas Graa; John __? [2]
  • 1395: Thomas Graa; William Selby [2]
  • 1397 (Jan): Thomas Graa; William Selby [2]
  • 1397 (Sep):
  • 1399: William Frost; John Bolton [2]
  • 1401:
  • 1402: Robert Talkan; Robert Ward [2]
  • 1404 (Jan):
  • 1404 (Oct):
  • 1406:
  • 1407: Robert Talkan; John Bolton [2]
  • 1410:
  • 1411:
  • 1413 (Feb):
  • 1413 (May):Thomas Santon; William Alne [2]
  • 1414 (Apr):
  • 1414 (Nov): Robert Holme; John Northby [2]
  • 1415: John Morton; Richard Russell [2]
  • 1416 (Mar): William Bowes; William Alne [2]
  • 1416 (Oct):
  • 1417: Thomas Santon; John Blackburn [2]
  • 1419: Thomas Gare; John Northby [2]
  • 1420: John Penrith; Henry Preston [2]
  • 1421 (May): William Bowes; John Morton [2]
  • 1421 (Dec): Thomas Gare; William Ormshead [2]
  • 1510: William Nelson; Brian Palmes [3]
  • 1512: William Nelson; Thomas Drawswerd [3]
  • 1515: William Nelson; William Wright [3]
  • 1523: Thomas Burton; John Norman [3]
  • 1529: Peter Jackson, died and replaced Jan 1533 by George Gale; George Lawson [3]
  • 1536: George Gale; Sir George Lawson [3]
  • 1539: John Hogeson; William Tancred [3]
  • 1542: John Hogeson; George Gale [3]
  • 1545: John North; Robert Hall [3]
  • 1547: Thomas Gargrave; William Holme [3]
  • 1553 (Mar): William Watson; William Holme [3]
  • 1553 (Oct): John North; Robert Hall [3]
  • 1554 (Apr): John Beane; Richard White [3]
  • 1554 (Nov): William Holme; William Coupland [3]
  • 1555: William Holme; Reginald Beseley [3]
  • 1558: William Holme; Robert Paycock [3]
  • 1558/1559: William Watson; Richard Goldthorpe[4]
  • 1562 (Dec): William Watson; Ralph Hall [4]
  • 1571 (Mar): Ralph Hall; Hugh Graves [4]
  • 1572 (Apr): Gregory Paycock, sick and replaced Feb 1581 by Robert Askewith; Hugh Graves [4]
  • 1584: William Robinson; Robert Brooke [4]
  • 1586 (Oct): William Hillard; Robert Brooke [4]
  • 1588 (Nov): Robert Askewith; William Robinson [4]
  • 1593: Andrew Trewe; James Birkby [4]
  • 1597 (Sep): James Birkby; Thomas Moseley [4]
  • 1601 (Oct): Sir John Bennet; Henry Hall [4]
  • 1604: Roger Askwith; Christopher Brooke
  • 1614: Sir Roger Askwith; Christopher Brooke
  • 1621: Sir Roger Askwith; Christopher Brooke
  • 1624: Sir Arthur Ingram; Christopher Brooke
  • 1625: Sir Arthur Ingram; Christopher Brooke
  • 1626: Sir Arthur Ingram; Christopher Brooke
  • 1628: Sir Arthur Ingram; Sir Thomas Savile replaced after petition by Thomas Hoyle
  • 1629–1640: No Parliaments Summoned

Short Parliament

  • 1640: Sir Edward Osborne, Bt
  • 1640: Sir Roger Jaques

Long Parliament

  • 1640-1653: Sir William Allanson (Parliamentarian)
  • 1640-1650: Thomas Hoyle (Parliamentarian) - died, January 1650

Barebones Parliament

  • 1653: Thomas St. Nicholas

First Protectorate Parliament

Second Protectorate Parliament

  • 1656: Sir Thomas Widdrington (Elected for more than one constituency, and did not sit for York in this Parliament)
  • 1656-1658: Alderman Geldart
  • 1656-1658: Thomas Dickinson

Third Protectorate Parliament

Long Parliament (restored)

  • 1659-1660: Sir William Allanson; Thomas Hoyle, died, one seat vacant.

1660-1918

Election First member[5] First party Second member[5] Second party
1660 Sir Thomas Widdrington Sir Metcalfe Robinson
1661 Colonel John Scott
1665 Sir Thomas Osborne
1673 Sir Henry Thompson [6]
1679 Whig Sir John Hewley Whig
1685 Sir John Reresby Tory Sir Metcalfe Robinson
1689 Viscount Dunblane Tory Edward Thompson
1690 Robert Waller Henry Thompson
1695 Edward Thompson Tobias Jenkins
1698 Sir William Robinson
January 1701 Edward Thompson
December 1701 Tobias Jenkins
1705 Robert Benson
1713 Robert Fairfax
1715 Tobias Jenkins
1722 Sir William Milner, Bt Edward Thompson
1734 Sir John Lister Kaye
1741 Godfrey Wentworth
1742 George Fox [7] Tory
1747 William Thornton
1754 Sir John Armytage
1758 William Thornton
1761 Sir George Armytage Robert Lane
1768 Charles Turner [8] Lord John Cavendish Whig
1783 The Viscount Galway Tory
1784 Richard Slater Milnes Tory
1790 Sir William Mordaunt Milner, Bt Whig
1802 Lawrence Dundas Whig
1807 Sir Mark Masterman-Sykes Tory
1811 Lawrence Dundas Whig
March 1820 Marmaduke Wyvill Whig
June 1820 Robert Chaloner Whig
1826 James Wilson Tory
1830 Hon. Thomas Dundas Whig Samuel Adlam Bayntun Tory
1832 Hon. Edward Petre Whig
1833 Hon. Thomas Dundas Whig
1835 Hon. John Dundas Whig John Henry Lowther Conservative
1841 Henry Galgacus Redhead Yorke Whig
1847 John George Smyth Conservative
1848 William Mordaunt Edward Milner Whig
1857 Joshua Proctor Brown Westhead Liberal
1865 George Leeman Liberal James Lowther Conservative
1868 Joshua Proctor Brown Westhead Liberal
1871 George Leeman Liberal
1880 Joseph Johnson Leeman Liberal Ralph Creyke Liberal
1883 Sir Frederick Milner, Bt Conservative
1885 Alfred Edward Pease Liberal Frank Lockwood Liberal
1892 John George Butcher Conservative
1898 Admiral Lord Charles Beresford Conservative
1900 George Denison Faber Conservative
1906 Hamar Greenwood Liberal
January 1910 Arnold Stephenson Rowntree Liberal John George Butcher Conservative
1918 Representation reduced to one member

1918–2010

Election Member[5] Party
1918 John George Butcher Conservative
1923 Sir John Marriott Conservative
1929 Frederick George Burgess Labour
1931 Roger Lumley Conservative
1937 Charles Ingram Courtenay Wood Conservative
1945 John Corlett Labour
1950 Sir Harry Hylton-Foster Conservative
1959 Charles Longbottom Conservative
1966 Alex Lyon Labour
1983 Conal Gregory Conservative
1992 Hugh Bayley Labour
2010 constituency abolished: see York Central and York Outer

Elections

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: City of York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hugh Bayley 21,836 46.9 −5.4
Conservative Clive Booth 11,364 24.4 +0.9
Liberal Democrat Andrew Waller 10,166 21.8 +4.0
Green Andy D'Agorne 2,113 4.5 +1.4
UKIP Richard Jackson 832 1.8 +0.6
Independent Ken Curran 121 0.3 N/A
Death, Dungeons and Taxes Party Damien Fleck 93 0.2 N/A
Independent Andrew Hinkles 72 0.2 N/A
Majority 10,472 22.5 −6.3
Turnout 46,597 61.7 +2.7
Labour hold Swing −3.2
General Election 2001: City of York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hugh Bayley 25,072 52.3 −7.7
Conservative Michael McIntyre 11,293 23.5 −1.2
Liberal Democrat Andrew Waller 8,519 17.8 +6.6
Green Bill Shaw 1,465 3.1 +1.5
Socialist Alliance Frank Ormston 674 1.4 +1.4
UKIP Richard Bate 576 1.2 +0.7
Monster Raving Loony G. Cambridge 381 0.8 +0.8
Majority 13,779 28.8
Turnout 47,980 59.0 −14.2
Labour hold Swing −3.2

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1992:York[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hugh Bayley 31,525 49.1 +7.7
Conservative Conal Gregory 25,183 39.2 -2.4
Liberal Democrat Mrs KJ Anderson 6,811 10.6 -5.3
Green SN Kenwright 594 0.9 -0.1
Natural Law Mrs PS Orr 54 0.1 +0.1
Majority 6,342 9.9 +9.6
Turnout 81.0 +2.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +5.1

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies", BBC/ITN/PA News/Sky, 1995, p. 268.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "History of Parliament". http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/constituencies/york. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "History of Parliament". http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/constituencies/york. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/constituencies/york. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  5. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "Y"
  6. ^ Thompson died in 1683, but no election had been held to fill the vacancy before a new Parliament was summoned in 1685
  7. ^ Changed his name to George Fox-Lane during the 1747-1754 Parliament
  8. ^ Created a baronet as Sir Charles Turner, May 1782
  9. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge92/ge92index.htm. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 

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