Bosom of Abraham


Bosom of Abraham

The phrase "Bosom of Abraham" refers to the place of comfort in sheol (Greek: "hades") where the Jews said the righteous dead awaited Judgment Day. The phrase "Bosom of Abraham" is found in ; ) or "the Bosom of Abraham" (; sqq.), and of the highest form of that reward as lying in "Abraham's Bosom".

Christian heaven

Among Christian writers, since the 1st century AD, "the Bosom of Abraham" has gradually ceased to designate a place of imperfect happiness, and it has generally become synonymous with Heaven itself.Fact|date=April 2008 Church fathers sometimes used the term to mean the limbo of the fathers, the abode of the righteous who died before Christ and who were not admitted to heaven until his resurrection. Sometimes they mean HeavenFact|date=February 2007, into which the just of the New Covenant are immediately introduced upon their demise. Tertullian, on the other hand, described the bosom of Abraham as that section of Hades in which the righteous dead await the day of the Lord. [Tertullian, " [http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/0310.htm A Treatise on the Soul] ", Chapter 7.]

When Christians pray that the angels may carry the soul of the departed to "Abraham's Bosom", non-Orthodox Christians might mean it as heaven; as it is taught in the West that those in the Limbo of the Fathers went to heaven after the Ascension of Jesus, and so Abraham himself is now in heaven. However, the understanding of both Eastern Orthodoxy and Oriental Orthodoxy preserves the Bosom of Abraham as distinct from heaven.

Related concepts

The belief that the souls of the dead go immediately to hell, heaven, or purgatory has largely replaced the original concept of the Bosom of Abraham. Historically, however, many religious traditions have described something similar.

The Book of Enoch describes Enoch's travels through the cosmos and divides Sheol into four sections: for the truly righteous, the good, the wicked awaiting judgment at the resurrection, and the wicked that will not even be resurrected.

In William Shakespeare's play "Henry V," after the death of Sir John Falstaff, Mistress Quickly asserts confidently that "He's in Arthur's bosom, if ever man went to Arthur's bosom." Quickly, an uneducated innkeeper, has presumably confused the Christian idea of Abraham's bosom with the legend of King Arthur. The belief of soul sleep holds that the dead (righteous and unrighteous) rest unconsciously while awaiting Judgment Day.

In Islam, the righteous dead are said to await Judgment Day resting blissfully in their graves, much like the righteous dead rest in the Bosom of Abraham. The unrighteous, meanwhile, wait in torment.

ee also

*Abraham's bosom
*Bosom of Abraham Trinity a subject in medieval English art
*Limbo

References

External links

* [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=362&letter=A Abraham's Bosom] in the Jewish Encyclopedia.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • bosom of Abraham — noun the place where the just enjoy the peace of heaven after death • Syn: ↑Abraham s bosom • Topics: ↑Luke, ↑Gospel of Luke, ↑Gospel According to Luke • Hypernyms: ↑Heaven …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bosom of Abraham Trinity — The Bosom of Abraham Trinity, also known as the Trinity with souls, is a rare iconography apparently unique to English medieval alabaster sculpture, of which only twelve examples are known to have survived, although there were undoubtedly many… …   Wikipedia

  • The Bosom of Abraham —     The Bosom of Abraham     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Bosom of Abraham     In the Holy Bible, the expression the Bosom of Abraham is found only in two verses of St. Luke s Gospel (xvi, 22, 23). It occurs in the parable of the Rich Man and… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Abraham's bosom — (Luke ).ee also*Limbo *Bosom of AbrahamReferences …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham's bosom — noun the place where the just enjoy the peace of heaven after death • Syn: ↑bosom of Abraham • Topics: ↑Luke, ↑Gospel of Luke, ↑Gospel According to Luke • Hypernyms: ↑Heaven * * * …   Useful english dictionary

  • ABRAHAM'S BOSOM — ABRAHAM S BOSOM, designation in the New Testament (Luke 16:22–31) of the abode of the blessed souls of the pious and poor in the other world (compare IV Macc. 13:17; Matt. 8:11, where all three patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, are… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABRAHAM — (originally Abram; Heb. אַבְרָהָם, אַבְרָם), first patriarch of the people of Israel. The form Abram occurs in the Bible only in Genesis 11:26–17:5, Nehemiah 9:7, and I Chronicles 1:26. Otherwise, Abraham appears invariably, and the name is borne …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham — (). For Muslims, he is a prophet of Islam and the ancestor of Muhammad through his other son Ishmael born to him by his wife s servant, Hagar. Abraham is also a progenitor of the Semitic tribes of the Negev who trace their descent from their… …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham, The Bosom of — • Found only in two verses of St. Luke s Gospel (xvi, 22, 23) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Abraham — Abraham1 [ā′brə ham΄] n. [Heb avraham, lit., father of many: the original form, avram, means “father is exalted”: see Gen. 17:5] 1. a masculine name: dim. Abe 2. Bible the first patriarch and ancestor of the Hebrews: Gen. 12 25 in Abraham s bosom …   English World dictionary