Bigender (bi+gender) is a tendency to move between masculine and feminine
gender-typed behaviour depending on context, expressing a distinctly " en femme" persona and a distinctly "en homme" persona, feminine and masculine respectively. It is a subset of transgender.
androgynousperson retains the same gender-typed behaviour across situations, the bigendered person consciously or unconsciously changes their gender-role behaviour from primarily masculine to primarily feminine, or vice versa.
Use of term
It is worth noting that this concept emerged from within the
transgendercommunity itself, rather than being adopted after it was created by another sub-culture (for example, transsexualwas defined first by the mental health community).
Because bigender is still a self-applied label, it is not possible to give a definitive outline of the typical bigender. Any description of a bigender is just an example of what someone who identifies as bigender might be like. Although there are patterns, the only firm characteristic is the sense of dual gender.
Some express their bigender identity through
crossdressingor performing as a drag king/ drag queen; others may adopt a strictly masculine, feminine, or androgynousappearance and experience the shift between genders on a purely mental, or only subtly physical, level.
Bigender and sexual orientation
It might seem that a bigender identity must go with a bisexual identity but gender identity and sexual orientation are independent. It is possible to be bigender and not bisexual, or bisexual but not bigender.
For some bigenders, labels like gay, lesbian or bisexual can seem less relevant or satisfactory due to their focus on physiological sex. Some might prefer terms that refer to gender (see
Gynephilia and androphilia) while others might prefer to not specify a sexual orientation at all. Since bigender is a gender-related term, not an erotic one, a bigender can of course be asexual.
Bigender in popular culture
While performers such as
David Bowieand Boy Georgeare known for combining masculine and feminine aspects, performers who switch between a primarily masculine or feminine image, such as Eddie Izzardand Annie Lennox, better fit the "bigender" label. Crossdressing is not always related to gender identity, however.
Bigender and "healthy multiplicity"
Some people who experience themselves as being two completely different people in one body—not just in the sense that they sometimes feel masculine and sometimes feel feminine—also use the term "bigender" to describe themselves in the event that the two people are of different genders, one male-identified and one female-identified. In this situation, at times when the person who is of the opposite gender to the body sex is dominant, they may experience similar feelings to a transsexual. This phenomenon is sometimes seen as a kind of
healthy multiplicity, that is to say, where a person has experiences similar to those described in dissociative identity disorder(also known as multiple personality disorder), but is able to come to terms with it, usually with the two people being aware of each other and cooperative, and does not wish to be seen as having an illness.
List of transgender-related topics
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Bigender — Als Bigender (bi+gender) werden Personen bezeichnet, die sich in ihrer sozialen Geschlechtsidentität und deren Ausdruck zwischen Weiblichkeit und Männlichkeit bewegen und beide Geschlechter in sich vereinen. Der Begriff ist vergleichbar mit dem… … Deutsch Wikipedia
bigender — adjective a) Having two genders simultaneously, e.g. both male and female. b) Having a tendency to move between feminine and masculine gender typed behaviour depending on context … Wiktionary
Androgyny — For other uses, see Androgyny (disambiguation). Androgyny is a term derived from the Greek words ανήρ, stem ανδρ (anér, andr , meaning man) and γυνή (gyné, meaning woman), referring to the combination of masculine and feminine characteristics.… … Wikipedia
Two-Spirit — Transgender topics Identities Androgyne · Genderqueer Hijra · Third gender / Third sex Transgender · Trans man Trans woman · Trigender · Two Spirit Queer heterose … Wikipedia
Lesbian — This article is about the sexual orientation. For other uses, see Lesbian (disambiguation) … Wikipedia
Transgender — (IPAEng|trænzˈdʒɛndɚ, from (Latin) derivatives [ trans … Wikipedia
Drag queen — New York drag performers Bianca Del Rio and Logan Hardcore on Fire Island before a show. Transgender topics Identities Androgyne … Wikipedia
Transphobia — For the phenomenon encountered in coordination chemistry, see trans effect. Part of a series on Discrimination … Wikipedia
Drag king — All The Kings Men a drag king performance troupe from Boston, MA … Wikipedia
Gender identity — Not to be confused with Sexual identity. Transgender topics Identities Androgyne · Genderqueer Hijra · Third gender / Third sex Transgender · Trans man Trans woman · Trigender … Wikipedia