Malayalam journalism


Malayalam journalism

Malayalam journalism refers to journalism in the Malayalam language. It began its history with the publication of the Raajyasamaachaaram and the Pashchimodhayam under the direction of Hermann Gundert in June 1847.

Contents

Newspapers

Defunct Malayalam newspapers

These defunct newspapers played important roles in the public life of Kerala during stormy periods by courageously expressing dissent, and reflecting and molding public opinion. Many of the newspapers had to close due to persecution by the authorities. The names of some of them survive as sobriquets of their editors.

  • Kerala Tribune (Mathews.K.Lukose Poriyakal Ayoor).People Tribune*Mathews.K.lukose Chief Editor)
  • Keralamithram (edited by Kandathil Varghese Mappila and published by Devji Bhimji)
  • Kerala Pathrika (edited by Chengalathu Kunhirama Menon)
  • Kerala Sanchari (edited by Vengayil Kunhiraman Nayanar, otherwise known as Vadakkan Kesari, and published by the Spectator Press, Calicut)
  • Swadeshabhimani (edited by K. Ramakrishna Pillai and published by Vakkom Abdul Khadir Moulavi)
  • Mithavadhi (edited by Moorkkoththu Kumaran and later by C. Krishnan)
  • Kesari (edited by Kesari Balakrishna Pillai, otherwise known as Thekkan Kesari)
  • Sahodharan (edited by Sahodaran Ayyappan)
  • Al-Ameen (edited and published by Mohammed Abdul Rahiman)
  • Malabar Mail (edited by Fr. Thomas Veluthedathu and M. M. Varkey, and published by Mar Augustine Kandathil)

Current Malayalam newspapers

Journals

  • Janashakthi Weekly http://www.janashakthionline.com
  • Chintha Varika , Chief Editor: C P Narayanan
  • Madhyamam weekly , Chief Editor: V.A.Kabeer
  • Deshabhimani Weekly which was edited by Thayattu Shankaran and M.N. Vijayan
  • Grihalakshmi (Edited by K. K. Sreedharan Nair)
  • Samakalika Malayalam Vaarika edited by S.Jayachandran Nair
  • Kala Kaumudi ( Founded by M.S.Mani)
  • Kesari, Malayalam Journal , RSS Malayalam Mouthpiece.
  • Chandrika ( Founded by Musthafa)
  • Thejas (founded by Inter Media Publishing Ltd and edited by Prof. P Koya)

Malayalam journalists

  • E.M.S. Namboodiripad
  • V.R. Krishna Iyer
  • T. J. S. George
  • Kunhananthan Nair Berlin
  • Abu Abraham
  • G.Shakthidharan
  • M. N. Vijayan
  • Venkitesh Ramakrishnan
  • Hameed Chennamangaloor
  • Parvathi Menon, The Hindu.
  • Leela Menon
  • C.Unni Raja
  • I.V. Das
  • Sidharthan Paruthikkad
  • John Brittas
  • Babu Bharadwaj
  • K.Mohanan
  • Narikkutty Mohanan
  • N.Prabha Varma
  • Mangad Rathnakaran
  • P.K.Prakash
  • V.K. Madhavan Kutty
  • Jomichan George
  • Thayat Shankaran
  • P. Govinda Pillai
  • Shashi Kumar
  • M.G. Radhakrishnan
  • M.C. Varghese
  • B.G. Verghese
  • Mammen Mathew
  • K. P. Kesava Menon
  • M.P.Veerendra Kumar

Journalists from Kerala who contributed to Indian journalism in the English language include:

  • Swadeshabhimani K. Ramakrishna Pillai wrote the Vruththaanthapathrapravarthanam (1912), the first book on journalism in the Malayalam language.
  • Dr. T. M. Nair (Swarajya), Barrister G. P. Pillai (Madras Standard)

Television Age

Television Age started in Malayalam in 1985 with the starting of telecasting in Malayalam by Doordashan.

Doordarshan

Doordarshan started news bullettins along with its inception. It is now one of the largest broadcasting organizations in the world in terms of the infrastructure of studios and transmitters.

Asianet

Asianet was the first Malayalam TV Channel in private sector is Asianet started by Shashikumar, a famous left minded media person , in 1990 with his NRI uncle Reji Menon as main investor. They started their news bulletins in 1994. It was a turning point in the history of Malayalam journalism. The news persons behind this initiative were B. R. P. Bhaskar, T. N. Gopakumar, Neelan, K. Rajagopal, C. L. Thomas, K. Jayachandran, N. P. Chandrasekharan, and N. K. Raveendran mainly CPM loyalists. This channel became the nursery of Television Journalism in Malayalam. The founding leaders of some of the news channels of Kerala were the products of Asianet like M. V. Nikesh Kumar (Indiavision), N. P. Chandrasekharan (People) and K. P. Jayadeep (Manorama News). Later Shashikumar was driven out of the channel when other business interests took control of the channel. The full ownership gone to Raji Menon . Later the channel was taken over by the Rajeev Chandrasekhar's group. At present the world media baron Rupert Murdoch is the owner of Asianet channels except Asianet news. UPA governments' foreign direct investment policy in press helped him for take over. This made the channel playing its role in what is referred to as Crony Capitalism. Noted journalist and Magsaysay Award Winner Sainath Opined: "The dominant media are not pro-corporate or pro-big business. They are corporates."[2].

Indiavision

Indiavision was the first full fledged news channel started in Malayalam. It started functioning in 2003 August under the leadership of M. K. Muneer.Mr.MV Nikesh Kumar (Executive Editor), N. P. Chandrasekharan (Associate Editor) and A. Sahadevan (Programme Consultant)and MT Vasudevan Nair.

Kairali TV

Kairali TV is a Malayalam television channel . It is the first public limited channel promoted by keralites in the world.Currently, Mammootty, film actor in Malayalam, holds the post of Chairman and John Brittas is the Managing Director. Other important leaders are: D Prabha Varma- Director, News and Current Affairs, N. P, Chandrasekharan- Executive Editor, Somakumar- Executive Producer and Abraham Mathew- Chief Correspondent. In 2005, a news channel People TV was launched by Kairali TV.

The HQ and studio of the channel is at East Fort, Thiruvananthapuram(Trivandrum). It has a transmission centre at Ernakulam too. A state-of-the-art HQ was constructed in Trivandrum as the Communist Marxists got rule of the State .

The channel owners claim that their vision is to create programmes that meet international standards of production excellence. Kairali TV has gained considerable viewership and popularity in a short span of time. People TV is another channel owned by Kairali, that caters news and current affairs round the clock. WE TV, a channel for the youth has started transmission on April 14 of 2007.

Jeevan TV

Jeevan TV is a 24 hour Malayalam television channel, with its headquarters at Palarivattom, Kochi, India. It uses the slogan "The complete family channel". Further it is a semi news channel. It is promoted by the Catholic Church of Kerala although the journalists working there came from Chenkottukonam Swami's Punyabhumi. Mar Andrews Thazhath, Metropolitan Arch Bishop of Trichur is the chairman of this channel. Currently Baby Mathew Somatheeram is the Managing Director. Other important leaders are: Isac Joseph-Working Chairman, PJ Antony-Executive Editor, Dr Biju Alappatt-Chief Co-ordinator, MS Banesh-News Editor, Babu Velappaya-News Editor,Jeevan TV,was established in the year 2002.This well known television channel is one such channel aired for the malayalam- speaking viewers that caters to the interest of an entire family.

JaiHind TV

JaiHind TV is the general entertainment channel in Kerala, Controlled by Indian National Congress broadcasting from Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala . It is a full time channel but some type of entertainment programs also broadcasting K.P.Mohanan is the Chief Executive Officer(CEO) of the channel.

Manorama News

In 2006, Manorama News was started with Indiavision's Pramod Raman and Shani Prabhakaran as anchors. K. P. Jayadeep and Pramod Raman [Romi Mathew] were also became coleaders of this channel.

Online Journalism

Real advent of Malayalam Online Media started in 2000. Newspapers started their online editions during late 1990s. But those were replica of the print news online.

During April 2000 First Malayalam Portal was started under the leadership of P V Harikrishnan. When it was started the name was malayalam.indiainfo.com. Later it was rechristened as Thatsmalayalam.com. Now the portal is under oneindia.in

Drishyam TV; First Free Malayalam Television Channel on the Internet started on 2005.

By September 2000 Webdunia.com started Weblokam.com.

Malayalam Citizen Journalism

Kerala Social Network www.koottam.com promotes citizen journalism among keralites.

References

  1. ^ "Pothan Joseph - the doyen of Indian journalism". josephclan.com. http://josephclan.com/pothanjoseph.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-21. 
  2. ^ http://www.thehindu.com | "The republic on a banana peel" By P. Sainath, The Hindu 3rd December 2010

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