- Icebreaker Joseph Stalin
The Icebreaker Joseph Stalin was the first Soviet
icebreakerbuilt in a native shipyard.
Owing to many delays, it took over two years to finish. It was built at the
OrdzhonikidzeYard in Leningrad(now St. Petersburg) between 1937 and 1938.
The "Joseph Stalin" was the biggest icebreaker of the Soviet fleet at that time. In 1938 it reached the Arctic in its first expedition.
Icebreaker "Joseph Stalin", freed Icebreaker "Sedov" on January 18th 1940 between
Greenlandand Svalbardafter it had been drifting as a scientific Soviet Polar Station for a long time.
In the summer 1940, the "Joseph Stalin" led the "Komet", a
Kriegsmarinevessel camouflaged as Soviet cargo ship called "Dezhnev", across the ice of the Northern Sea Route.
German auxiliary cruiser Komet
* [http://www.tour-land.ru/extr/north_p/eng/hist_ark.shtml History of Russian Arctic Exploration]
* [http://argo.net.au/andre/raiderKOMETENFIN.htm The Komet raider]
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