LAM Mozambique Airlines


LAM Mozambique Airlines
LAM – Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique SARL
LAM – Mozambique Airlines
IATA
TM
ICAO
LAM
Callsign
MOZAMBIQUE
Founded August 26, 1936 (1936-08-26) (75 years ago) (as Direcção de Exploração de Transportes Aéreos)
Commenced operations December 22, 1937 (1937-12-22)
Hubs
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer program Flamingo Club
Subsidiaries Moçambique Expresso (100%)
Fleet size 8
Destinations 16
Parent company Government of Mozambique
Headquarters Maputo, Mozambique
Key people
  • Teodoro Waty (Chairman of the Board)[1]
  • Marlene Manave (CEO)[1]
  • João Abreu (COO)[1]
Website www.lam.co.mz/en

Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique, Ltd.,[2] operating as LAM – Mozambique Airlines (Portuguese: LAM – Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique), is the flag carrier of Mozambique. Based in Maputo,[1] it operates scheduled services in southern Africa and Europe under the IATA airline code TM and the ICAO airline code LAM, its callsign being MOZAMBIQUE.[3]

The carrier is a member of the International Air Transport Association, and of the African Airlines Association since 1976.[4] According to Skytrax, out of a five-star ranking, the LAM – Mozambique Airlines in-flight service merits three stars.[5]

LAM – Mozambique Airlines is on the list of airlines banned in the EU.[6]:15

Contents

History

The airline was established in 26 August 1936 as DETA – Direcção de Exploração de Transportes Aéreos,[7] as a division of the department of railways, harbours and airways of the Portuguese colonial government of Mozambique. It started operations on 22 December 1937.[8] Following allegations of corruption, DETA was restructured and renamed LAM – Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique in early 1980.[8][9]

A LAM Mozambique Airlines McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 at Roissy-Charles de Gaulle Airport, Paris, France. (1983)

Long haul flights were initially operated with Boeing 707 or DC-8 equipment, then a DC-10 leased from UTA French Airlines. At that time the government's Il-62M was sometimes used for additional capacity. The early 1990s were the peak of expansion with the DC-10 flying twice weekly to Lisbon (sometimes via Madrid) as well as one weekly flight operating the route Maputo-Paris-Copenhagen-East Berlin, mainly to shuttle guest construction workers. For many years, the Lisbon flights would then operate a sector for TACV to Sal Island before returning to Maputo. After the DC-10 lease terminated, Lisbon flights were operated with a South African Airways Boeing 747SP before a pair of Boeing 767-200's was secured. However, 767 services were short-lived with management deciding to concentrate on regional routes and these aircraft spent most of their time leased to SAA.[citation needed]

On 23 December 1998 LAM was transformed into a limited company, adopting the denomination of LAM – Mozambique Airlines by Decree no. 69/98. A limited company incorporated by statute in Mozambique was formed in late 1999.[1] The state holds 91% of the shares and employees hold the balance.[1] As of May 2011, the carrier employs a staff of 695.[1] LAM wholly owns the airline Moçambique Expresso.[citation needed]

The airline is banned from operating within the European Union, as of April 2011.[10][11] Flights to Lisbon that resumed in early April 2011 (2011-04) used Boeing 767-300ER equipment operated by EuroAtlantic Airways on behalf of LAM.[12][13][14] The airline announced the suspension of the Maputo–Lisbon–Maputo route effective 22 November 2011, ahead of the constitution of a new autonomous division aimed at operating intercontinental routes.[15]

Destinations

Codeshare agreements

As of June 2011 the following routes are codeshared ones, actually operated by the carriers shown:[16][17]

Fleet

Current

A LAM Boeing 737-200 at OR Tambo International Airport, Johannesburg, South Africa. (2010)
LAM Embraer 190 in Johannesburg (2009).

As of September 2011, the LAM – Mozambique Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft:[3][18]

LAM – Mozambique Airlines Fleet
Aircraft In Fleet Orders Passengers Notes
C Y Total
Boeing 737-200 Advanced 2 16 88 104 Domestic & Regional Routes
Bombardier Q400 3 0 78 78 Operated by Moçambique Expresso
Embraer 120[citation needed] 1 0 30 30 Operated by Moçambique Expresso
Embraer 190 2 9 84 93 Domestic & Regional Routes
Total 8

At 1 July 2010, the average age of the LAM – Mozambique Airlines fleet is 14.7 years.[citation needed]

Retired

The airline previously operated the following aircraft:

Accidents and incidents

As of June 2011, Aviation Safety Network records 3 accidents/incidents for the airline, none of them leading to fatalities.[24]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Company History". LAM – Mozambique Airlines. http://www.lam.co.mz/en/Company/Company-History. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  2. ^ "Legal Notice." LAM Mozambique Airlines. Retrieved on 27 January 2011.
  3. ^ a b "LAM - Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique - Details and Fleet History". Planespotters.net. http://www.planespotters.net/Airline/LAM-Linhas-Aereas-de-Mocambique. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  4. ^ "AFRAA Members". AFRAA. http://www.afraa.org/membership.htm. Retrieved 19 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "LAM Mozambique Airlines Customer Reviews | SKYTRAX". Skytrax. 23 October 2010. http://www.airlinequality.com/Forum/mozambique.htm. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  6. ^ "List of air carriers of which all operations are subject to a ban within the EU". European Comission – Mobility & Transport. 20 April 2011. http://ec.europa.eu/transport/air-ban/doc/list_en.pdf. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d "World airline directory – DETA Mozambique Airlines" (pdf). Flight International: 309. 26 July 1980. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1980/1980%20-%201928.html?search=Mozambique%20Airlines. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "World Airline Directory | LAM – Linhas Aereas de Moçambique" (pdf). Flight International: 91. 4 April 2000 – 10 April 2000. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/2000/2000%20-%201095.html?search=LAM. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  9. ^ "World Airline Directory – Linhas Aéreas de Mocambique (LAM)" (pdf). Flight International: 93. 30 March 1985. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1985/1985%20-%200953.html. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  10. ^ Cathy Buyck (20 April 2011). "EC bans Mozambique airlines from European airspace". Air Transport World. http://atwonline.com/international-aviation-regulation/news/ec-bans-mozambique-airlines-european-airspace-0419. Retrieved 24 June 2011. 
  11. ^ "All Mozambique airlines banned from entering EU". People's Daily. Xinhua News Agency. 20 April 2011. http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90001/90778/90858/90866/7355968.html. Retrieved 24 June 2011. 
  12. ^ Cathy Buyck (2 May 2011). "African airlines say they are 'being progressively destroyed' by EU blacklist". Air Transport World. http://atwonline.com/international-aviation-regulation/news/african-airlines-say-they-are-being-progressively-destroyed-e. Retrieved 10 July 2011. "LAM said it will be able to continue offering Maputo-Lisbon service despite Mozambique's addition to the EU blacklist by wet-leasing a Boeing 767-300ER from Portuguese ACMI provider euroAtlantic." 
  13. ^ "EC bans Mozambican airlines on safety grounds". Bloomberg Businessweek. Associated Press (Maputo). 19 April 2011. http://www.businessweek.com/ap/financialnews/D9MMTU2O0.htm. Retrieved 24 June 2011. "Portugal's EuroAtlantic Airways provides the aircraft, crew and maintenance for twice weekly Mozambique Airlines Maputo-Lisbon flights." 
  14. ^ "LAM iniciou com sucesso voos para Lisboa [LAM successfully resumed flights to Lisbon]" (in Portuguese). LAM Mozambique Airlines. 5 April 2011. http://www.lam.co.mz/en/content/view/full/80437. Retrieved 8 April 2011. 
  15. ^ "LAM redefine operação intercontinental [LAM redefines intercontinental operations]" (in Portuguese). LAM Mozambique Airlines. 8 November 2011. http://www.lam.co.mz/pt/content/view/full/80573. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
  16. ^ "Ethiopian Code Share with Mozambique Airlines" (Press release). Ethiopian Airlines. 4 May 2011. http://www.ethiopianairlines.com/en/news/prarchive.aspx?id=228. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  17. ^ "Partners & Alliances". Kenya Airways. http://www.kenya-airways.com/home/about_kenya_airways/partners_and_alliances/default.aspx. Retrieved 15 June 2011. 
  18. ^ "LAM - Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique". CH-Aviation. http://www.ch-aviation.ch/aircraft.php?search=set&airline=TM&al_op=1. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f "Directory: world airlines – Linhas Aereas de Mocambique LAM" (pdf). Flight International: 90. 19 March 2002 – 25 March 2002. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/2002/2002%20-%200870.html. Retrieved 8 April 2011. 
  20. ^ a b "World Airline Directory | Linhas Aereas de Moçambique (LAM) [TM]" (pdf). Flight International: 67. 5 April 1995 – 11 April 1995. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1995/1995%20-%201000.html?search=LAM. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  21. ^ a b "World Airline Directory | Linhas Aereas de Mocambique (LAM)" (pdf). Flight International: 105. 14 March 1990 – 20 March 1990. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1990/1990%20-%200757.html. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  22. ^ "Other News - 12/16/2008". Air Transport World. 17 December 2008. http://atwonline.com/aircraftenginescomponents/news/other-news-12162008-0309-0. Retrieved 24 June 2011. 
  23. ^ "Fleet | LAM Linhas Aereas de Mocambique". Airfleets.net. http://www.airfleets.net/flottecie/LAM%20Linhas%20Aereas%20De%20Mocambique.htm. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  24. ^ "LAM Linhas Aereas de Moçambique accident record". Aviation Safety Network. 28 November 2004. http://aviation-safety.net/database/operator/airline.php?var=5779. Retrieved 24 June 2011. 

External links


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