German Navy


German Navy
German Navy
Deutsche Marine
Naval Ensign of Germany.svg
FIAV 000001.svg Naval Ensign of Germany.
Founded 1956 (1990)
Country  Germany
Size 17,000 personnel, 47 surface vessels, 4 submarines, 43 auxiliary vessels, 55 aircraft
Part of Bundeswehr
Engagements Operation Sharp Guard (1993–96)
Operation Enduring Freedom
 • Combined Task Force 150 (2002– )
Operation Active Endeavour
UNIFIL II
Operation ATALANTA
Commanders
Inspekteur der Marine Vice Admiral Axel Schimpf
Insignia
Logo of the German Navy Bundeswehr Logo Marine with lettering.svg

German Navy
Deutsche Marine
German Naval Ensign
Components
Organization
Ships
Naval Air Arm
Kampfschwimmer
Command
Fleet Command
Marineamt
Equipment
Ship Classes
History and Traditions
Prussian Navy
Norddeutsche Bundesmarine
Kaiserliche Marine
Reichsmarine
Kriegsmarine
Volksmarine
Awards, Decorations and Badges
Badge of Honour of the Bundeswehr
Military Proficiency Badge
Badge of Marksmanship
Service Medal
Flood Service Medal

The German Navy (Deutsche Marine (About this sound navy of Germany and is part of the unified Bundeswehr (the German Armed Forces).

The German Navy traces its roots back to the Imperial Fleet (Reichsflotte) of the revolutionary era of 1848 – 52 and more directly to the Prussian Navy, which later evolved into the Northern German Federal Navy (Norddeutsche Bundesmarine, 1866 – 71) and became the Imperial German Navy (Kaiserliche Marine) of 1872–1918. From 1919 to 1921 it was known as the Temporary Imperial Navy (Vorläufige Reichsmarine) and then became the Reichsmarine. It was known as the Kriegsmarine (War Navy) from 1935 to 1945.

From 1945 to 1956, the German Mine Sweeping Administration and its successor organizations, made up of former members of the Kriegsmarine, became something of a transition stage for the German Navy, allowing the future Bundesmarine to draw on experienced personnel upon its formation.

In 1956, with West Germany's accession to NATO, a new Navy was established and was referred to as the Federal Navy (Bundesmarine). With the reunification of Germany in 1990, and the taking-over of units of the former East German Volksmarine ("People's Navy"), it was decided to simply use the name Deutsche Marine ("German Navy").

In total, there are about 90 commissioned warships in the German Navy, including four submarines and 43 auxiliary ships; the displacement of the navy is 220,000 tonnes. In addition to this, the German Navy and the Royal Danish Navy are in cooperation in the "Ark Project". This agreement made the Ark Project responsible for the strategic sealift of German armed forces where the full-time charter of three roll-on-roll-off cargo and troop ships are ready for deployments. In addition, these ships are also kept available for the use of the other European NATO countries.

The three vessels have a combined displacement of 60,000 tonnes.[1][2] Including these ships, the total ships' displacement available to the Deutsche Marine is 280,000 tonnes.

Contents

Mission

The German Navy is part of the German armed forces (Bundeswehr), and is deeply integrated into the NATO alliance. Its mission includes the participation in peace-keeping and peace enforcement operations as well as the protection of German and Allied territories.

Operations

A German Navy boarding team member assigned to the frigate FGS Augsburg (F213) provides security with a P8 pistol for the remainder of his team as they board a local cargo dhow by fast rope to conduct a search of the vessel.

German war ships permanently participate in all four NATO Maritime Groups. The German Navy is also engaged in operations against international terrorism such as Operation Enduring Freedom and NATO Operation Active Endeavour.

Presently the largest operation the German Navy is participating in is UNIFIL II off the coast of Lebanon. The German contribution to this operation is two frigates, four fast attack craft, and two auxiliary vessels. The naval component of UNIFIL has been under German command.[3]

Organization

The German Navy is commanded by the Inspekteur der Marine in the Federal Ministry of Defence in Bonn. The major commands are the Fleet Command at Glücksburg near Flensburg and the Naval Office at Rostock. The Fleet is commanded by the Befehlshaber der Flotte (Commander-in-Chief German Fleet or CINCGERFLEET) and comprises all combat vessels, aircraft, helicopters and other combat forces, while schools, naval bases and test installations are under the purview of the Naval Office. The strength of the Navy is about 17,000 men and women.[4]

The navy as a part of the Bundeswehr is responsible for developing and providing the maritime capabilities of the German armed forces. Therefore it is operating a number of development and testing installations as part of an inter-service and international network.

The Fleet

  • Fleet Command (Flottenkommando), Glücksburg
    • 1st Flotilla (Einsatzflottille 1), Kiel
      • HQ 1st Flotilla
        • Centre of Excellence for Operations in Confined and Shallow Waters (COE CSW)
      • 1st Corvette Squadron (1. Korvettengeschwader), Warnemünde
      • 1st Submarine Squadron (1. Unterseebootgeschwader), Eckernförde
      • Submarine Training Centre (Ausbildungszentrum Unterseeboote), Eckernförde
      • 3rd Mine Countermeasures Squadron (3. Minensuchgeschwader), Kiel
      • 7th Fast Patrol Boat Squadron (7. Schnellbootgeschwader), Warnemünde
      • 5th Mine Countermeasures Squadron (5. Minensuchgeschwader), Kiel
      • Force Protection Group, (Marineschutzkräfte), Eckernförde
        • HQ
        • 3x Force Protection companies (Marinesicherungskompanie)
        • HUMINT platoon (Feldnachrichtenzug)
      • Special Warfare Group, (Spezialisierte Einsatzkräfte Marine), Eckernförde
        • HQ
        • combat diver company (Kampfschwimmerkompanie)
        • mine clearance diver company (mine countermeasures and explosive ordnance disposal; Minentaucherkompanie)
        • Boarding company
        • Training Company (Ausbildungsinspektion)
    • 2nd Flotilla (Einsatzflottille 2), Wilhelmshaven
    • Naval Air Wing 3 (Marinefliegergeschwader 3), Nordholz
    • Naval Air Wing 5 (Marinefliegergeschwader 5), Kiel
    • Naval Medical Institute (Schiffahrtsmedizinisches Institut), Kiel (responsible especially for diving medicine)

Naval Office

  • Naval Office (Marineamt), Rostock
    • Department for Development of the Navy, Bremerhaven
    • Navy Schools (Admiral Naval Training)
      • Naval Academy (Marineschule Mürwik), Flensburg-Mürwik
      • Petty Officer School (Marineunteroffiziersschule), Plön
      • Engineering School (Marinetechnikschule), Parow, near Stralsund
        • Damage Control Training Centre (Ausbildungszentrum für Schiffssicherung), Neustadt in Holstein
      • Naval Operations School (Marineoperationsschule), Bremerhaven
    • Supporting Installations (Admiral Naval Logistics)
      • Naval Base Command (Marinestützpunktkommando) Wilhelmshaven
      • Naval Base Command (Marinestützpunktkommando) Eckernförde
      • Naval Base Command (Marinestützpunktkommando) Kiel
      • Naval Base Command (Marinestützpunktkommando) Warnemünde
      • Naval Service Test Command (Kommando Truppenversuche der Marine), Eckernförde
      • Naval Command & Control Systems Command (Kommando Marineführungssysteme), Wilhelmshaven

Ranks

Officers

NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student Officer
 Germany (Edit) No Equivalent 23 - ad.GIF
Admiral
22 - vad.GIF
Vizeadmiral
21 - kad.GIF
Konteradmiral
20 - fltlad.GIF
Flottillenadmiral
19 - kpt zs.GIF
Kapitän zur See
18 - fkpt.GIF
Fregattenkapitän
17 - kkpt.GIF
Korvettenkapitän
16 - stkptlt.GIF
Stabskapitänleutnant
16 - kptlt.GIF
Kapitänleutnant
15 - olt zs.GIF
Oberleutnant zur See
14 - lt zs.GIF
Leutnant zur See
11 - ofhr zs.GIF
Oberfähnrich zur See
OFD2 Marine lo.png
Fähnrich zur See
7 - skad.GIF
Seekadett
Enlisted rank plus a star indicating cadet's career

NCOs and Enlisted Seamen

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Germany Germany
(Edit)
GE-NAVY-OR-9 OStBtsm.png GE-NAVY-OR-8 StBtsm.png GE-NAVY-OR-7a HptBtsm.png GE-NAVY-OR-6c OBtsm.png GE-NAVY-OR-6a Btsm.png GE-NAVY-OR-5c OMaat Var1.png GE-NAVY-OR-5a Maat Var1.png GE-NAVY-OR-4b OStGefr.png GE-NAVY-OR-4a StGefr.png GE-NAVY-OR-3b HptGefr.png GE-NAVY-OR-3a OGefr.png GE-NAVY-OR-2 Gefr.png GE-NAVY-OR-1 Matr.png
Oberstabsbootsmann Stabsbootsmann Hauptbootsmann Oberbootsmann Bootsmann Obermaat Maat Oberstabsgefreiter Stabsgefreiter Hauptgefreiter Obergefreiter Gefreiter Matrose

Gallery

Ships and weapon systems

Ships

See: List of Active Ships of the German Navy

Aircraft

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[5] Notes
Transport/Utility Helicopter
Sea Lynx United Kingdom Anti-submarine helicopter Sea Lynx Mk 88 22
Sea King United Kingdom Multipurpose naval helicopter Sea King Mk 41 21
Maritime Patrol
P-3C Orion United States Maritime patrol P-3C 8 Formerly owned by the Netherlands Navy Maritime Patrol
Dornier Do 228 Germany Pollution control Do 228 LM 2 Under orders by the Federal Ministry of Transport
Reconnaissance Aircraft
Camcopter S-100 Austria unmanned aerial vehicle Camcopter S-100 0 A first batch of six UAVs has been ordered (more being planned)

Radio and communication stations

Developments

  • A first batch of four frigates of the F125 class (Baden-Württemberg class) specialised for persistent stabilization missions is planned to replace some of the older Bremen class warships (eight guided-missile frigates). Each F125 will have two crews. They are expected to enter service between 2016 and 2018.
  • Six medium surface combat ships are planned under the name Korvette "K131" (corvette "K131")
  • Two Joint Support Ships (JSS) for strategic troop transport and amphibious operations are planned. of the type "JSS800" of 27.000 to 30.000 tons for 800 soldiers, i.e. "Juan Carlos",[6] http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/europe/de-navy.htm
  • Three "JSS400+" of more than 20.000 tons for 400 soldiers, i.e. "Johan de Witt" or "JSS400" for 400 soldiers and in need of supporting units, i.e. "Bay" Class.[7]
  • A new development called "Mehrzweckeinsatzschiff" (multi-mission ship) was announced in January 2009.[8]
  • One more Berlin class replenishment ship was ordered in December 2008.
  • 30 × MH90 frigate helicopters are planned to replace the 22 old Sea King helicopter of Naval Air Wing 5 and some of the Sea Lynx helicopters.
  • A first batch of six Camcopter S-100 UAVs for the use on the Braunschweig class corvettes has been ordered (more being planned). Deliveries will take place in 2013.[9]

References

External links

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of German Navy ships — The list of Germany Navy ships includes all ships commissioned into German Navy service, since the unification of Germany in 1990.See also: * List of naval ships of Germany for naval ships which have served Germany throughout the country s… …   Wikipedia

  • List of German Navy ship classes — This is a list of naval ship classes that were in service with the Bundesmarine (navy of West Germany) or are still in service with the Deutsche Marine (navy of reunited Germany). Some projects, that were not built or future designs are also… …   Wikipedia

  • German Eastern Marches Society — (German: Deutscher Ostmarkenverein, also known in German as Verein zur Förderung des Deutschtums in den Ostmarken) was a German radical,[1][2] extremely nationalist[3] xenophobic organization[4] founded in 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Navy diver — is a general term to describe members of a country s naval forces who specialize in underwater diving and military diving. Australia: Royal Australian Navy clearance diver Canada: Canadian clearance diver Germany: German Navy clearance diver… …   Wikipedia

  • German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran — Kormoran redirects here. For other uses, see Kormoran (disambiguation). Auxiliary cruiser Kormoran meets a German U boat at sea Career (Nazi Germany) …   Wikipedia

  • German Revolution of 1918–1919 — November Revolution redirects here. For the 1974 discovery of charm in physics, see November Revolution (physics). For the revolutions in German Confederacy in 1848, see Revolutions of 1848 in the German states. For the Russian revolution on… …   Wikipedia

  • Navy League (Germany) — Alfred von Tirpitz, 1903 The Navy League or Fleet Association (German: Deutscher Flottenverein) in Imperial Germany was an interest group formed on April 30 1898 on initiative of Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz th …   Wikipedia

  • German commando frogmen — This article is about Germany s commando frogmen. See also Minentaucher. For other nations commando frogmen, and information about frogmen in general, see Frogman. Kampfschwimmer Current Unit Patch Ac …   Wikipedia

  • German warship Scharnhorst (1936) — For the German armoured cruiser, commissioned in 1907, see SMS Scharnhorst Scharnhorst was a famous World War II capital ship, the lead of her class, referred to as either a light battleship or a battlecruiser [The battlecruiser classification… …   Wikipedia

  • German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee — The Admiral Graf Spee was one of the most famous German naval warships of World War II, along with the Bismarck . Her size was limited to that of a cruiser by the Treaty of Versailles, however she was as heavily armed as a battleship due to… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.