- Black Cat (Harvey Comics)
The Black Cat is a comic book adventure heroine published by
Harvey Comicsfrom 1941 to 1951. Harvey also published reprints of the character in both the mid fifties and the early sixties. The character's creation is claimed by the Harvey family to have originated with publisher Alfred Harvey, but there is no corroborating evidence for this.
Her first adventures, illustrated by artist
Al Gabrielle, appeared in Pocket Comics, an experimental digest-sized comic book published by Harvey in 1941. After the demise of that title, she became one of the features in the anthology Speed Comics, lasting until that title's demise in 1947. By 1946, Black Cat had also gained her own title, which published her adventures until 1951 before changing its content to horror stories. Black Cat also appeared in a separate Harvey anthology, All-New Comics, in issues 6, 9, and 15. Writers on the Black Cat series are not positively known. Artists who worked on the feature after Al Gabrielle include Pierce Rice, Arturo Caseneuve, Bob Powell, Jill Elginand Joe Kubert. Lee Elias, occasionally inked by John Belfi, provided the art from 1946 until the feature's end in 1951.
Linda Turner was the daughter of silent film western actor Tim Turner and a former Hollywood stunt woman, who had successfully made the transition from stunt woman to lead actress. During the filming of an unnamed picture, Linda suspects the film's director, Garboil (no first name given) of being a Nazi spy or at the very least an American Bund member. In order to follow him and gain corroborating evidence, she disguises herself in a backless blue blouse, red shorts,blue flared gloves, red buccaneer boots and a blue opera mask and calls herself The Black Cat (Pocket Comics #1).
While following Garboil, Black Cat met Rick Horne, a reporter for the Los Angeles Globe who had been assigned to investigate rumors of a Nazi spy ring in Los Angeles. Initially disdainful of each other, the pair were forced to work together and discover that Garboil was planting secret information in his motion pictures. Using her knowledge of the studio, Black Cat sneaked into the editing room and changds the edit of the picture to render the information useless. When they arediscovered, Rick and Black Cat physically overpower the gang and turn them in. Garboil escaped and Linda decided to maintain her Black Cat identity in order to keep watch over his activities. In 1944, The Black Cat’s costume modified slightly, becoming a one piece blue bathing suit with buccaneer boots, flared gloves and opera mask all in blue and a red belt. This look would remain for the rest of her career.
Cast of Characters
Linda Turner gained access to movies with bit parts in her parents' films as a child. Herfather was silent film western actor Tim Turner and her unnamed mother was a stunt woman, having appeared at least once in a jungle girl picture or serial, probably in the early thirties. By her late teens, Linda became a professional stunt woman and won some acclaim for her work. Her natural beauty gained her a screen test and her innate acting ability led to acting jobs, eventually to starring roles. Her acting roles have ranged from period dramas and romantic melodramas to action heroines, where her history as a stunt woman allows her to do some of her own stunts. That same history as a stunt woman, plus life on her father's ranch outside of Los Angeles, gave Linda the physical skills to perform her work as The Black Cat. Linda is adept at riding a horse and a motorcycle, as well as performing stunts on the vehicle. She is proficient with a lasso and rope, and possesses a black belt in judo. Her stunt training also allows her to make impressive leaps from buildings or moving vehicles safely (Black Cat #63 and others).
Rick Horne is a reporter and love interest of Linda Turner. Initially Horne is employed as areporter for the Los Angeles Globe. In later appearances, he works for a Hollywood trade paperas a columnist. Near the end of the series, Horne also had a radio broadcast, in much the same manner of Walter Winchell, where he broadcast news and entertainment interviews. Horne is aggressive and seemingly fearless, often using his fists to escape hazardous situations or to subdue criminals. Though his fighting prowess is surpassed by The Black Cat, he is often a help to her. Horne was mistrustful of Black Cat at first and denigrated her efforts to bring Garboil to justice. However, as they worked together more and more, Horne was impressed with Black Cat's ability and began to view her as an efficient force against crime and an attractive fantasy woman.
At the same time, Horne struck up a casual friendship with Linda Turner without realizing she isalso The Black Cat. Their relationship grew over the years, to the point where the two began todate and maintained a tenuous commitment to each other. But Horne is more attracted to themysterious fantasy of The Black Cat than to the glamorous Linda Turner, and Linda seemsdetermined to keep the reporter at arm's length until he commits to her rather than his fantasywoman, even though both are the same woman.
Toby is Linda Turner's pet cat. Toby was usually portrayed as a black Siamese. Toby was usually depicted as a male, though one story identified the cat as female (“The Queen of Cats”, Black Cat # 8). It is possible that Linda had two cats, both named Toby, at different stages of her life. In Toby's initial appearances, the cat displayed an antagonistic dislike for Garboil, Linda's director on her films. In at least one story (“The Case Of The Photo Crimes”, Speed #27), Toby was drawn by artist Bob Powell as a white Angora. After changing to Black Cat, Linda worked a skin tight black cat skin over the white cat and, in disguise, Toby assisted Black Cat in tracking down the villain of the story.
Garboil is the studio contract director Linda initially works with. He is of German descent andspeaks with a thick German accent. It isn't known whether Linda initially suspects him of beinga spy because of his activities or his ethnic heritage, but her suspicions are proven to be well-founded. He is cold and superior in his dealings with others, and has a disdain for Linda's cat. Garboil was the only recurring villain in Black Cat’s history. The character disappeared after a few appearances.
Linda's father is introduced in 1946, after Black Cat gains her own title. A former cowboy whogained stardom as a western hero during the silent movie days, Tim Turner retired from filmssometime after the death of his stunt woman wife, Linda's mother. The elderly Turner lives primarily on his own on a ranch outside of Los Angeles. He has an affectionate relationship with his daughter, who he knows is The Black Cat, and occasionally advises her on her cases. It wasTurner who taught his daughter how to ride and rope, skills she later translated into herstunt work. Though he is concerned for his daughter's safety, Tim Turner wholly approves ofher activities as The Black Cat and her desire to bring justice to the world. Turner also dabbled after his film career as a private detective, but it’s unknown whether he was successful at it. He did teach some of his investigative skills to his daughter.
Jonesie is Linda Turner's personal secretary. The slim blonde with the large black horn-rimmedglasses handles Linda's fan-mail and schedule, acts as a liaison with the studio Linda iscontracted to and occasionally is a sympathetic ear to Linda when she pondered her curiousrelationship with Rick Horne.
Kit Weston was introduced in Black Cat #29 ("Flames Over Hollywood"). Thirteen year old Kit Weston was a circus aerialist, part of the act The Flying Westons. During a performance, the tent is engulfed in flames by the super-criminal The Fire Bug. The Black Cat saves Kit when he’s trapped by the fire on a trapeze platform. However, Kit’s parents are killed in the blaze. Linda Turner volunteers shelter to the orphan until relatives can be found. Later, in order to cheer the despondent youth, Linda appears to him as Black Cat and takes him with her as she trails The Fire Bug. Black Cat corners the villain at the municipal museum and, with Kit’s aid, defeats him. The Fire Bug is revealed to be Orson Arson, a former special effects wizard at Century Studio.
While Linda and Tim debated what to do with Kit, the boy managed through a combination of youthful bravado and his aerialist skills to foil a burglar he caught in the Turner home. Impressed by his skill and energy, Linda takes him into her confidence and reveals her second identity to him. Kit is given a blue unitard with red trunks and a blue cowl with cat’s ears, and assists Black Cat in her last two adventures as “Kitten”.
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