- Political uniform
A number of
political movements have involved their members wearing uniforms, typically as a way of showing their identity in marches and demonstrations. The wearing of political uniforms has tended to be associated with radical political beliefs, typically at the far-rightor more rarely, far-leftof politics, and can be used to imply a paramilitarytype of organization.
A number of countries have legislation banning the wearing of political uniforms. Many also ban members of their police and armed forces from taking part in political activity when in uniform.
In Germany, political uniforms are forbidden.
Political uniforms were forbidden in
Swedenduring the period 1947- 2002. The law existed to prevent neo-Nazigroups from wearing uniforms, which they after 2002can do legally. (see National Socialist Front).
United Kingdom, the Public Order Act 1936, passed to control extremist political movements in the 1930s such as the British Union of Fascists, banned the wearing of political uniforms during marches.
List of parties with political uniforms
Notable uniformed political groups have included:
Brownshirts, a paramilitary organization of the German Nazi party."Blackshirts":
Blackshirts, Fascist paramilitary groups in Italy
British Union of Fascists, a fascist political party of the 1930s in the United Kingdom.
* the Patriotic People's Movement of
The Blueshirts, or Army Comrades Association, an Irish political organisation set up by General Eoin O'Duffy in 1932.
British Fascists, the first avowedly fascist organisation in the United Kingdom.
* the Chinese
Blue Shirt Society, a secret clique within the Kuomintang
* the National Syndicalists in
Silver Legion of America, commonly known as the Silver Shirts, an American fascist organization founded by William Dudley Pelley
Ku Klux Klanin the United States
Green Shirt Movement for Social Creditin the United Kingdom.
The youth sections of some political movements have also been uniformed:
Hitler Youth(the youth wing of the German Nazi Party)
Komsomol(the youth wing of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union)
Political uniforms have sometimes taken the form of headwear:
* Members of the
Provisional Irish Republican Armyand Sinn Féinhave worn black berets in demonstrations
* Black berets are also worn over hoods by members of
* The Black Shorts a parody of fascist uniforms in the Jeeves novels of
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