- Behavioural sciences
Behavioural science (or Behavioral science) is a term that encompasses all the disciplines that explore the activities of and interactions among
organisms in the natural world. It involves the systematic analysis and investigation of humanand animalbehaviour through controlled and naturalistic experimental observations and rigorous formulations. (E. D. Klemke, R. Hollinger, and A. D. Kline, (ed) (1980))
Difference between behavioural sciences and social sciences
The term "behavioural sciences" is often confused with the term "social sciences". Though these two broad areas are interrelated and study systematic processes of behaviour, they differ on their level of scientific analysis of various dimensions of behaviour. Behavioural sciences essentially investigates the decision processes and communication strategies within and between organisms in a social system. This involves fields like
psychologyand social neuroscience, among others.
Social sciencesstudy the structural-level processes of a social system and its impact on social processes and social organization. They typically include fields like sociology, economics, history, public health, anthropology, and political science(As per E. D. Klemke, R. Hollinger and A. D. Kline, eds., 1988).
Categories of behavioural sciences
Behavioural sciences includes two broad categories: Neural-"Decision sciences" and Social-"Communication sciences". Decision sciences involves those disciplines primarily dealing with the decision processes and individual functioning used in the survival of organism in a social environment. These include
psychology, cognitive, organization theory, psychobiology, management science, operations research(not to be confused with business administration) and social neuroscience.
On the other hand, Communication sciences include those fields which study the communication strategies used by organisms and its dynamics between organisms in an environment. These include fields like
Anthropology, Organizational behaviour, Organization studies, Sociologyand Social networks.
Behavioural sciences as integrative sciences
Neural-Decision sciences form the bridge between the behavioural sciences and Cognitive and
natural sciencesthrough creating theories that account for the interaction of bio-physical systems and cognitive processes in decision makingof the organism. Social-Communication sciences form the link between behavioural sciences and social sciencesthrough the interaction of individual cognitive and communication strategies and social-structural processes.
Thus behavioural sciences lies at the crossroads between the
natural sciencesand the social sciences, linking broad areas of scientific exploration. Science
List of academic disciplines
Fields of science
*** Behavioural sciences
History of science
History of technology
George Devereux: "From anxiety to method in the behavorial sciences", The Hague, Paris. Mouton & Co, 1967
Neil J. Smelserand Paul B. Baltes, ed. (2001). " International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences", 26 v. Oxford: Elsevier.
*E. D. Klemke, R. Hollinger, and A. D. Kline, (ed) (1980). Introductory Readings in the Philosophy of Science. Prometheus Books, New York.www.Mithraonline.com
*http://www.mangold-international.com (Software and labs for behavioral research)
*http://www.cpa.ca/ac-main.html (Canadian journal of behavioural sciences)
*https://www.casbs.org/ (Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences -
*http://www.noldus.com (Tools for behavioral research)
*http://www.absame.org (Association for the Behavioral Sciences and Medical Education)
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