Lishenets


Lishenets

A lishenets (Russian: лишенец), from Russian word лишение, "deprivation", properly translated in this context as a disenfranchised, was a person stripped of the right of voting in the Soviet Union of 1918 — 1936. Disenfranchising was a means of repression of the categories of population that were classified as "enemies of the working people".

The 1918 Soviet Constitution enumerated the categories of disenfranchised people:
* Persons who used hired labor to obtain increase in profits
* Persons who have income without doing any work, such as interests from capital, receipts from property, etc
* Private merchants, trade and commercial brokers
* Monks and clergy of all denominations
* Former policemen
* Persons, who have been declared demented or mentally deficient, persons under guardianship, etc.

The 1924 Soviet Constitution and subsequent decrees detailed this list further and added new categories. Being disenfranchised meant much more than simply being disallowed to vote or be elected. A "lishenets" could not occupy any governmental position, or receive higher and technical education. He was deprived of various privileges and subsidies: employment, housing, retirement, etc. He could not be a member of kolkhozes and other kinds of cooperatives. During the rationing system of 1929-1930, disenfranchised were also deprived of rations.

Members of the family whose head was "lishenets" were automatically disenfranchised. The voting rights could be restored by local election commissions upon the proof of engagement in productive labor and of the loyalty to the Soviet power. The ultimate authorities were the Central Election Commission and Presidium of the Central Executive Committee.

The 1936 Soviet Constitution instituted universal suffrage, and the category of "lishenets" was officially eliminated. Nevertheless, for a long time after 1936, Soviet citizens applying for any job had to make a statement if they or their family members were ever deprived of voting right so they still fall into disenfranchised category.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Disfranchisement — (also called disenfranchisement) is the revocation of the right of suffrage (the right to vote) of a person or group of people, or rendering a person s vote less effective, or ineffective. Disfranchisement may occur explicitly through law, or… …   Wikipedia

  • List of English words of Russian origin — Including English, contain words most likely borrowed from the Russian language. Not all of the words are truly fluent Russian or Slavic origin. Some of them co exist in other Slavic languages and it is difficult to decide whether they made… …   Wikipedia

  • Wolf ticket (Russia) — Wolf ticket is a literal translation of the Russian language term волчий билет (volchiy bilet), a colloquial expression to denote a version of a document with restrictive clauses in comparison to the full document. Figuratively, the term remains… …   Wikipedia

  • OZET — (Russian: ОЗЕТ, Общество землеустройства еврейских трудящихся) was public Society for Settling Toiling Jews on the Land in the Soviet Union in the period from 1925 to 1938. Some English sources use the word Working instead of Toiling . Contents 1 …   Wikipedia

  • List of politics topics — NOTOC TopicTOC Politics This is a list of political topics, including political science terms, political philosophies, political issues, etc. Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions. Although the term is generally applied …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.