Paleohispanic languages

Paleohispanic languages

The Paleohispanic languages were the languages used in the Iberian peninsula before Latin became the dominant language. The term does not include the languages with a clear and known foreign origin like Greek or Phoenician.

Some of these languages were documented directly through inscriptions, mainly in Paleohispanic scripts, that date for sure between the 5th century BC, maybe from the 7th century in the opinion of some researchers, until the end of the 1st century BC or the beginning of the 1st century AD.

* Iberian language.
* Celtiberian language.
* Tartessian language (also known as southwestern language or South Lusitanian language).
* Lusitanian language.

Other Paleohispanic languages can only be identified indirectly through toponyms, anthroponyms or theonyms cited by Roman and Greek sources.

See also

* Aquitanian language
* Languages of Spain
* Languages of Portugal
* Iberian Romance languages
* Iberian languages
* Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula


Further reading

* Correa, José Antonio (1994): «La lengua ibérica», "Revista española de lingüística" 24, 2, pp. 263-287.
* Jordán, Carlos (2004): "Celtibérico", Zaragoza.
* Hoz, Javier de (1995): «Tartesio, fenicio y céltico, 25 años después», "Tartessos 25 años después", pp. 591-607.
* Rodríguez Ramos, Jesús (2005): «Introducció a l'estudi de les inscripcions ibèriques», "Revista de la Fundació Privada Catalana per l'Arqueologia ibèrica", 1, pp. 13-144.
* Untermann, Jürgen : Monumenta Linguarum Hispanicarum, Wiesbaden. (1975): I Die Münzlegenden. (1980): "II Die iberischen Inschriften aus Sudfrankreicht". (1990): "III Die iberischen Inschriften aus Spanien". (1997): "IV Die tartessischen, keltiberischen und lusitanischen Inschriften".
* Velaza, Javier (1996): "Epigrafía y lengua ibéricas", Barcelona.

External links

* [ Pre-roman languages and writing systems from Spain and Portugal - Jesús Rodríguez Ramos]
* [ Detailed map of the Pre-Roman Peoples of Iberia (around 200 BC)]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paleohispanic scripts — The Paleohispanic scripts are the writing systems created in the Iberian peninsula before the Latin alphabet became the dominant script. Most of them are typologically very unusual in that they are semi syllabic rather than purely alphabetic,… …   Wikipedia

  • List of writing systems — This is a list of writing systems (or scripts), classified according to some common distinguishing features.The usual name of the script is given first (and bolded); the name of the language(s) in which the script is written follows (in brackets) …   Wikipedia

  • Iberian language — language familycolor=Isolate name=Iberian states=Modern Spain and France region=Mediterranean coast of the Iberian Peninsula extinct=1st 2nd century AD family=Language isolate iso3=xibThe Iberian language was the language of a people identified… …   Wikipedia

  • Vorindogermanisches Substrat — Das vorindogermanische Substrat ist eine Gruppe möglicherweise nicht miteinander verwandter Sprachen, die sowohl in Europa als auch in Asien vor der Invasion der Indogermanen gesprochen wurden. Schon im 18.–19. Jahrhundert wurde die etruskische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lusitanian language — language name=Lusitanian states=Lusitania extinct=2nd century AD familycolor=Indo European iso2=ine|iso3=xlsLusitanian (so named after the Lusitani or Lusitanians) was a paleohispanic language that clearly belongs to the Indo European family like …   Wikipedia

  • Greco–Iberian alphabet — The Greco Iberian alphabet is a direct adaptation of an Ionic variant of a Greek alphabet to the specificities of the Iberian language, thus this script is an alphabet and lacks the distinctive characteristic of the rest of paleohispanic scripts… …   Wikipedia

  • Spanish language — Castellano and Español redirect here. For the village in Italy, see Castellano, Trentino. For people with the surname Castellano, see Castellano (surname). Castilian castellano Pronunciation [kasteˈʎano] Spoken in …   Wikipedia

  • Iberians — The Iberians were a set of peoples that Greek and Roman sources (among others, Hecataeus of Miletus, Avienus, Herodot and Strabo) identified with that name in the eastern and southern coasts of the Iberian peninsula at least from the 6th century… …   Wikipedia

  • Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula — This is a list of the Pre Roman peoples of the Iberian peninsula (the Roman Hispania modern Andorra, Portugal and Spain).Non Indo European*Aquitanians **Aquitani **Autrigones some consider them Celtic… …   Wikipedia

  • Hispania — For other uses, see Hispania (disambiguation). Hispania ← …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.