Newfoundland Pine Marten

Newfoundland Pine Marten
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Mustelidae
Genus: Martes
Species: M. americana
Trinomial name
Martes americana atrata
(Bangs, 1897) [1]

The Newfoundland Pine Marten (Martes americana atrata) is a genetically distinct subspecies of the American Marten (Martes americana) found only on the island of Newfoundland in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada; it is sometimes referred to as the American Marten (Newfoundland Population) and is one of only 14 species native to the island. The Newfoundland Pine Marten is similar in appearance to its continental cousin, but is slightly larger, with darker fur. The Newfoundland subspecies is also observed to inhabit a wider range of forest types than its mainland counterparts. The Newfoundland Pine Marten is currently found in suitable pockets of mature forest habitat, on the west coast of Newfoundland and in and around Terra Nova National Park.[2]


The Newfoundland Marten is considered to be endangered and is protected in Canada under the Species at Risk Act (SARA), the Canada National Parks Act, and the Newfoundland and Labrador Endangered Species Act. The animal was first designated as Threatened in 1986, and was redesignated as Endangered in 1996 and 2000, with an estimated population of 300. The current population of the species is estimated at between approximately 400 and 850 animals, as of April 2007. COSEWIC re-evaluated the species in April 2007, and changed the designation to Threatened.[3]

In 1996, a captive breeding program was started at the Salmonier Nature Park, near St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, producing litters in 1999 and 2002; this program has since ceased. [3] In 1999, four captive-breed martens were released to the wild near Terra Nova National Park.[2]


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • European Pine Marten — This article is about the European Pine Marten. For the North American Pine Marten, see American Marten. For the Newfoundland subspecies, see Newfoundland Pine Marten. European Pine Marten Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Marten — For the Wiltshire village, see Marten, Wiltshire. For the town in Bulgaria, see Marten, Bulgaria. Martes redirects here. For the village in Spain, see Martes, Aragon. Martens redirects here. For other uses, see Martens (disambiguation). Marten… …   Wikipedia

  • Newfoundland (island) — This article is about the island in the North Atlantic Ocean. For the Canadian province of which it is a part, see Newfoundland and Labrador. For other uses, see Newfoundland (disambiguation). Newfoundland …   Wikipedia

  • List of mammals of Newfoundland — This is a list of mammal species recorded in Newfoundland, the island portion of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Only 14 species (and one extinct species) are or were native to the island; this list is divided into native… …   Wikipedia

  • Geography of Newfoundland and Labrador — Newfoundland and Labrador …   Wikipedia

  • American marten — Conservation status Least Concern ( …   Wikipedia

  • American Marten — Taxobox name = American Marten status = LR/lc | status system = IUCN2.3 image width = 250px regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Carnivora familia = Mustelidae genus = Martes species = M. americana binomial = Martes… …   Wikipedia

  • Red fox — For other uses, see Red fox (disambiguation). Red fox Temporal range: Mid Pleistocene–Recent European red fox (V. v. crucigera) Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • American black bear — Temporal range: Late Pliocene Early Pleistocene to recent At Lake Louise, Alberta Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Land and Sea — Infobox Television show name = Land and Sea caption = show name 2 = genre = Documentary creator = director = creative director = developer = presenter = Pauline Thornhill starring = voices = narrated = Pauline Thornhill, Fred Greening theme music …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.