John Hollingshead

John Hollingshead

John Hollingshead (9 September 18279 October 1904) was an English theatrical impresario, journalist and writer during the latter half of the 19th century. He is best remembered as the first manager of the Gaiety Theatre, London. An innovative producer, Hollingshead brought Gilbert and Sullivan together in 1871 to produce their first joint work, a musical extravaganza called "Thespis".

Life and career

Hollingshead was born in the Hoxton area of London, England. He first worked as a bookkeeper for a soft goods company in London in the early 1850s while publishing political essays on finance and social reform.Hollingshead (1895), P. 73] He soon entered into a partnership as a clothing merchant. During this time, Hollingshead and his friend Moy Thomas began publishing a penny paper called "The Mail" that proved unsuccessful. [Hollingshead (1895), P. 83] In 1854, he decided to close his clothing business and begin working as a writer full time. By 1855, Hollingshead was married with two children. [Hollingshead (1895), P. 93] He died in London at the age of 77.

Journalist and author

" during the London famine. He also wrote essays, short stories and dramatic criticism.cite news
work=New York Times
] Beginning in 1864, and for several years thereafter, he contributed to "Punch magazine", mostly writing on political topics related to social reform. [Spielmann, p. 368]

Hollingshead wrote a number of books in the 1850s and 1860s, including "On the canal: a narrative of a voyage from London to Birmingham" (1858); "Under Bow Bells" (1860), [cite book
title=Under Bow bells
author=John Hollingshead
publisher=Groombridge and sons
] "Rubbing the Gilt Off" (a collection of his early political essays (1860) "Odd Journeys" (1860), [cite book
title=Odd journeys in and out of London
author=John Hollingshead
] "Ragged London" (1861, including Hollingshead's reports for the "Morning Post"), [cite book
title=Ragged London in 1861
author=John Hollingshead
] and "Underground London" (1862).

In the 1880s, Hollingshead wrote books mostly about the theatre, including "Plain English" (1880), [cite book
title=Plain English
author=John Hollingshead
publisher=Chatto and Windus
] and "Footlights" (1883). [cite book
author=John Hollingshead
publisher=Chapman and Hall, limited
] Beginning in the 1890s, he wrote a number of memoirs and more books about the theatres that he had managed. In 1892, he also published "The Story of Leicester Square", tracing the history, geography and architecture of the London neighborhood from earliest times through the date of publication. His memoir entitled "My Lifetime", published in 1895, explores his life and career through that date.

Producer and theatre manager

The Alhambra Theatre and theatrical innovations

In the 1860s, Hollingshead turned to theatre management. He helped establish the Alhambra Theatre and was the stage manager there from 1865 to 1868, in addition to producing musical pieces and ballets there. He made it famous for its sumptuous staging, alluring corps de ballet and the notorious front-of-house Promenade bar, where the young ladies of the ballet hinted at more than terpsichorean pleasure. [Stewart, Maurice. 'The spark that lit the bonfire', in "Gilbert and Sullivan News" (London) Spring 2003.]

During his tenure at the Alhambra, Hollingshead introduced London audiences to the Can-Can. [Hollingshead (1895), p. 224] Hollingshead is also credited with inventing the practice of holding general matinées. Hollingshead was also one of the first theatre managers to eliminate fees for programmes and coat check.

He left the Alhambra to manage the newly redesigned Gaiety Theatre. At the Gaiety, in 1878, Hollingshead was the first theatre manager to light his auditorium with electric lights. In addition to managing the Gaiety, as described below, Hollingshead managed shows at the Opera Comique from time to time and produced a revival of Gilbert's "Princess Toto" there in 1881, paired with Rutland Barrington's short play, "Quid Pro Quo". [cite book
title=The Story of the Savoy Opera
author=S. J. Adair Fitz-Gerald
publisher=Kessinger Publishing

The Gaiety Theatre

In 1868, Hollingshead took over the Gaiety Theatre, which had been a large music hall. The auditorium was rebuilt and, under Hollingshead, it becam a venue primarily for musical burlesque, variety, continental operetta, including several operettas by Jacques Offenbach, and light comedy, under Hollingshead's management, from 1868 to 1886. The theatre opened on December 21 1868, with the successful "Robert the Devil", by W. S. Gilbert, a burlesque of the opera "Robert le Diable". [ [ Digital Guide to Gilbert & Sullivan] accessed 01 Mar 2007] Gilbert also wrote "An Old Score" for the theatre in 1870. Another early production was Alfred Thompson's "Columbus, or The Original Pitch in a Merry Key" (1869). [ [ Information about the "Columbus" burlesque] ] Nellie Farren starred in both "Columbus" and "Robert the Devil". She continued as "Principal Boy" at the Gaiety for the next 25 years, first under Hollingshead and then under George Edwardes. Other Gaiety stalwarts were Edward Terry, Kate Vaughan and Fred Leslie. The theatre's music director, Meyer Lutz, composed or arranged the music for many of its most successful burlesques.

plays produced by Hollingshead's company in the early 1870s were "Night and Morning" and "Led Astray". Boucicault's "Don Caesar de Bazan" was travestied in Byron's "Little Don Caesar de Bazan". [ [ Includes a profile of the Gaiety and other Victorian theatres] ]

In the late 1870s, the theatre became the first to install electric lighting on its frontstage. Hollingshead's productions there included "The Bohemian G-yurl and the Unapproachable Pole" (1877), Byron's farce "Little Doctor Faust" (1878) [ [ Information from Footlight Notes website] ] Byron's "Handsome Hernani, or The Fatal Penny-Whistle" (1879); [ [ Information and images regarding "Handsome Hernani, or The Fatal Penny-Whistle"] ] and "Robbing Roy" (1879). Meyer Lutz's "Ali Baba and The Forty Thieves" was performed in 1880 (Hollingshead had produced a highly successful charity production called "The Forty Thieves" at the Gaiety in 1878), and a burlesque of "Aladdin", by Robert Reece, in 1881. These were followed by "Little Robin Hood" (1882), a burlesque by Reece, "Blue Beard" (1882), "Ariel" (1883, by F. C. Burnand, based on "The Tempest"), "Don Yuan", Byron's "Little Don Caesar de Bazan" (a send-up of Boucicault's play), "Mazeppa" (1884), "Little Jack Sheppard" (1885), "Monte Cristo Jr."(1886), and dozens of others. [Plarr, Victor G. "Men and Women of the Time" (1898) G. Routledge, London] In addition to these burlesques, the theatre produced comedies such as Congreve's "Love for Love", Vanbrugh's "Relapse", "The Grasshopper" (1877, an adaptation by Hollingshead of Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy's "La Cigale"), [ [ Information about "The Grasshopper"] ] and a number of farces.

Nevertheless, burlesque and risque operettas were the normal fare at the Gaiety. Hollingshead called himself a "licensed dealer in legs, short skirts, French adaptations, Shakespeare, taste and musical glasses." [ Arthur Lloyd Music Hall site (on Gaiety) "Cuttings"] accessed 01 Mar 2007] In 1886, George Edwards took over the lease to the Gaiety.



*Hollingshead, John. "Alhambra: Theatre of Varieties, Leicester Square" (1893) Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co.: London
*Hollingshead, John. "My Lifetime", 2 vols. (1895) S. Low, Marston: London (available online [ here] )
*Hollingshead, John. "Gaiety Chronicles" (1898) A. Constable & co.: London (available online [ here]
*Hollingshead, John. "Good Old Gaiety: An Historiette & Remembrance" (1903) London:Gaity Theatre Co
*Spielmann, Marion Harry "The History of Punch" (1895) Cassell: London (available online [ here] )

External links

* [ Information about Hollingshead and Whistler]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Hollingshead — is a surname, and may refer to:*Gordon Hollingshead (1892–1952), American movie producer *Greg Hollingshead (born 1947), Canadian novelist *John Hollingshead (1827–1904) English theatrical impresario *Holly Hollingshead (1853–1926), American… …   Wikipedia

  • John Lawrence Toole — Infobox actor bgcolour = name = J. L. Toole imagesize = 220px caption = Toole in the title role in The Don , 1888 birthname = John Lawrence Toole birthdate = birth date|1832|3|12|mf=y location = St Mary Axe, City of London deathdate = death date… …   Wikipedia

  • John Le Hay — Life and careerLe Hay was born in Dublin, Ireland. Early careerAs a young actor, Le Hay traveled with a minstrel troupe, where his gift for ventriloquism was soon evident. He was engaged by Edgar Bruce in 1879 for the Royalty Theatre, where he… …   Wikipedia

  • Holly Hollingshead — John Samuel Hollingshead (January 17 1853 October 26 1926) was a Major League Baseball center fielder, second baseman, and manager in the 19th century.Hollingshead played for the Washington Nationals of the National Association in 1872 and 1875,… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope John Paul II — John Paul II John Paul II in 1993 Papacy began 16 October 1978 Papacy ended 2 April 2005 ( 1000000000000002600000026 years, 1000000 …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Hollingshead — was a British born researcher in psychedelic drugs and hallucinogens including psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide, among others, at Harvard University in the mid twentieth century. He is the father of comedian Vanessa Hollingshead.… …   Wikipedia

  • Beatification and canonisation of Pope John Paul II — Beatification of John Paul II Pope John Paul II reigned as pope of the Roman Catholic Church and sovereign of Vatican City for almost 27 years. Since his death on 2 April 2005, many thousands of people have been supporting the case for… …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Hollingshead — (70°41′S 66°10′E / 70.683°S 66.167°E / 70.683; 66.167) is a large peak about 3 nautical miles (6 km) east of Mount Dowie in the Aramis Range, Prince Charles Mountains …   Wikipedia

  • Nellie Farren — (1848 – 29 April 1904) was an English actress and singer best known for her roles as the principal boy in musical burlesques at the Gaiety Theatre. Born into a theatrical family, Farren began acting as a child. She made her professional adult… …   Wikipedia

  • Gaiety Theatre, London — Infobox Theatre name = Gaiety Theatre caption = The Gaiety Theatre, c. 1905 address = Aldwych city = Westminster, London country = designation = Demolished 1956 latitude = 51.513056 longitude = 0.1175 architect = Bassett and Keeling owner =… …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»