Movement for the Liberation of Congo


Movement for the Liberation of Congo

Infobox DRC Political Party
party_name = Mouvement pour la Liberation du Congo
party_
party_wikicolourid = MLC
leader = Jean Pierre Bemba
foundation = April 5, 2003
(the armed rebel group of the same, and from whch this party was formed was created in September 1998, during the First Congo War)
type = Party
ideology = Nationalism, Populism
international =
président = Jean Pierre Bemba
colours = Blue, Yellow
headquarters = 6,Avenue du Port,
Gombe, Kinshasa
website = [http://www.mlccongo.org/ MLC CONGO]
The Movement for the Liberation of Congo ( _fr. Mouvement pour la Liberation du Congo) is a political party in Democratic Republic of the Congo. It was a rebel group operating in the Democratic Republic of Congo that fought the government throughout the Second Congo War. It subsequently took part in the transitional government and is now the main opposition party. It is often referred to by its original French name Mouvement de Libération du Congo and sometimes Mouvement de Libération Congolais.

During the war, the MLC was backed by the government of Uganda and controlled much of the north of the country, in particular the province of Équateur. It is led by former businessman Jean-Pierre Bemba, who became vice-president following the 2002 peace agreement. The town of Gbadolite is the headquarters of the MLC. The MLC was the primary instrument of Uganda during the war, as the Rally for Congolese Democracy was dominated by Rwanda. As part of the Inter-Congolese dialogue, Brig-Gen Malik Kijege of the MLC was named head of military logistics, while Maj-Gen Dieudonné Amuli Bahigwa was named head of the navy. Two of the DRC's ten military districts were also given to the MLC, and Bemba was allowed to appoint and dismiss the foreign minister of the DRC.

Bemba, as the MLC candidate, came second in the 2006 presidential election, and the party gained 64 out of 500 seats in the parliament - the second highest number for any political party. In the 19 January 2007 Senate elections, the party won 14 out of 108 seats.

Fighting broke out in Kinshasa in March 2007 between the army and Bemba's guards, who were supposed to have been integrated into the army but had not been due to what were said to be concerns about Bemba's security. The army prevailed in the fighting, and Bemba took refuge in the South African embassy. [ [http://www.int.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=68&art_id=nw20070328201145957C587280 "Bemba fighters 'surrender'"] , Associated Press ("IOL"), March 28, 2007.] On April 8, the MLC released a statement in which it said that its headquarters had been occupied by government forces since the fighting and that it was being persecuted through arbitrary arrests and intimidation. [ [http://www.int.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=136&art_id=nw20070408221612455C553348 "DRC opposition party hits out at government"] , AFP ("IOL"), April 9, 2007.] On April 13, the party suspended its participation in the National Assembly (but not in the Senate) due to what it described as a "climate of permanent insecurity". This came shortly after the alleged looting of the home of a MLC member of parliament by government forces. [ [http://www.int.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=136&art_id=nw20070414150316673C333192 "Bemba's party concerned about security"] , Reuters ("IOL"), April 14, 2007.] On April 21, the party was allowed access to its previously-occupied buildings in the capital, which were found to have been plundered. [ [http://www.jeuneafrique.com/fluxafp/fil_info.asp?reg_id=0&art_cle=36391 "RDCongo: les députés de Bemba réintègrent le siège saccagé de leur parti"] , AFP (Jeuneafrique.com), April 21, 2007 fr icon.] On April 25, the party ended its boycott of the National Assembly after Kabila agreed to meet with representatives of the opposition. [Joe Bavier, [http://www.int.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=68&art_id=nw20070425214748327C903491 "Bemba's MLC returns to parliament"] , Reuters ("IOL"), April 26, 2007.] [ [http://www.jeuneafrique.com/fluxafp/fil_info.asp?reg_id=0&art_cle=36467 "RDCongo: retour à l'Assemblée des députés de Bemba, rencontre avec Kabila jeudi"] , AFP (Jeuneafrique.com), April 25, 2007.]

Following the killing of Daniel Botethi, a member of the MLC who was serving as Vice-President of the Provincial Assembly of Kinshasa, the MLC announced on July 6 2008 that it was suspending its participation in the National Assembly, the Senate, and the Provincial Assembly of Kinshasa. [ [http://congoplanet.com/article.jsp?id=45261244 "The MLC suspends its participation in the National Assembly and the Senate"] , "Le Potentiel" (congoplanet.com), July 7, 2008.] The MLC ended this boycott after a week. [Franz Wild, [http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601116&sid=alyey1UrwP1M&refer=africa "Congo Murder Accused Alleges Governor Ordered Hit, Lawyer Says"] , Bloomberg.com, July 18, 2008.]

References

External links

* [http://www.africahome.com/annews/categories/drcongo/EpyEuEAupyGJpwPhuG.shtml President names top officers for unified national military] , 20 August 2003
* [http://www.mlc-congo.net MLC, Official website]


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