Ghost in the Shell


Ghost in the Shell
Ghost in the Shell
Ghost in the Shell.jpg
Front cover of the Ghost in the Shell, volume one, second edition.
攻殻機動隊
(Kōkaku Kidōtai)
Genre Science fiction, Cyberpunk
Manga
Written by Masamune Shirow
Published by Kodansha
Demographic Seinen
Magazine Young Magazine
Original run 19891997
Volumes 3
Anime film
Directed by Mamoru Oshii
Written by Kazunori Itō
Music by Kenji Kawai
Studio Production I.G
Released November 18, 1995 (Japan)
December 8, 1995 (United Kingdom)
March 29, 1996 (United States)
Runtime 80 minutes
Anime and Manga Portal

Ghost in the Shell (攻殻機動隊 Kōkaku Kidōtai?, literally "Mobile Armored Riot Police") is a Japanese multimedia franchise composed of manga, animated films, anime series, video games and novels. It focuses on the activities of the counter-terrorist organization Public Security Section 9 in a futuristic, cyberpunk Japan (Hong Kong in the movie).

The first entry in the franchise was Shirow Masamune's Ghost in the Shell manga, first published in 1989 in Young Magazine. A sequel, Ghost in the Shell 2: Man-Machine Interface, was released in 2002, and a serialized manga, Ghost in the Shell 1.5: Human-Error Processor, which contained material that was planned for but not included in the sequel, was released in 2003.

The manga series has been adapted into two anime films, Ghost in the Shell and Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence; two anime television series, Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex and Ghost in the Shell: S.A.C. 2nd GIG; an OVA sequel of the TV series, Ghost in the Shell: S.A.C. Solid State Society; and three video games: one PlayStation game, one PlayStation 2 game, and one PlayStation Portable game. The films and anime were produced by Production I.G.

Contents

Setting

Cyborg shell

Ghost in the Shell is a futuristic police thriller dealing with the exploits of the cyborg Motoko Kusanagi, a member of a covert operations division of the Japanese National Public Safety Commission known as Section 9. The unit specializes in fighting technology-related crimes. Although supposedly equal to all other members, Kusanagi fills the leadership role in the team, and is usually referred to as "the Major" due to her past rank in the Japanese Self-Defense Forces. She is capable of superhuman feats, and bionically specialized for her job — her body is almost completely mechanized; only her brain and a segment of her spinal cord remain organic.

The setting of Ghost in the Shell is cyberpunk or postcyberpunk, similar to that of William Gibson's Sprawl trilogy. Kusanagi and her colleagues face external threats and also suffer internal conflict over their own natures.

Media

Manga

The first entry in the franchise was Shirow Masamune's Ghost in the Shell manga, first published in 1989 in Young Magazine. A sequel, Ghost in the Shell 2: Man-Machine Interface, was released in 2002, and a serialized manga, Ghost in the Shell 1.5: Human-Error Processor, which contained material that was planned for but not included in the sequel, was released in 2003.

Films

The manga was first adapted into a theatrical anime film adaptation in 1995, titled Ghost in the Shell, directed by Mamoru Oshii. The film was followed by a theatrical film sequel, Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence, produced in 2004, which was also directed by Oshii and places the character of Batou in the lead role. Both were based on storylines from the first manga. The original film was redone in 2008, updating the computer graphics and re-recording the sound in 6.1 surround sound, though some members of the cast had to be changed. The new version premiered on 12 July 2008 in Japan as "Ghost in the Shell 2.0".[1]

[2]

As of 2008, DreamWorks acquired the rights to produce a live-action film adaptation of the original manga with Steven Spielberg. Avi Arad and Steven Paul are confirmed producers; Jamie Moss was originally hired to adapt the manga into a screenplay[3] but in October 2009 it was announced that Laeta Kalogridis had replaced Moss as writer.[4]

TV series

The series has been adapted into an anime series with a total of two seasons and one epilogue film. Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex was written and directed by Kenji Kamiyama and produced by Production I.G, airing on Animax from 1 October 2002 to 25 March 2003 with a total of 26 episodes. The second season titled Ghost in the Shell: S.A.C. 2nd GIG was also written and directed by Kenji Kamiyama and produced by Production I.G. 2nd GIG aired on Animax from 1 January 2004 to 8 January 2005, with a total of 26 episodes.

A film called Ghost in the Shell: S.A.C. Solid State Society, was created after the anime series and directed by Kenji Kamiyama, premiering on the SKY Perfect satellite television network on September 1, 2006. Solid State Society is a sequel to the TV anime series storyline, and so takes place in a separate continuity. It does not connect with either of Oshii's works. Solid State Society was later released in 3D on March 25, 2011.

Video games

A PlayStation game was released in 1997, developed by Exact and published by THQ. A second game bearing the anime TV series title Stand Alone Complex was released in November 2004 on PlayStation 2, developed by SCEJ and Cavia and published by Bandai. A game of the same name developed by G-Artists and published by Bandai was released in 2005 for PlayStation Portable, but this is a sequel to the PlayStation 2 game, with a completely different storyline, setting, and gameplay.

Impact and influence

The Wachowskis, makers of The Matrix trilogy, have commented on the influence of the first Ghost in the Shell film, directed by Mamoru Oshii, on The Matrix.[5] Producer Joel Silver also stated in an interview on The Animatrix DVD that he was shown the Ghost in the Shell movie during a pitch from the Wachowski brothers to indicate the style and look of the film they wanted for The Matrix.

Connections

Ghost in the Shell universe (21st fictional century) has light connection with Appleseed universe (22nd fictional century) (also created by Masamune Shirow). Seburo small arms manufacturer is presented in both universes; the first of bioroids (which are widely presented in Appleseed) had appeared in Ghost in the Shell: S.A.C. 2nd GIG.

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ghost in the Shell — Originaltitel 攻殻機動隊 Transkription Kōkaku Kidōtai …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ghost in the shell — (jap. 攻殻機動隊, Kōkaku Kidōtai) ist ein Manga von Masamune Shirow von 1989, der auch mehrfach als Anime umgesetzt wurde. Die Verfilmung von Mamoru Oshii aus dem Jahr 1995 gilt klassisches Beispiel eines Science Fiction Anime und war (zusammen mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ghost in the Shell — 攻殻機動隊 (Kōkaku kidōtai) Type Seinen Genre Policier, action, cyberpunk Manga : Ghost in the Shell Auteur Masamune Shirow Éditeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ghost In The Shell — 攻殻機動隊 (Kōkaku kidōtai) Type Seinen Genre Policier, action, cyber Manga : Ghost in the Shell Auteur Masamune Shirow Éditeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ghost in the shell — 攻殻機動隊 (Kōkaku kidōtai) Type Seinen Genre Policier, action, cyber Manga : Ghost in the Shell Auteur Masamune Shirow Éditeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ghost in the Shell — Обложка манги. 攻殻機動隊 (ко:каку кидо:тай) Призрак в доспехах (неоф. рус.) GitS, GiS Жанр психология …   Википедия

  • Ghost in the Shell 1.5 — Ghost in the Shell 1.5: Human Error Processor 攻殻機動隊1.5 HUMAN ERROR PROCESSOR (Kōkaku Kidōtai 1.5: Human Error Processor) Género Cyberpunk Manga Creado por Masamune Shirow …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ghost in the Shell 2 — may refer to: *the 2004 anime film . *the 2008 anime film Ghost in the Shell 2.0 , a renewal version of the 1995 film Ghost in the Shell (film) *the anime TV series . *the manga …   Wikipedia

  • Ghost in the Shell — (cuyo título original es Kōkaku Kidōtai, kanji: 攻殻機動隊 , hiragana: こうかくきどうたい ) (1996) es un manga de ciencia ficción cuyo autor es Masamune Shirow. En 1998, se estrenó la película animada basada en la obra original y dirigida por Mamoru Oshii …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ghost in the Shell — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español


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