2nd Marine Division (United States)


2nd Marine Division (United States)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 2nd Marine Division


caption= 2nd Marine Division insignia
dates= *February 1, 1941 - present
country=United States
allegiance=
branch=USMC
type= Infantry division
role= Locate close with and destroy the enemy by fire and maneuver
size=
command_structure= II Marine Expeditionary Force
current_commander= Major Genreal Richard T. Tryon
garrison=Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune
ceremonial_chief=
colonel_of_the_regiment=
nickname=
patron=
motto= Follow Me
colors=
march=
mascot=
battles= World War II
* Battle of Guadalcanal
* Battle of Tarawa
* Battle of Saipan
* Battle of Okinawa
Operation Just Cause
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
notable_commanders= Alfred M. Gray, Jr.
anniversaries=

The U.S. 2nd Marine Division is a division of the United States Marine Corps, which forms the ground combat element of the II Marine Expeditionary Force. The division is based at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.

Subordinate units

As of 2008, the 2nd Marine Division comprises:
* Headquarters Battalion
* 2nd Marine Regiment
* 6th Marine Regiment
* 8th Marine Regiment
* 10th Marine Regiment
* 2nd Assault Amphibian Battalion
* 2nd Combat Engineer Battalion
* 2nd Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion
* 2nd Reconnaissance Battalion
* 2nd Tank Battalion

History

World War II

The 2nd Marine Division was officially organized on February 1, 1941 by change of designation from the 2nd Marine Brigade.

During World War II, the 2nd Marine Division (Headquarters) participated in authorized operations and engagements in the Pacific Theater of Operations:

*The Battle of Guadalcanal, in the Solomon Islands campaign — 4 January to 8 February 1943.
**2d Marines, reinforced: Guadalcanal-Tulagi landings, 7 to 9 August 1942; capture and defense of Guadalcanal, 10 August 1942 to 31 January 1943.
**8th Marines, reinforced: capture and defense of Guadalcanal, 2 November 1942 to 8 February 1943.

*The Battle of Tarawa, in the Gilbert Islands campaign — 20 November to 4 December 1943.

*The Battle of Saipan, in the Mariana Islands campaign — 15 June to 24 July 1944.
*The Battle of Tinian, — 24 July to 10 August 1944.

*The Battle of Okinawa (floating Reserve) — 1 April to 10 April 1945. (Detachment of Headquarters and the 8th Marines, reinforced, from 1 to 30 June 1945).

The 2nd and 8th Marines (reinforced by other units of the 2nd Marine Division) were awarded the Presidential Unit Citation while attached to the 1st Marine Division from 7 August and 4 November 1942, respectively, for the Guadalcanal operation.

The 2nd Marine Division was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, 20–24 November 1943.

1950s through the 1980s

The Division didn't take part in a major action again until 1958 when elements participated in the U.S. intervention into the Lebanon crisis of 1958. 2nd Marine Division units helped to reinforce Guantanamo Bay during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 and landed in the Dominican Republic in 1965 as part of Operation Power Pack. Other peacekeeping operations carried on by the Division include being part of the Multi National Peacekeeping Force in Lebanon from August 1982 until February 1984. The Division suffered the loss of 241 Marines and Sailors during the 1983 Beirut barracks bombing. Towards the end of the 1980s, Division Marines participated in Operation Just Cause, the invasion of Panama.

The Gulf War & the 1990s

The 1990s began with elements of the Division participating in Operation Sharp Edge, the evacuation of American and allied civilians out of war torn Liberia. This was followed by deployments to Saudi Arabia in support of Operation Desert Shield and then the liberation of Kuwait in Operation Desert Storm. Following the war, elements of the Division participated in Operation Provide Comfort.

Global War on Terror

Elements of the 2nd Marine Division deployed to Kuwait in early 2003 to reinforce the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force. These units formed a Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB) and were called Task Force Tarawa. Task Force Tarawa crossed into Iraq on the first day of the ground war with the initial task of seizing Jalibah airfield in southern Iraq. Following this, the Task Force pushed north and took part in a major battle in the town of Nasiriyah. After the war, these Marines were moved north to Al Kut where they provided security and stablization operations in central Iraq.

The 2nd Marine Division returned to Iraq in January 2005 to relieve the 1st Marine Division in Al Anbar province in western Iraq. They remained there conducting security and stabilization operations until early 2006.

Unit awards

A unit citation or commendation is an award bestowed upon an organization for the action cited. Members of the unit who participated in said actions are allowed to wear on their uniforms the awarded unit citation. The 2nd Marine Division has been presented with the following awards:cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
title =Lineage of the 2nd Marine Division
work =
publisher =2nd Marine Division Association
date =
url =http://www.2marine.com/ww2awards.html
format =
doi =
accessdate = 2008-06-08
]

See also

* List of United States Marine Corps divisions
* Organization of the United States Marine Corps

Notes

References

:Marine Corps

;Web
* [http://www.iimefpublic.usmc.mil/public/iimefpublic.nsf/sites/2dmardiv 2nd Marine Division official website]
* [http://www.2marine.com/main.html 2nd Marine Division Association]
* [http://hqinet001.hqmc.usmc.mil/HD/Historical/Frequently_Requested/BattleHonors_6Mar_WWII.htm Battle Honors of the Six Marine Divisions in World War II]


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