- 2nd Marine Division (United States)
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 2nd Marine Division
caption= 2nd Marine Division insignia
February 1, 1941- present
type= Infantry division
role= Locate close with and destroy the enemy by fire and maneuver
II Marine Expeditionary Force
current_commander= Major Genreal Richard T. Tryon
Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune
motto= Follow Me
World War II
Battle of Guadalcanal
Battle of Tarawa
Battle of Saipan
Battle of Okinawa Operation Just Cause Operation Desert Storm Operation Enduring Freedom Operation Iraqi Freedom
Alfred M. Gray, Jr.
The U.S. 2nd Marine Division is a division of the
United States Marine Corps, which forms the ground combat elementof the II Marine Expeditionary Force. The division is based at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.
As of 2008, the 2nd Marine Division comprises:
* 2nd Marine Regiment
* 6th Marine Regiment
* 8th Marine Regiment
* 10th Marine Regiment
2nd Assault Amphibian Battalion
2nd Combat Engineer Battalion
2nd Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion
2nd Reconnaissance Battalion
2nd Tank Battalion
World War II
The 2nd Marine Division was officially organized on
February 1, 1941by change of designation from the 2nd Marine Brigade.
World War II, the 2nd Marine Division (Headquarters) participated in authorized operations and engagements in the Pacific Theater of Operations:
Battle of Guadalcanal, in the Solomon Islands campaign— 4 Januaryto 8 February 1943.
**2d Marines, reinforced:
Guadalcanal- Tulagilandings, 7 to 9 August 1942; capture and defense of Guadalcanal, 10 August 1942to 31 January 1943.
**8th Marines, reinforced: capture and defense of Guadalcanal,
2 November 1942to 8 February 1943.
Battle of Tarawa, in the Gilbert Islands campaign — 20 Novemberto 4 December 1943.
Battle of Saipan, in the Mariana Islands campaign — 15 Juneto 24 July 1944.
Battle of Tinian, — 24 Julyto 10 August 1944.
Battle of Okinawa(floating Reserve) — 1 Aprilto 10 April 1945. (Detachment of Headquarters and the 8th Marines, reinforced, from 1 to 30 June 1945).
The 2nd and 8th Marines (reinforced by other units of the 2nd Marine Division) were awarded the Presidential Unit Citation while attached to the 1st Marine Division from
7 Augustand 4 November 1942, respectively, for the Guadalcanal operation.
1950s through the 1980s
The Division didn't take part in a major action again until 1958 when elements participated in the U.S. intervention into the
Lebanon crisis of 1958. 2nd Marine Division units helped to reinforce Guantanamo Bay during the Cuban Missile Crisisin 1962and landed in the Dominican Republicin 1965as part of Operation Power Pack. Other peacekeeping operations carried on by the Division include being part of the Multi National Peacekeeping Force in Lebanon from August 1982 until February 1984. The Division suffered the loss of 241 Marines and Sailors during the 1983 Beirut barracks bombing. Towards the end of the 1980s, Division Marines participated in Operation Just Cause, the invasion of Panama.
The Gulf War & the 1990s
The 1990s began with elements of the Division participating in
Operation Sharp Edge, the evacuation of American and allied civilians out of war torn Liberia. This was followed by deployments to Saudi Arabiain support of Operation Desert Shield and then the liberation of Kuwaitin Operation Desert Storm. Following the war, elements of the Division participated in Operation Provide Comfort.
Global War on Terror
Elements of the 2nd Marine Division deployed to Kuwait in early 2003 to reinforce the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force. These units formed a
Marine Expeditionary Brigade(MEB) and were called Task Force Tarawa. Task Force Tarawa crossed into Iraq on the first day of the ground war with the initial task of seizing Jalibah airfield in southern Iraq. Following this, the Task Force pushed north and took part in a major battle in the town of Nasiriyah. After the war, these Marines were moved north to Al Kutwhere they provided security and stablization operations in central Iraq.
The 2nd Marine Division returned to Iraq in January
2005to relieve the 1st Marine Division in Al Anbarprovince in western Iraq. They remained there conducting security and stabilization operations until early 2006.
A unit citation or commendation is an award bestowed upon an organization for the action cited. Members of the unit who participated in said actions are allowed to wear on their uniforms the awarded unit citation. The 2nd Marine Division has been presented with the following awards:cite web
title =Lineage of the 2nd Marine Division
publisher =2nd Marine Division Association
accessdate = 2008-06-08]
List of United States Marine Corps divisions
Organization of the United States Marine Corps
* [http://www.iimefpublic.usmc.mil/public/iimefpublic.nsf/sites/2dmardiv 2nd Marine Division official website]
* [http://www.2marine.com/main.html 2nd Marine Division Association]
* [http://hqinet001.hqmc.usmc.mil/HD/Historical/Frequently_Requested/BattleHonors_6Mar_WWII.htm Battle Honors of the Six Marine Divisions in World War II]
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