- Peter Bourne
Dr. Peter Bourne (born 1939) is a
physician, anthropologist, biographer, authorand international civil servant with experience in several senior governmentpositions. He is currently chairman of the board of the American Association for World Health, and Professor and Vice Chancellor Emeritus at St. George's University Medical School, Grenada.
Bourne was born in 1939 in
Oxford, England, where he received his early education at the Dragon School. He graduated with an M.D. degree from Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia in 1962, and received an MA in anthropology from Stanford Universityin 1969. After graduating, he entered the military, serving as a Captain in the United States Army. He was assigned to the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), where he studied the psychological and physiological effects of stress on basic trainees and men in combat. He spent one year in Vietnamas head of the Army's psychiatric research team, where he was awarded the Bronze Star, the Air Medaland the Combat Medical Badge. After returning from Vietnam he was active in the anti-warmovement.
Bourne became active in Democratic
politicsin 1971 when he worked in the offices of the newly elected Governor of Georgia, Jimmy Carter. Bourne was also influential in convincing Carter to run for the Presidency several years later, and became a deputy campaign manager for Carter in Washington.
After setting up and successfully running Georgia's first statewide drug treatment program, Bourne was asked to take a position as deputy in charge of treatment programs in President Nixon's
Special Action Office of Drug Abuse Prevention(SAODAP) in Washington.
Under President Carter, Bourne was appointed special assistant to the President for
healthissues. He resigned this position amid controversyafter NORML director Keith Stroupleaked a story to reporter Jack Anderson that Bourne had snorted cocaineat a NORML Christmas partyin 1977 with Hunter S. Thompsonand David Kennedy.
In 1979 Bourne became an Assistant Secretary-General at the
United Nations, where he established and ran the "International Drinking Water Decade," a ten-year program that provided clean drinking water to 500 million people worldwide. After leaving the UN in 1982 for the private sector, he served on the boards of numerous charities.
In 1995 as an Advisor on
Foreign Policyto US Congressman Bill Richardson, Bourne accompanied him to Baghdadfor a meeting with Saddam Husseinto secure the release of two American aerospace workers who had been captured by the Iraqis after wandering over the Kuwaiti border. Richardson and Bourne subsequently collaborated on a number of such efforts in Iran, the United Arab Emirates, Kenya, and North Korea, where they helped win the release of an American lay preacherwho had crossed to the wrong side of the border.
Dr. Bourne has authored over a hundred articles and written or edited ten
* [http://www.annonline.com/interviews/970423/biography.html Biography: Peter Bourne] , AnnOnline.
* Anderson, Patrick: [http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/lsd/highinamerica1.htm High in America: The True Story Behind NORML and the Politics of Marijuana] .
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