- The Wrong Man
name = The Wrong Man
caption = Original film poster
imdb_id = 0051207
writer = Story:
"The True Story of Christopher Emmanuel Balestrero"
Maxwell Anderson Angus MacPhail
Henry Fonda Vera Miles Anthony Quayle Harold Stone
producer = Uncredited:
released = flagicon|USA
December 22, 1956
runtime = 105 min
budget = US$ 1,200,000
language = English
amg_id = 1:55628
"The Wrong Man" is a
1956 filmby Alfred Hitchcockwhich stars Henry Fondaand Vera Miles. The film is based on a true story of an innocent man charged for a crime he didn't commit, even though witnesses swear he's guilty.
The story was based on the book "The True Story of Christopher Emmanuel Balestrero" by
Maxwell Andersonand the article "A Case of Identity" ( Life Magazine, June 29, 1953) by Herbert Brean.
For many years, it has remained one of Hitchcock's least famous films. However it has had a significant influence on many directors. "The Wrong Man" provoked the longest piece of criticism written by
Jean-Luc Godard. ["Godard on Godard", translated by Tom Milne, Da Capo Press) in his years as a critic; and in "Scorsese on Scorsese"(edited by Ian Christie and David Thompson), it is cited as an influence on Taxi Driver.]
The film examines the life of Manny Balestrero (Henry Fonda), who works as a musician in the
Stork Clubin New York. He and his wife have very little money.
Thus, when his wife needs some dental work, Manny attempts to borrow on her policy at the insurance office.
Unfortunately for him, he closely physically resembles an armed robber who held up the office twice before, so the police are called. Manny is arrested and charged with the crime.
Manny is identified by several witnesses, and he nervously misspells a word in the same way as the word appeared on the robbery note.
We see his travels through the criminal justice system through fingerprinting, line-up, arraignment and so forth.
His defense is that of mistaken identity. He had a swollen jaw during the time of the first hold-up, which the teller never reported but which she would have seen had Manny been the robber. He had played cards throughout the day of the second hold-up, but his alibi defense takes a serious hit when it turns out that his card partner died of natural causes.
Midway through the trial, a juror makes a remark which prompts the judge to grant a mistrial.
The stress of all this has a devastating effect on his wife, who slowly seeps down into depression, to the point where she is institutionalized.
While awaiting re-trial, the real robber is arrested while trying to hold-up another store. Manny is exonerated.
The movie ends with Manny's wife not responding to him from her semi-comatose state, but in a postlogue it is revealed that she recovered later and that the family moved to Florida.
In real life, the defense attorney at the trial was Frank O'Connor (1909-1992). A state senator at the time of the trial, O'Connor went on to become district attornery of Queens County (Queens, New York City), president of the New York City Council, and an appellate court judge. (Obituary, New York Times Dec. 3, 1992)
Alfred Hitchcock's cameo is a signature occurrence in most of his films. In "The Wrong Man" he can be seen (at the beginning of the film) in silhouette standing in a darkened street as he advises the audience the film is a true story. The prison scenes were filmed in a real prison. When Manny (Henry Fonda) is taken to his cell, one of the actual inmates shouts 'What'd they get ya for, Henry?'.
The film was scored by
Bernard Herrmann, who wrote the music for all of Hitchcock's films from " The Trouble with Harry" (1955) through " Marnie" (1964) with the exception of "The Birds", in which Herrmann used only electronic sounds. It is one of the most subdued scores Herrmann ever wrote and one of the few he composed with some jazz elements, primarily to represent Fonda's appearance as a musician in the nightclub scenes.
It was the final film that Hitchcock made for
Warner Brothers, completing a contract commitment that had begun with two films produced for Transatlantic Pictures and released by Warners in the late 1940s, " Rope" and " Under Capricorn" (his first two films in Technicolor). After "The Wrong Man," Hitchcock resumed his work at Paramount Picturesuntil he moved to Universal Picturesfor the remainder of his career. He also made a single film for MGM: " North by Northwest" (1959) - that film has since passed on to WB.
A poster of the film can be seen tacked on a wall inside the home of
Robert Graysmith, played by Jake Gyllenhaalin David Fincher's 2007 film "Zodiac" (co-produced by WB and Paramount Pictures).
Henry Fondaas Christopher Emmanuel "Manny" Balestrero
Vera Milesas Rose Balestrero
Anthony Quayleas Frank O'Connor
Harold Stoneas Jack Lee
*imdb title|id=0051207|title=The Wrong Man
* [http://www.eyegate.com/cine/The_Wrong_Man/ "The Wrong Man" Eyegate Gallery]
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