- John Beckett (politician)
name = John Warburton Beckett
birth_date = 1894
death_date = 1964
office = Member of Parliament
term_start = 1924
term_end = 1929
John Purcell Dickie
James Benjamin Melville
constituency = Gateshead
office2 = Member of Parliament
term_start2 = 1929
term_end2 = 1931
successor2 = Viscount Borodale
constituency2 = Peckham
Independent Labour Party, British Union of Fascists, National Socialist League, British Peoples Party
occupation = soldier, politician
civil partner =
John Warburton Beckett (1894-1964) was a leading figure in British politics between the world wars, both in the Labour Party and
After serving in the army during the
First World WarBeckett set up the National Union of Ex-Servicemen in 1918 to look after the needs of the war veterans (although it was eventually absorbed into the later Royal British Legionhaving failed to gain Labour Party recognition). At this time he also joined the Independent Labour Party, sitting on Hackney council from 1919-1922. He was elected as Labour MP for Gateshead in 1924, moving to Peckham in 1929, after which he served as an ILP whip. In these early years Beckett was considered a close ally of Clement Attlee, alongside whom he had worked as a Labour Party agent before his election to Parliament. He achieved notoriety in 1930 when he lifted the Ceremonial maceduring a Commons debate over the suspension of Fenner Brockway and it had to be wrestled away from him at the door. Beckett opposed Ramsay MacDonald's formation of the UK National Governmentand returned to the ILP fold in 1931, failing to hold his seat, with the vote split between three 'Labour' candidates. Retiring from active politics he visited Italywhere he was impressed by the corporate state that had been set up.
Beckett joined the
British Union of Fascistsin 1934 and before long had risen through the party to become Director of Publications (serving as an editor of bother BUF publications, "Action" and "Blackshirt", for a time). He gained some notoriety for his activism, notably when he was arrested outside Buckingham Palaceduring the Edward VIII abdication crisisand also for being the only BUF activist to win a court case against their opponents, securing £1000 in damages in a slander suit against an anti-fascist organisation (although it disbanded before payment was collected). After initial successes the BUF began to flounder and in 1937 Oswald Mosleysacked Beckett from his salaried position. He soon returned to politics by forming the National Socialist Leaguealong with William Joyce, although his membership did not last long as he left the League in 1938, disillusioned by Hitler. Beckett spent most of the Second World Warin internment but came back afterwards to lead the British Peoples Party. This also proved to be a failure and Beckett drifted away from politics, living in retirement until his death in December of 1964 at the age of 70.
The writer and journalist
Francis Beckett, who has worked for the " New Statesman" and " The Guardian" and also written biographies of Clement Attlee, Laurence Olivierand Nye Bevan [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/JOUbeckett.htm] , is his son.
* Francis Beckett, "The Rebel Who Lost His Cause - The Tragedy of John Beckett MP"
* Robert Benewick, "Political Violence and Public Order",
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
John Beckett — may refer to: * John Beckett (politician) (1894 1964), British Labour Party then far right politician * John Beckett (football) (1892 1981), American college football player * John Archibald Beckett (1906 1947), Royal Air Force airman * John… … Wikipedia
Sir John Beckett, 2nd Baronet — Sir John Beckett, 2nd Baronet, PC, FRS (17 May 1775 – 31 May, 1847), was a British lawyer and Tory politician.Beckett was the son of Sir John Beckett, 1st Baronet (1743–1826), and his wife Mary, daughter of Christopher Wilson. He was also a… … Wikipedia
Beckett — may refer to: NOTOC People * Arthur William à Beckett (1844–1909), English journalist and man of letters * Christopher Beckett, 4th Baron Grimthorpe (1915–2003) * Edmund Beckett, 1st Baron Grimthorpe (1816–1905) * Sir Edmund Beckett, 4th Baronet… … Wikipedia
Beckett Baronets — There have been two Baronetcies created for members of the Beckett family, both in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. Both creations are extant as of 2008. The Beckett Baronetcy, of Leeds in the County of York, was created in the Baronetage of … Wikipedia
John Tyndall (homme politique) — Demande de traduction John Tyndall (politician) → … Wikipédia en Français
Beckett Hall — is a country house at Shrivenham in the English county of Oxfordshire (formerly in Berkshire). The present house dates from 1831.HistoryThis ancient historical manor is first mentioned in the Domesday survey, and acquired by King John in 1204.… … Wikipedia
John McCann (Irish politician) — John McCann (17 June 1905 – 23 February 1980) was an Irish politician, author and journalist. McCann stood unsuccessfully for election at the 1937 and 1938 general elections. He was first elected to Dáil Éireann as a Fianna Fáil Teachta Dála (TD) … Wikipedia
John Lowther, 1st Viscount Lonsdale — John Lowther, 1st Viscount Lonsdale, PC, FRS (25 April 1655 – 10 July 1700 [cite web|url=http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/17111|title=J. V. Beckett, ‘Lowther, John, first Viscount Lonsdale (1655–1700)’, Oxford Dictionary of National… … Wikipedia
John Taylor, Baron Taylor of Warwick — John David Beckett Taylor, Baron Taylor of Warwick (born 1952) is a British politician and Conservative member of the House of Lords. His father was a professional cricketer for the West Indies and his mother was a nurse. Taylor attended Moseley… … Wikipedia
Beckett, Margaret — ▪ 2007 On May 5, 2006, Margaret Beckett became the first woman to hold the post of U.K. foreign secretary and thereby defied repeated predictions over the years that Prime Minister Tony Blair would dismiss her from his cabinet. Beckett, a junior … Universalium