infobox UK place
country = England
population = 21,232 [ [http://www.surreycc.gov.uk/sccwebsite/sccwspublications.nsf/591f7dda55aad72a80256c670041a50d/1c602ea59c869c9180256e600054b26c/$FILE/Town%20populations.pdf Surrey County Council census data] ]
Reigate and Banstead
region= South East England
constituency_westminster= East Surrey
postcode_district = RH6
Horley is a town in
Surrey, England, situated south of the twin towns of Reigateand Redhill, and north of Gatwick Airportand Crawley.
With fast links by train to
Londonfrom Horley railway station, it has grown popular with commuters in recent years. The Horley Master Plan, which was approved by Reigate & Banstead Borough Council in February 2005, will see almost 2,600 new homes, built by Wates and Martin Grant Homes. [ [http://www.reigate-banstead.gov.uk/public/Business_Planning/Projects/Horley/horley_regeneration_plan.asp Horley regeneration Plan] ]
In the past the
Wealdwas a densely forested and marshy area. During Saxon times, the Manor of Horley came under the control of the Benedictine Abbey of St Peterat Chertsey. The Manor passed to Henry VIIIon the dissolution of the monasteriesin 1539 and changed hands several times during the next sixty years.
In 1602 it became the property of
Christ's Hospitalin Londonand the original map of the manor is now held at the Guildhall in the City of London. This shows that Horley consisted of three hamlets around a huge open common. One was around the area occupied by St Bartholomew’s Church and the Six Bells public house; another by the River Mole and the third in Horley Row where some of Horley’s oldest buildings can still be seen.
The Common was enclosed in 1812, new roads were laid and the intervening land was sold. In 1809 and later in 1816, two
turnpikes were introduced to allow the operation of regular coach services from Londonto Brighton. The railwaywas laid in 1841 and a station was built in the town. From that position, and from that date, Horley grew at a slow rate until 1950. Since then its population has doubled.
Horley has one secondary school (Y7-Y11), one primary school (Y1-Y6), two junior schools(Y3-Y6), and three infant schools, as well as close links with schools from
Charlwood, Salfordsand Smallfield/ Burstow. The main secondary school is Oakwood School, on Balcombe Road. There are currently no colleges or sixth forms in Horley, so most students would go to Redhill or Reigate(e.g St. Bede's Schooland Reigate College) or to Crawleyto continue their education.
The town is within the East Surrey constituency, currently represented by the MP
Horley is part of the Borough of Reigate and Banstead but also has a town council. The Town Mayor and Chairman of the Town Council, elected in May 2007 is Councillor Simon Marshall. [ [http://www.horleysurrey-tc.gov.uk/pages/article.aspx?News=118 New Town Mayor for Horley] ]
Horley is the home town of
Horley Town F.C.established in 1898. [ [http://www.horleytownfc.com/ Horley Town FC] ] It also has a cricketclub, a tennisclub, a bowlsclub and a newly formed rugby club. [ [http://www.rugbyinsussex.org.uk/announcement.htm Sussex rugby news] ]
Culture and the Arts
Horley is home to the
Archway Theatre, Britain's only "under the arches" theatre. Located under the arches of the Victoria Road railwaybridge, the theatre consists of a bar, auditorium, studio and rehearsal rooms. The main auditorium seats 95 and the studio seats 40. The company presents 10 full productions each year as well as number of studio events and youth productions
Horley was home to the
Matbroworks which produced forklift trucks from the 1950s to the 1980s and pioneered telescopic handlers. The bright yellow Teleram 40 and Teleram C machines were very popular with farmers and construction companies.
* [http://www.horleysurrey-tc.gov.uk/ Horley Town Council]
* [http://www.archwaytheatre.co.uk/ Archway Theatre Horley]
* [http://www.horleyrescue.com/ Horley Animal Rescue]
* [http://www.horleybaptist.org.uk/ Horley Baptist Church]
* [http://www.horleynow.info/ Horley Community Hub] - Your local information network
* [http://www.horleyhistory.org.uk/ Horley Local History Society]
* [http://www.horleymethodistchurch.org.uk/ Horley Methodist Church]
* [http://www.horleyrow.co.uk/ Horley Row Community Pre-school]
* [http://www.horleysingers.co.uk/ Horley Singers]
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