The Octagon (Roosevelt Island, New York)


The Octagon (Roosevelt Island, New York)
The Octagon
The Octagon, Roosevelt Island, New York
The Octagon (Roosevelt Island, New York) is located in New York City
Location: 888 Main Street, Roosevelt Island, Manhattan, NYC, NY,
Coordinates: 40°46′8.42″N 73°56′38.13″W / 40.7690056°N 73.943925°W / 40.7690056; -73.943925Coordinates: 40°46′8.42″N 73°56′38.13″W / 40.7690056°N 73.943925°W / 40.7690056; -73.943925
Built: 1835
Architect: Alexander Jackson Davis
Architectural style: Octagon Mode
Governing body: Private
NRHP Reference#: 72000880[1]
Added to NRHP: March 16, 1972

The Octagon built in 1834 is an historic octagonal building located at 888 Main Street on Roosevelt Island in New York City. It originally served as the main entrance to the New York City Lunatic Asylum which opened in 1841. Designed by Alexander Jackson Davis, the five-story rotunda was made of blue-gray stone that was quarried on the island. It is the last remnant of the hospital and after many years of decay and two fires was close to ruin. In 2006, a newly constructed residential building was built on the site, modeled on the original structure. It received LEED Silver status from the U.S. Green Building Council in 2008.

Mistreatment of patients at the asylum was the center of the exposé by Nellie Bly in her 1887 book Ten Days in a Mad-House.

On March 16, 1972, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places.[1]

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