- Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev Patriarchate
:"This article should the material from
Patriarch Filaret (Mykhailo Denysenko)."
Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev Patriarchate ( _uk. Українська Православна Церква Київського Патрiархату, "Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan Patriarchate, UOC-KP") is one of the three major Orthodox churches in
Ukraine.According to https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/up.html The World Factbook, 19% of Ukrainian population associated themselves with Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kyiv Patriarchate (cf. Orthodox (no particular jurisdiction) 16%, Ukrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate 9%, Ukrainian Greek Catholic 6%, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox 1.7%)] The church is, however, unrecognized by other canonical Eastern Orthodox churches,cite web|url=http://www.risu.org.ua/ukr/major.religions/uoc_kp/|title=Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan Patriarchate|accessdate=2008-01-13|work=Religious Information Service of Ukraine|language=Ukrainian] including the canonical Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), the other major Orthodox church in Ukraine.
Mother Churchis in the St. Volodymyr's Cathedral in Kiev("Kyiv"), the capital of Ukraine. The current head of the church is Patriarch Filaret (Mykhailo Denysenko), who was enthroned in 1995. Denysenko was excommunicated by the Council of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Churchin 1997, an action, however, which he does not recognize. [ [http://www.sobor2008.ru/417804/index.html] ] According to a poll conducted by the Razumkov Centre, 21.8% of the Ukrainian population responded as belonging to the UOC-KP.
The modern history of the church begins in August 1989, when the parish of the Church of Ss. Peter & Paul in
Lvivannounced its breach with the Russian Orthodox Churchunder the Patriarch of Moscow.Fact|date=June 2007
In June 1990, Metropolitan Mstyslav was elected "
in absentia" as the church's head under the title of the "Patriarch of Kiev and All Rus'-Ukraine". Patriarch Mstyslavwas the last surviving hierarch of the founders of Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church. He was enthroned in November at St. Sophia Cathedral. Patriarch Mstyslav (Skrypnyk)was reposed in June 1993 and was succeeded in October by Patriarch Volodomyr (Romaniuk). Patriarch Volodomyr was later reposed in July 1995. His funeral was held in near the St. Sophia Cathedral in Kievand was marked by a clash between the funeral procession and law-enforcement forces. [cite news|title=1995: The Year in Review|url=http://www.ukrweekly.com/Archive/1995/539512.shtml|work= The Ukrainian Weekly|date= December 31, 1995|accessdate=2008-01-13] [cite web|url=http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_19950720/ai_n13995639|title=Police beat mourners at patriarch's burial|accessdate=2008-01-13|author=Poletz, Lida|date= July 20, 1995|publisher=findarticles.com|work= The Independent] The current head of the church, Patriarch Filaret (Mykhailo Denysenko), was enthroned in October, 1995. His status as head of the church led to a split in the church, in which four bishops left the church with their parishes.Fact|date=July 2007
Since his election as a Patriarch, Filaret remains very active in both church and state politics. He tried to gather around his Church all groups with a nationalistFact|date=July 2007 orientation and all church organizations which did not have canonical recognition.cite web |url=http://web.archive.org/web/20030916003900/http://risu.org.ua/content.php?page_id=48&l=en|title=Patriarch of Kyiv and all Rus-Ukraine Filaret|accessdate=2008-01-13|work=Religious Information Service of Ukraine] On the other hand, he expressed repentance for his past support of prosecution of Ukrainian national churches, the Autocephalous and the Greek Catholic.Fact|date=June 2007
He currently leads the drive for his church to become a single Ukrainian national church. His attempts to gain a canonical recognition for his church remain unsuccessful to this day and a rival Ukrainian Orthodox Church canonically linked to the
Moscow Patriarchateremains the only body whose canonical standing is universally recognized by the Eastern Orthodox communion.
* The Macedonian Orthodox and
Montenegrin Orthodox Churches, which face a similar kind of non-recognition;
Orthodox Church in Italy, which is in full communion with Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Kiev Patriarchy).
Bulgarian Alternative Synod, which is in full communion with Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Kiev Patriarchy).
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