Greek mythology, Glaucus ("shiny," "bright" or "bluish-green") (Γλαῦκος) was the name of several different figures, including one god. These figures are sometimes referred to as "Glaukos" or "Glacus".
Glaucus was a Greek
sea-god. His parentage is different in the different traditions, which Athenaeuslists ( [http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/Literature/Literature-idx?type=turn&entity=Literature.AthV1.p0470&isize=XL&pview=hide Athen. vii. c. 48] , Claud. de Nupt. Mar. x. 158.):
*Theolytus the Methymnaean, in his Bacchic Odes -
Copeus(also records an affair between Glaucus and Ariadne)
*Promathides of Heraclea, in his Half Iambics -
Polybus(by his wife Euboea)
*Mnaseas, in Book III of his History of the Affairs of Europe - Anthedon and Alcyone
*Euanthes, in his Hymn to Glaucus -
Poseidonand the nymph Naias
Ovid, Glaucus began life as a mortal fishermanliving in the Boeotian city of Anthedon. He discovered by accident a magical herb which could bring the fish he caught back to life, and decided to try eating it. The herb made him immortal, but also caused him to grow fins instead of arms and a fish's tail instead of legs (though some versions say he simply became a merman), forcing him to dwell forever in the sea. Glaucus was initially upset by this side-effect, but Oceanusand Tethys received him well and he was quickly accepted among the deities of the sea, learning from them the art of prophecy.
Glaucus fell in love with the beautiful
nymph Scylla, but she was appalled by his fish-like features and fled onto land when he tried to approach her. He asked the witch Circefor a potion to make Scylla fall in love with him, but Circe fell in love with him. She tried to win his heart with her most passionate and loving words, telling him to scorn Scylla and stay with her. But he replied that trees would grow on the ocean floor and seaweed would grow on the highest mountain before he would stop loving Scylla. In her anger, Circe poisoned the pool where Scylla bathed, transforming her into a terrible monster with twelve feet and six heads. In Euripides' play "Orestes", Glaucus was a son of Nereusand says that he assisted Menelauson his homeward journey with good advice. He also helped the Argonauts. It was believed that he commonly came to the rescue of sailors in storms, having once been one himself.
A statue of Glaucus was installed in 1911 in the middle of the
Fontana delle Naiadi, Mario Rutelli'sfountain of four naked bronze nymphs, located in the Piazza Repubblica, Rome.
King of Corinth
Glaucus, usually surnamed Potnieus, from
Potniaenear Thebes, was a Corinthian king, son of Meropeand Sisyphus. He angered Aphrodite, and she angered his horses during the funeral games of King Pelias. In the end, the horses literally tore Glaucus' body apart (ref.: Virgil, "Georgics", Hyginus). His ghostsupposedly was a " taraxippus" ("terrifier of horses") during the Isthmian Games(ref: Pausanias ). He was also the father of Bellerophon.
Glaukos was a son of
Hippolochusand a grandson of Bellerophon. He was a captain in the Lycianarmy under the command of his close friend and cousin Sarpedon. The Lycians in the Trojan Warwere allies of Troy. During the war Glaukos fought valiantly.
In the "
Iliad" (2.876; 6.199), he met Diomedesin the field of battle in face to face combat. In response to Diomedes' challenge to him, Glaukos said that as a grandson of Bellerophonhe would fight anybody. On learning of Glaukos' ancestry Diomedes planted his spear in the ground and told of how his grandfather Oeneuswas a close friend of Bellerophon, and declared that the two of them despite being on opposing sides should continue the friendship. As a sign of friendship Diomedes took off his bronze armor and gave it to Glaukos. Glaukos then had his wits taken by Zeusand gave Diomedes his gold armour.
Glaukos was in the division of Sarpedon and
Asteropaioswhen the Trojans assaulted the Greek wall. Their division fought valiantly, allowing Hector to break through the wall. During this assault Teucershot Glaukos with an arrow, wounding him and forcing him to withdraw from combat. Later, upon seeing Sarpedon mortally wounded, Glaukos prayed to Apollo, asking him to help him to rescue the body of his dying friend. Apollo cured his wound, allowing Glaukos to rally the Trojans around the body of Sarpedon until the gods carried the body away. Later in the war, when the fighting over Achilles' corpse took place, Glaukos was killed by Ajax. His body however, was rescued by Aeneasand was then taken by Apollo to Lycia for funeral rites.
There is also an
asteroid, 1870 Glaukos, named after the Lycian hero.
Glaucus or Glaukos was a son of
Minosand Pasiphaë. One day, Glaucus was playing with a ball or mouseand suddenly disappeared. His parents went to the Oracleat Delphiwho told them "A marvelous creature has been born amongst you: whoever finds the true likeness for this creature will also find the child." They interpreted this to refer to a newborn calf in Minos' herd. Three times a day, the calf changed color from white to red to black. Polyidusobserved the similarity to the ripening of the fruit of the mulberry(or possibly the blackberry) plant, and Minos sent him to find Glaucus.
Searching for the boy, Polyidus saw an
owldriving bees away from a wine-cellar in Minos' palace. Inside the wine-cellar was a cask of honey, with Glaucus dead inside. Minos demanded Glaucus be brought back to life, though Polyidus objected. Minos was justified in his insistence, as the Delphic Oracle had said that the seer would restore the child alive. Minos shut Polyidus up in the wine-cellar with a sword. When a snakeappeared nearby, Polyidus killed it with the sword. Another snake came for the first, and after seeing its mate dead, the second serpent left and brought back a herbwhich then brought the first snake back to life. Following this example, Polyidus used the same herb to resurrect Glaucus.
Minos refused to let Polyidus leave
Creteuntil he taught Glaucus the art of divination. Polyidus did so, but then, at the last second before leaving, he asked Glaucus to spit in his mouth. Glaucus did so and forgot everything he had been taught. The story of Polyidus and Glaucus was the subject of a lost play attributed to Euripides. Glaucus later led an army that attacked Italy, introducing to them the military girdle and shield. This was the source of his Italian name, Labicus, meaning "girdled".
Herodotus, Alyattes, the LydianKing and father of Croesus, gave a salverof welded ironto the Oracle of Delphi. This salver, "the most remarkable of all the offerings at Delphi," was the work of Glaucus of Chios, "the inventor of the art of welding." [ Herodotus, "The Histories", Penguin Classics, 1996, p. 11.]
Glaucus is the title of the journal of the British Marine Life Study Society.Fact|date=March 2007
* [http://www.theoi.com/Pontios/Glaukos.html Theoi Project - Glaukos]
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См. также в других словарях:
Glaucus — atlanticus Glaucus atlanticus Systematik Unterklasse: Heterobranchia Ordnung … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Glaucus — (G. Forster), Gattung der nacktkiemigen Schnecken, die Kiemen bilden jederseits des Körpers drei große, gestielte, fächerförmige Lappen; Art: G. atlanticus, himmelblau, über 1 Zoll lang, in tropischen Meeren … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
GLAUCUS — I. GLAUCUS Antenoris Troiani fil. ab Agamemnone interfectus, Dictys Cretensis. II. GLAUCUS Carystius, pugil es Euboea, qui ex aratro in Olympia productus saepe vicit. III. GLAUCUS Chius, primus ferri glutinum invenit. Eutropius, Euseb. Chron.… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Glaucus — Name of several figures in Greek mythology. One Glaucus was the young son of King Minos; he fell into a jar of honey and died, and the court seer restored him to life with a magic herb. Glaucus Pontius was a sea god; originally a fisherman and… … Universalium
Glaucus — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Glaucus est la forme latinisée du nom grec Glaucos : Glaucos est le nom de plusieurs personnages de l histoire et de la mythologie grecques, et… … Wikipédia en Français
glaucus — (glô kus ) s. m. Genre de mollusques. Se dit aussi de quelques poissons … Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré
glaucus — See glauca … Etymological dictionary of grasses
glaucus — glau·cus … English syllables
glaucus — ˈglȯkəs noun Usage: capitalized Etymology: New Latin, from Latin, gleaming, gray : a genus of slender elongate pelagic nudibranchs with three pairs of lateral lobes see sea lizard … Useful english dictionary