- Het Bildt
official_name = Het Bildt
seal_size = 70px
mapsize = 280px
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
area_footnotes = (2006)
area_total_km2 = 116.51
area_land_km2 = 92.28
area_water_km2 = 24.22
1 January, 2007
population_note = Source: CBS, [http://statline.cbs.nl/ Statline] .
settlement_type = Municipality
population_total = 10963
population_density_km2 = 119
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
Het Bildt (Pronunciation|451 Het Bildt.ogg) is a
municipalityin the province of Frieslandin the northern Netherlands; its capital is Sint Annaparochie. As of 1 November 2006it had a population of 10,975. Het Bildt has 15.4 kilometers of coastline. Its soil is very fertile and agriculture is a major part of its economy; crops grown include onions, potatoes, and a variety of fruits (mainly apples).
Het Bildt was largely settled by Dutch inhabitants from
South Holland; as a result, the language generally spoken there is "Bildts", a dialect that mixes Dutch (as spoken in South Holland) with West Frisian. All three languages - Bildts, Dutch, and Frisian - are spoken in the area.Only in Minnertsga(which did not become a part of the municipality of Het Bildt until 1984) is Frisian the predominant tongue. Signage in Het Bildt is generally bilingual, with names given in both Dutch and Bildts.
The name Het Bildt is formed out of the word "opbilden" which means the silting up of land. Het Bildt should not be confused with the county and town
De Biltfrom the Utrecht province.
Number of inhabitants as of 1 January 2004: Source: CBS
The region now called Het Bildt was formed out of a sea called the
Middelsee(or Bordine) and was at one time subject to serious floods. The Middlesee once separated the western lands from the rest of the Frisian mainland. The western part was called Westergoaand the city of Franekerwas in its center. The eastern part was called Eastergoa. The city Leeuwardenwas located along Eastergoa's western coast. The Middelsee stretched all the way from the north to the west of Bolsward. Earlier it extended still further, all the way to the Zuiderzee(now het IJsselmeer) and Westergoa was an Island only accessible by boat. Around 1300 the sea began to become less accessible to boats. Eventually a dike was raised between the villages Beetgumermolenand Britsumto stop the continuous overflooding. As a result, the area south of this dike was no longer subject to the effects of tides and the parts that weren't already dry became solid land. Westergo and Oostergo were connected. The Swette has been kept as a small river between Leeuwarden and Sneek. After the dike was raised, the northern part of the Middelsee also gradually silted. In 1398 the dry fallen lands were given by the count Albrecht van Beierento Arend van Egmond, Lord of IJsselstein. In 1498, even more land became dry. This trend, caused by the Waddenzee's tide, has continued to the present.
The new dry land consisted of two regions, called "Het Grote Bildt" and "Het Kleine Bildt", and both came under the ownership of the Saxon duke Albert of Saxony-Meissen. He seriously considered converting the whole region into solid dry land but he was out of funds and died within a few years in 1504. The Saxon control of Friesland was by no means secure and was continually threatened by revolts in that province. Consequently Albert's successor Heinrich of Saxony, who was of a rather inert disposition, relinquished his claims to the governorship, and in 1505 an agreement was made between Albert's two sons by which Friesland was transferred to Heinrich's brother, George of Saxony, while Heinrich received an annuity and the districts of
In June 1505, Duke George of Saxony signed an eleven year farming-lease-agreement with the noble brothers from
Zuid-Holland, Dirk van Wijngaarden, Floris van Wijngaarden, and Jakob Oem van Wijngaarden, and their brother in law Thomas Beukelaar. The brothers started the project in 1505 but in the years that followed the dykes they had laid could still not prevent the tides from flooding the land. After receiving money from George of Saxony and hiring the help of two nobles, misters Davelaer and Bontemantel, they accomplished the immense task of dyking the area properly. "Het Bildt" was diked by a 14-kilometer-long dike which was fashioned purely by hand, spade, boats, and mud. This work was accomplished by many workmen from three Dutch provinces: Zuid-Holland, Zeeland, and Friesland. The area was mathematically planned and consists of straight, parallel roads pointing from south to north or east to west.
Along the main road three villages were formed. They are named Wijngaarden, Altoenae, and Kijfhoek, after the villages (
Wijngaarden, Altoenaeand Kijfhoek) in Zuid Holland, the province from which most of the workers came. In time the villages formed Catholic parishes (parochie) and the names of these parishes eventually were used as the names for these villages. Since then the villages have been called Sint Jacobiparochie, Sint Annaparochieand Vrouwenparochie. George of Saxony was unable to suppress the revolts of the Schieringersand Gelderschen(who formed a pact) and in 1514 he was required to hand over the whole Bildt area to the Count of Holland and Zeeland, with the permission of Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor.
When the "
Republic of the Seven United Netherlands" fought and freed itself from Spain, Het Bildt became the 29th countyof Friesland. Eventually, it was decided that the area north of the dike would also be diked; this was done in 1600. The new dike was called the " Nieuwe Bildtdijk" and the old 14-kilometer-long dike was called " Oude Bildtdijk". The area in between was called "Nij Bildt" and in 1637 was sold because the Frisian province was short on money. It is claimed that the caracteristic Frisian farmhouses which can be seen throughout Friesland originated in Het Bildt. The former Zuid-Hollandprovince inhabitants brought the design with them and it was later exploited for use all over the Frisian province (though the typical Bildts farmhouses do vary from Frisian farmhouses).In 1715 another western area was diked, named the " Wester Bildtpollen". On 12 March 1751the rest of this area was also sold. In 1754 the eastern part, the " Ooster Bildtpollen" was diked.
Today the "Oude Biltdijk" and the "Nieuwe Bildtdijk" are both covered with roads and houses; the road that runs across the old 14 kilometer long dike is the longest in the Netherlands.
* [http://www.hetbildt.nl Official Website]
* [http://www.bildtweb.nl Almost all websites on het Bildt]
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См. также в других словарях:
Het Bildt — Héraldique … Wikipédia en Français
Het Bildt — Gemeinde Het Bildt Flagge Wappen Provinz Friesland Bürgermeiste … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gemeente het Bildt — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Gemeente het Bildt Country and Admin Code NL.02.0063 NL … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Bildt — may refer to:Family*An old Norwegian Danish Swedish noble family traditionally domiciled in Bohus county.People*Carl Bildt, a former Prime Minister of Sweden (1991 1994) and present Minister of Foreign Affairs (2006 ) *Gillis Bildt, a former… … Wikipedia
Bildt — steht für: Het Bildt, eine niederländische Gemeinde Bildt ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Carl Bildt (* 1949), schwedischer Politiker und Premierminister Eva Bildt (1916 1945), deutsche Schauspielerin Gillis Bildt (1820–1894),… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Het — or HET can refer to:* acronyms: ** Heavy Equipment Transporter, a military vehicle ** Historical Enquiries Team, set up to review unsolved murders during the Northern Ireland Troubles ** Hobby Eberly Telescope at The University of Texas McDonald… … Wikipedia
Jan Pieters van der Bildt — (Jan Kunst) (* 17. September 1709 in Vrouwenparochie/Froubuorren, Het Bildt; † 27. April 1791 in Franeker, Provinz Friesland) war ein friesischer Instrumentenbauer, der über 550 Teleskope fertigte. Siehe auch Sint Annaparochie in Het Bildt… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sint Annaparochie — Gemeinde Het Bildt Flagge Wappen Provinz … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sint-Annaparochie — 53°16′35″N 5°39′26″E / 53.27639, 5.65722 … Wikipédia en Français
Minnertsga — 53°15′3″N 5°35′42″E / 53.25083, 5.595 … Wikipédia en Français