- Walter Citrine, 1st Baron Citrine
Walter McLennan Citrine, 1st Baron Citrine GBE, PC (
August 22, 1887, Wallasey- January 22, 1983, Brixham) was a British trade unionistand politician.
Citrine was an electrician by trade, becoming
MerseyDistrict secretary of his trade union, the Electrical Trades Union, in 1914. Twelve years later he became General Secretary of the Trade Union Congress, holding the post for twenty years, including through World War II. He was also president of the International Federation of the Trade Unions1928-45 and president of the World Trade Union Conference in 1945.
Citrine strengthened the TUC's influence over the Labour Party. He opposed plans by the Labour Government in 1931 to cut unemployment benefits and as a result led the campaign to have
Ramsay MacDonaldexpelled from the party. He supported Clement Attlee's government's policy of nationalisation and served on the National Coal Boardand served as chairman of the Central Electricity Board1947-57. He was granted a peerage in 1947.
Citrine was the author of "The ABC of Chairmanship", regarded by many in the labour movement as the "bible" of committee chairmanship. His autobiography "Men and Work" was published in 1964.
Citrine's personal papers are held at the
London School of Economics.
World War II
Policies during WWII
In December 1939 Citrine met with French Labour Minister
Charles Pomaretin Paris, after which Britain and France set wage policies to favor wartime production goals. This brought condemnation from the anti-warleft.
Citrine sued the "Daily Worker" after it accused him and his associates of "plotting with the French Citrines to bring millions of Anglo-French Trade Unionists behind the Anglo-French imperialist war machine." The case turned into a display of the "Daily Worker's" editorial position as being directed from the
Soviet Union. [cite web | url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,884032,00.html |title=Reds, Labor and the War|date=May 13, 1940|publisher=TIME]
Finlandat the height of the Winter Waras a part of a British Labour delegation. He left Britain on 21 January 1940and returned on 8 February 1940. [Citrine, 1940] He interviewed many people ranging from General Mannerheim to Russian prisoners. He visited the front line near the Summa sector of the Mannerheim line[Citrine, 1940, p190] He wrote a popular account of his brief visit in "My Finnish Diary".
last = Citrine
first = Walter
title = My Finnish Diary
publisher = Penguin
year = 1940
* [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/TUcitrine.htm Walter Citrine biography]
* [http://archives.lse.ac.uk/dserve.exe?dsqServer=lib-4.lse.ac.uk&dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqDb=Catalog&dsqCmd=Overview.tcl&dsqSearch=(RefNo='citrine') Walter Critrine holdings at London School of Economics archives]
* [http://www.angeltowns.com/town/peerage/ Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Citrine, Walter McLennan Citrine, 1st Baron — ▪ British labour leader also called (1935–46) Sir Walter Citrine born Aug. 22, 1887, Liverpool, Eng. died Jan. 22, 1983, Brixham, Devon English trade union leader and general secretary of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) from 1926 to 1946 … Universalium
Baron Citrine — Baron Citrine, of Wembley in the County of Middlesex, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1946 for the prominent trade unionist Sir Walter Citrine. He was General Secretary of the TUC from 1925 to 1946. As of 2007… … Wikipedia
Citrine (disambiguation) — Citrine is a yellow variety of quartz; it may also refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Fictional characters 3 Other uses … Wikipedia
Citrine — For the politician of this name, see Walter McLennan Citrine, 1st Baron Citrine, for the GFP protein derivative, see Yellow fluorescent protein . Citrine is a variety of quartz. It ranges in color from a pale yellow to brown. Citrine has ferric… … Wikipedia
List of Privy Counsellors (1936–1952) — This is a List of Privy Counsellors of the United Kingdom appointed between the accession of King Edward VIII in 1936 and the death of King George VI in 1952. = Edward VIII, = *Sir Akbar Hydari (1869–1942) *Sir George Edward Rich (1863–1956)… … Wikipedia
Trades Union Congress — ➡ TUC. * * * ▪ British organization national organization of British trade unions. Although it is the sole national trade union, three other related bodies also exist: the Scottish Trades Union Congress, the Wales Trade Union Council, and… … Universalium
Winston Churchill — For other uses, see Winston Churchill (disambiguation). Churchill redirects here. For other uses, see Churchill (disambiguation). The Right Honourable Sir Winston Churchill … Wikipedia
Winston Churchill in politics: 1900–1939 — Winston Churchill (third from right), as the British Colonial Secretary, in Ottoman Damascus, 1912 Winston Churchill in politics: 1900 to 1939 documents the career of Winston Churchill in Parliament from its beginning in 1900 to the start of his… … Wikipedia
Winston Churchill — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Winston Churchill (homonymie). Winston Churchill … Wikipédia en Français
jewelry — /jooh euhl ree/, n. 1. articles of gold, silver, precious stones, etc., for personal adornment. 2. any ornaments for personal adornment, as necklaces or cuff links, including those of base metals, glass, plastic, or the like. Also, esp. Brit.,… … Universalium