Abram Stevens Hewitt


Abram Stevens Hewitt

Infobox Person
name = Abram Stevens Hewitt



caption =
birth_date = 1822
birth_place = Haverstraw, New York, USA
dead=dead
death_date = 1903
death_place =

Abram Stevens Hewitt (1822 – 1903) was a teacher, lawyer, an iron manufacturer, U.S. Congressman, and a mayor of New York. He was the son-in-law of Peter Cooper (1791-1883), a famous American industrialist, inventor, philanthropist and (during the Hayes-Tilden campaign) chairman of the Democratic National Committee.

Childhood, education

Hewitt was born in Haverstraw, New York. His mother was of French Huguenot descent and his father, John Hewitt, was from Staffordshire in England, and had emigrated to the U.S. in 1790 to work on a steam engine to power the water plant in Philadelphia.

Hewitt worked his way through and graduated from Columbia College in 1842. He taught mathematics at the school, and became a lawyer several years later.

Fate, family

From 1843 to 1844, Hewitt traveled to Europe with his student, Edward Cooper, another future New York City mayor. During their return voyage, the pair were shipwrecked together. After this, Hewitt became "virtually a member of the Cooper family", and in 1855 married Edward's sister, Sarah Amelia. [The Dictionary of American National Biography", Oxford University Press, (2000) [http://www.ringwoodmanor.com/peo/ch/abram/ah.htm Cooper Hewitt Family at Ringwood Manor ] at www.ringwoodmanor.com]

Edward and Sarah Cooper's father was inventor and industrialist Peter Cooper who had erected a rolling mill and an iron mill in New York City. There, he was the first to successfully use anthracite coal to puddle iron.

Business, civic leader, reformer

In 1845, Peter Cooper he moved his machinery to Trenton, New Jersey, where he built the largest rolling-mill in the United States for producing railroad iron. Abram Hewitt joined Edward Cooper in running the Trenton Iron Company, where, in 1854, they produced the first structural wrought iron beams. Hewitt was known for dedicated work for the U.S. government and exceptionally good relations with his employees, and helped his father-in-law found the Cooper Union.

In 1871, he was prominent in the reorganization of New York's Tammany Hall government after the fall of the "Tweed Ring" led by the infamous Boss Tweed. His most famous speech was made at the opening of the Brooklyn Bridge between Manhattan Island and Brooklyn in 1883. In 1886, he was elected mayor of New York City, defeating United Labor candidate Henry George through what many of George's supporters believed was fraud; a young Theodore Roosevelt came in third that year.

Although his political alliances varied from one part and faction to another during a career in city, state, and national politics, Hewitt was considered a consistent defender of sound money practices and civil service reform. He was conspicuous for his public spirit, and developed an innovative funding and construction plan for the New York City subway system.

Natural resources

Hewitt had many investments in natural resources, including considerable holdings in West Virginia, where William Nelson Page (1854-1932) was one of his managers. He was also an associate of Henry Huttleston Rogers (1840-1909), a famed financier and industrialist who was a key man in the Standard Oil Trust, and major developer of natural resources. One of Hewitt's investments handled by Rogers and Page was the Loup Creek Estate in Fayette County, West Virginia. The Deepwater Railway was a subsidiary initially formed by the Loup Creek investors to ship bituminous coal from coal mines on their land a short distance to the main line of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O) along the Kanawha River. After rate disputes, the tiny short line railroad was eventually expanded to extend all the way into Virginia and across that state to a new coal pier at Sewell's Point on Hampton Roads. Planned secretly right under the noses of the large railroads, it was renamed the Virginian Railway and was also known as the "richest little railroad in the world" for much of the 20th century.

Philanthropy

As a philanthropist, Hewitt was especially interested in education. Columbia University gave him the degree of LL.D. in 1887, and he was the president of its alumni association in 1883, and was a trustee from 1901 until his death. In 1876 he was elected president of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, and was a founder and trustee of the Carnegie Institution. He was also a trustee of Barnard College and of the American Museum of Natural History.

His most famous quotation is "Unnecessary taxation is unjust taxation."

Subways

Hewitt is best known for his work with the Cooper Union and in planning the financing and construction of a subway system for New York City, and is considered the "Father of the New York City Subway System".

Death

Hewitt died in 1903, and was interred at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York. His last words were, "And now, I am officially dead." He said this after he took his oxygen tube from his mouth.

Legacy

* [http://www.ringwoodmanor.com Ringwood Manor] in Ringwood, New Jersey, the Hewitt family's summer estate from 1857 to the 1930s, is preserved as the centerpiece of New Jersey's Ringwood State Park.
* Abram Stevens Hewitt School (P.S. 130) in the Bronx, New York was named for him.
*One of Cooper Union's academic buildings is named in his honor. This building is soon expected to be demolished and replaced with a [http://www.cooper.edu/cubuilds/index.html "New Academic Building"] .

The historic Stanford White-designed column in the Hewitt Building is slated for removal Saturday, January 27, 2007 between 10 a.m. and noon EST. The nearly 20-foot column will be transported - appropriately enough - back to its former home at Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn, where it will grace Abram S. Hewitt's memorial plot.

*A famous New York City fireboat "Abram S. Hewitt" which served from 1903 until 1958 was named in his honor. Rossville, Staten Island#Staten Island Boat Graveyard
*There is a life-size white marble statue of Hewitt in the Great Hall of the Chamber of Commerce of the State of New York in Albany, New York.
*A [http://www.state.nj.us/dep/parksandforests/parks/abram.html New Jersey State Forest] along the Appalachian Trail was named in his honor.
*Hewitt's daughters Amy, Eleanor, and Sarah Hewitt founded the Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum.
*Hewitt's son Peter Cooper Hewitt was a successful inventor. His son Edward Ringwood Hewitt was also an inventor and a chemist. He was an early expert on fly fishing and published "Telling on the Trout", among other books. And his youngest son, Erkine Hewitt, was a lawyer and philanthropist in New York City. He donated Ringwood Manor to the State of New Jersey in 1936.
*The historic Village of Hewitt, NJ, located within the Township of West Milford, is preserved within the [http://www.LongPondIronworks.org Long Pond Ironworks] State Park. The village contains the ruins of the iron smelting furnaces operated by Cooper and Hewitt. The Hewitt, NJ, post office also still exists, but is now located several miles distant from the location of the original village.

References

*1911


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