Prince of Wales Theatre


Prince of Wales Theatre

Infobox Theatre
name = Prince of Wales Theatre



caption = Prince of Wales Theatre
address = Coventry Street
city = Westminster, London
country =
designation = Grade II
latitude = 51.510278
longitude = -0.130278
architect = C.J. Phipps
owner = Delfont Mackintosh Theatres
capacity = 1,100
type = West End theatre
opened = January 1884
yearsactive =
rebuilt = 1937 Robert Cromie
closed =
othernames =
production = Mamma Mia!
currentuse =
website = www.delfontmackintosh.co.uk
The Prince of Wales Theatre is a West End theatre on Coventry Street, near Leicester Square in the City of Westminster. It was established in 1884 and rebuilt in 1937, and extensively refurbished in 2004 by Sir Cameron Mackintosh, its current owner. The theatre should not be confused with the former Scala Theatre in Charlotte Street, off Tottenham Court Road that was known as the "Prince of Wales Royal Theatre" or "Prince of Wales's Theatre" from 1865 until its demolition in 1903.

History

Phipps' theatre

The first theatre on the site opened in January 1884 when C.J. Phipps built the "Prince's Theatre" for actor-manager Edgar Bruce. It was a traditional three-tier theatre, seating just over 1,000 people. The theatre was renamed the "Prince of Wales Theatre" in 1886 after the future Edward VII. Located between Piccadilly Circus and Leicester Square, the theatre was favourably situated to attract theatregoers.

, where it moved in 1888. The wordless mime play "L'Enfant Prodigue" premiered in 1891 which, together with "A Pierrot's Life" in 1897, brought respectability to mime troupes in Britain.

George Edwardes' musical play, "In Town", often considered the first English musical comedy, was presented at the theatre in 1892 and was followed by Edwardes' even more successful "A Gaiety Girl" in 1893. In 1895, Basil Hood's "Gentleman Joe, the Hansom Cabby" began a long run starring the low comedian, Arthur Roberts, in the title role. The theatre then began to present straight plays with Maeterlinck's "Pelléas et Mélisande" (1898) and Wills's adaptation of Dickens' "A Tale of Two Cities" as "The Only Way" (1899, also starring Harvey). Charles Hawtrey starred in the successful "A Message from Mars" (1901). In 1900-01, Marie Tempest played the title roles in the play "English Nell" (based on Simon Dale's novel about Nell Gwynn), "Peg Woffington", a dramatization of Charles Reade's novel, as well as Becky Sharp in a dramatization of Thackeray's "Vanity Fair".

" (1917).

The theatre then hosted plays such as Avery Hopwood's farce "Fair and Warmer" (1918) and Ivor Novello's "The Rat" (1924, Novello's first play, in which he also starred), and revues including "A to Z" (1921), "Co-Optimists" (1923), and "Charlot's Revue" (1924). They starred Gertrude Lawrence, Jack Buchanan, Beatrice Lillie, Stanley Holloway, and Jessie Matthews. These were followed by "The Blue Train" (1927), "Alibi" (1928, directed by Gerald du Maurier with Charles Laughton as Hercule Poirot), "By Candlelight" (1928), and "Journey's End" (1929). In 1930, Edith Evans became the manager at the theatre, presenting and starring in "Delilah", which was not a success. Beginning in 1932, the theatre presented a series of risqué "Folies"-style revues, including "Voila! Les Dames" (1935) and its last production, "Encore les Dames" (1937). These shows were so successful that they funded the rapid rebuilding of the theatre in 1937.

Cromie's theatre

After 50 years, the theatre's 800 seats were deemed insufficient for productions of the day, and it was demolished. On 17 June 1937, Gracie Fields sang to the workmen as she laid the foundation stone of the new Art Deco-decorated theatre, designed by Robert Cromie, and the theatre opened on 27 October that year. The new theatre's seating capacity was about 1,100, and it had a larger stage and improved facilities for both the artists and the public, including a large, stylish stalls bar (the bar itself was 14 metres long), complete with dance floor. The first productions at the new theatre were "Les Folies de Paris et Londres", starring George Robey, followed by "Folies De Can-Can" in 1938, a continuation of the old theatre's series of successful risqué revues, which ran continuously until 2am every night. The musical comedy, "Present Arms", was offered in 1940, and in 1941 the theatre screened the UK premiere of Charlie Chaplin's "The Great Dictator". The film had been banned in many parts of Europe, and the theatre's owner, Alfred Esdaile, was fined for showing it [citation|last = Prince of Wales Theatre|title= Theatre Programme, Mama Mia!|place = London (2007)|Year = 2007] .

In 1943, "Strike a New Note" was notable for Sid Field's London debut, and he returned to the theatre in "Strike it Again" (1944), and yet again in "Piccadilly Hayride" (1946, a revue that ran for 778 performances) [Many sketches and reviews from these shows appeared in the first British TechniColour film, "London Town" (1946)] . In 1949, "Harvey", Mary Coyle Chase's comedy about an imaginary rabbit, was a success, as was "Diamond Lil" in 1948 starring Mae West. In the 1950s, the theatre hosted variety and revues, starring such famous performers as Norman Wisdom, Peter Sellers, Bob Hope, Gracie Fields, Benny Hill, Hughie Green, Frankie Howerd, and Morecambe and Wise. In 1959, Paul Osborn's "The World of Susie Wong" became the theatre's longest running play to date with 832 performances.

Neil Simon's play, "Come Blow Your Horn", starring Michael Crawford, played in 1962, followed by a season of Martha Graham's dance company, including the world première of her ballet "Circe". Next was a string of Broadway musicals, including "Funny Girl" in 1966 with Barbra Streisand, "Sweet Charity" (1967), and "Promises, Promises" (1969). "The Threepenny Opera" was revived in 1972. In 1976, Bernard Slade's "Same Time, Next Year" was a hit, as was "I Love My Wife" (1977), and "Bedroom Farce" (1978). In 1982, "Underneath the Arches" was a long-running hit. Andrew Lloyd Webber's "Aspects of Love" (1989) smashed all previous box-office records at the theatre, running for 1,325 performances. More recent productions are listed below.

Refurbishment was carried out in 2004 to increase the seating capacity slightly to 1,160 seats and to modernise the theatre's facilities. New bars were added, the auditorium completely rebuilt, the backstage areas refurbished and the theatre's famous tower and exterior completely gutted and refurbished with new LED lighting and a crisp modern finish.

The theatre re-opened with its present show, ABBA's musical "Mamma Mia!" on 16 April 2004. On 18 August 2007, "Mamma Mia!" became the longest running show ever at the Prince of Wales, overtaking the previous record held by "Aspects of Love" with 1,326 performances at the venue and counting. The production marked another landmark on Thursday 23 August 2007, celebrating its 3,500th performance since its 1999 world première at the Prince Edward Theatre in Old Compton Street, London.

The theatre was grade II listed by English Heritage in April 1999 [ [http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?pid=2&id=473926 English Heritage listing details] accessed 28 April 2007] .

Recent and present productions

* "It's Magic" (10 December 1980 - 6 February 1982)
* "South Pacific" (20 January 1988 - 14 January 1989)
* "Aspects of Love" (17 April 1989 - 20 June 1992)
* "Annie Get Your Gun (musical)" (November - December 1992)
* "Copacabana" (23 June 1994 - 9 September 1996)
* "Smokey Joe's Cafe" (23 October 1996 - 3 October 1998)
* "West Side Story" (January 1999 - September 1999)
* "Rent" (November 1999 - January 2000)
* "Fosse" (8 February 2000 - 6 January 2001)
* "The Witches of Eastwick" (23 March 2001 - 27 October 2001)
* "The Full Monty" (March 2002 - October 2002)
* "Rent" (October 2002 - March 2003)
* "Cliff - The Musical" (March 2003 - June 2003)
* "Mamma Mia!" (9 June 2004 - )

References

*"Guide to British Theatres 1750-1950", John Earl and Michael Sell pp. 133 (Theatres Trust, 2000) ISBN 0-7136-5688-3
* [http://www.arthurlloyd.co.uk/Archive/November/NovemberIndex.htm Prince of Wales Theatre Feature]
* [http://www.delfontmackintosh.co.uk/theatres/prince-of-wales/history.php History of the theatre]
* [http://www.arthurlloyd.co.uk/PrinceOfWalesTheatre.htm Article on the theatre's history]
* [http://www.arthurlloyd.co.uk/Archive/November/one.htm More information about the theatre's history]

Nearby tube stations

*Leicester Square
*Piccadilly Circus

External links

* [http://www.delfontmackintosh.co.uk/ Delfont Mackintosh Theatres]
* [http://www.thisistheatre.com/shows/princeofwalesshows.html Theatre History]


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