- Arcadia (utopia)
:"This page is about the proverbial land of Arcadia; for the province in modern Greece, see
Arcadia; for other uses see arcadia (disambiguation)"Arcadia (Greek: "polytonic|Ἀρκαδία") refers to a Utopian vision of pastoralismand harmony with nature. The term is derived from the Greek province of the same name which dates to antiquity; the province's mountainous topography and sparse population of pastoralists later caused the word "Arcadia" to develop into a poetic byword for an idyllic vision of unspoiled wilderness. The Utopian vision, Arcadia, is associated with bountiful natural splendor, harmony, and is often inhabited by shepherds. The concept also figures in Renaissance mythology.
The inhabitants were often regarded as having continued to live after the manner of the
Golden Age, without the pride and avarice that corrupted other regions. [Bridget Ann Henish, "The Medieval Calendar Year", p96, ISBN 0-271-01904-2] It is also sometimes referred to in English poetry as Arcady. The inhabitants of this region bear an obvious connection to the figure of the Noble savage, both being regarded as living close to nature, uncorrupted by civilization, and virtuous.
Arcadia in antiquity
According to Greek mythology,
Arcadiaof Peloponnesuswas the domain of Pan, the virgin wilderness home of the god of the forest and his court of dryads, nymphs and other spirits of nature. It was a version of paradise, though only in the sense of being the abode of supernatural entities, not an afterlife for deceased mortals.Arcadia has remained a popular artistic subject since antiquity, both in visual arts and literature. Images of beautiful nymphs frolicking in lush forests have been a frequent source of inspiration for painters and sculptors. Greek mythology inspired the Roman poet Virgilto write his " Eclogues", a series of poems set in Arcadia. As a result of the influence of Virgil in medieval European literature (see, for example, " The Divine Comedy"), "Arcadia" became a symbol of pastoralsimplicity. European Renaissance writers (for instance, the Spanish poet Garcilaso de la Vega) often revisited the theme, and the name came to apply to any idyllic location or paradise. Unlike the word " utopia" (named for Thomas More's book, "Utopia)", "Arcadia" does not carry the connotation of a human civilization; Arcadia is presented as the spontaneous result of life lived naturally, uncorrupted by civilization.
Of particular note is "
Et in Arcadia ego" by Nicholas Poussin, which has become famous both in its own right and because of its (possible) connection with the gnostic historiesof the Rosicrucians(see below). In 1502 Jacopo Sannazaropublished his long poem "Arcadia" that fixed the Early Modern perception of Arcadia as a lost world of idyllic bliss, remembered in regretful dirges. In the 1590s Sir Philip Sidneycirculated copies of his influential heroic romance poem The " Countess of Pembroke's Arcadia" establishing Arcadia as an icon of the Renaissance; although the story is plentifully supplied with shepherds and other pastoral figures, the central characters of the plot are all royalty visiting the countryside.
: [...] Does not the pleasantness of this place carry in itself sufficient reward for any time lost in it, or for any such danger that might ensue? Do you not see how everything conspires together to make this place a heavenly dwelling? Do you not see the grass, how in color they excel the emeralds [...] ? Do not these stately trees seem to maintain their flourishing old age, with the only happiness of their seat being clothed with a continual spring, because no beauty here should ever fade? Doth not the air breathe health which the birds (both delightful both to the ear and eye) do daily solemnize with the sweet consent of their voices? Is not every echo here a perfect music? And these fresh and delightful brooks, how slowly they slide away, as, loath to leave the company of so many things united in perfection, and with how sweet a murmur they lament their forced departure. Certainly, certainly, cousin, it must needs be, that some goddess this desert belongs unto, who is the soul of this soil, for neither is any less than a goddess worthy to be shrined in such a heap of pleasures, nor any less than a goddess could have made it so perfect a model of the heavenly dwellings. [...] Though depicted as contemporary, this pastoral form is often connected with the
Golden Age. It may be suggested that its inhabitants have merely continued to live as people did in the Golden Age, and all other nations have less pleasant lives because they have allowed themselves to depart from the original simplicity.
Arcadia is now the name of many cities and towns around the world.
Evelyn Waughtitled the first part of his novel Brideshead Revisitedwith the phrase ' Et in Arcadia ego', referring to his protagonist's blissful and innocent interbellumyears as an undergraduate student at Oxford Universityat the height of the British Empire and his new-found friendship with an eccentric aristocratic family.
Tom Stoppardwrote an acclaimed play with this title, referring to the sense of classical beauty and order associated with Arcadia.
In recent literature, especially fantasy, Arcadia has been used for a magical realm, respective to the
fictional universethe story occurs. A number of role-playing gameshave also adopted the idea, either using it as a separate realm within the multiverse (a la the Arcadia of the Dungeons & Dragonsuniverse), or even using it as the central focus of an entire game system (as was the case with White Wolf's game). It is even included in the newly released BioShockas the name of one of the areas, a man-made tree farm and source of oxygen for an underwater city.
According to the best-selling PC-game
The Longest Journey, Arcadia was divided from the primordial original world, and represents fantasy, dreams and magic, while our world, Stark, is the world of science and technology. 'Arkadia' was also a subterranean world in the French cartoon series " Spartakus and the Sun Beneath the Sea".
The name has recently been popularized by its connection to the
pseudohistoryof the Freemasons - in particular the Latin motto" Et in Arcadia ego" (even here, I [Death] exist.) The phrase is used frequently in conspiracy fiction and lore, such as the pseudohistorical work " Holy Blood, Holy Grail" and the novel " The Da Vinci Code", where it is interpreted as an anagram of "I! Tego Arcana Dei" (Begone! I know the secrets of God). The Libertines, especially Pete Dohertyand Carl Barât, use Arcadia as the destination their ship Albion is sailing towards. It is thought of as a place without rules or authority, where cigarettes grow on trees and park benches are covered in denim, and it is evenly populated by Cockney Rudeboysand Dickensian Gentlemen. The American rock band Red Hot Chili Peppersrefer to Arcadia in their album title " Stadium Arcadium". Dragonhaven, a young adult fantasyby Robin McKinley, ends with the phrase "Arcadiae vias peregrinentur," which the author has stated roughly translates to "May they walk in Arcadia"* [http://robinmckinley.livejournal.com/8888.html] , though a more strict translation would be "They will wander the streets of Arcadia."
Et in Arcadia ego(painting)
* [http://www.parnasse.com/net.in.arcadia.html Net in Arcadia] Virtual Museum of Contemporary Classicism
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Arcadia (disambiguation) — Arcadia may refer to:Geography* Arcadia, a region in Greece * Arcadia Ægypti, a region of Roman controlled Egypt * Arcadia Planitia, a plain on the planet Mars * Arcadia, New South Wales, Australia * Arcadia, Victoria, Australia * Arcadia,… … Wikipedia
Arcadia — Infobox Pref GR name = Arcadia name local = Νομός Αρκαδίας periph = Peloponnese capital = Tripoli population = 100,611 population as of = 2005 pop rank = 38th pop dens = 22.8 popdens rank = 52nd area = 4,419 area rank = 5th postal code = 22x xx… … Wikipedia
Arcadia (poesía) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Representación de Arcadia del pintor romántico Friedrich August von Kaulbach. Arcadia (del griego: Ἀρκαδία) era una provincia de la antigua Grecia. Con el tiempo, se ha convertid … Wikipedia Español
Utopia, Limited — Utopia Limited, or The Flowers of Progress , is a Savoy Opera, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert. It was the second to last of Gilbert and Sullivan s fourteen collaborations, premiering on 7 October 1893 for a run of 245 … Wikipedia
utopia — [n] ideal place and life Arcadia, bliss, dreamland, dreamworld, Eden, Elysian Fields*, Erewhon*, fairyland, Garden of Eden, heaven, land of milk and honey*, never never land*, paradise, perfection, pie in the sky*, promised land*, seventh heaven* … New thesaurus
Utopia — For other uses, see Utopia (disambiguation). Utopia /juːˈtoʊp … Wikipedia
utopia — Synonyms and related words: Agapemone, Arcadia, Big Rock Candy Mountain, Canaan, Cloudcuckooland, Cockaigne, Eden, Eldorado, Erewhon, Garden of Eden, Goshen, Happy Valley, Land of Youth, Laputa, Never Never land, Neverland, New Atlantis,… … Moby Thesaurus
Arcadia — (Roget s IV) n. Syn. paradise, utopia, Shangri la, Arcady; see paradise 3 , utopia … English dictionary for students
utopia — I (Roget s IV) n. Syn. ideal place, idealized place, wonderland, paradise, land of milk and honey*; see also heaven 2 . Famous utopias include: the garden of Eden, Heaven, the Celestial City, Heavenly City, Land of Beulah, the New Jerusalem, the… … English dictionary for students
Quadrangle d'Arcadia — Dans le cadre de la géographie de la planète Mars, le quadrangle d Arcadia également identifié par le code USGS MC 03 désigne une région martienne définie par des latitudes comprises entre 30º et 65º N et des longitudes comprises entre 240º… … Wikipédia en Français