Coat of arms of Mongolia


Coat of arms of Mongolia

The official coat of arms of Mongolia ( _mn. Монгол улсын төрийн сүлд, "Mongol ulsyn töriin süld") was adopted in 1992 following the fall of the communist government. The outer rim features a "tumen nusan", symbolizing eternity, surrounding a circular blue field, symbolizing the sky. On the centre of the field is a combination of the "soyombo" and the wind horse (treasured steed), symbolizing Mongolia's independence, sovereignty, and spirit. Above the field is a "chandmani", representing the Buddhist Three Jewels, which in Mongolian folklore grants wishes, and symbolizes past, present, and future. Below the central emblem is a green mountain range, with the wheel of destiny at the center. On the bottom of the mountain range and wheel is a "khadag", a ceremonial scarf.

Historical coats of arms

From 1960 to 1991, the Mongolian People's Republic used a coat of arms with a very similar shape, but several differing elements. Instead of the Wind Horse, a horseman on a normal horse is shown. In the background, the sun rises above mountains. The Buddhist symbols are replaced by symbols of Socialism. A gearwheel stands for industrialization, sheaves around the perimeter stand for the farming class, and the top featured a red star with the socialist version of the Soyombo. Along the bottom, a blue-red ribbon is placed in front of the gearwheel, with the letters " _mn. БНМАУ", the abbreviation for " _mn. Бүгд Найрамдах Монгол Ард Улс", (Mongolian People's Republic).

Before 1961, the coat of arms did not bear most of the socialist symbols. The horseman carried a long lasso pole, and the heads of four types of herd animals were shown on the sides. A red ribbon at the bottom bore the name of the country in the traditional Mongolian alphabet between 1940 and 1941, and the Cyrillic abbreviation after that.

ee also

*Flag of Mongolia
*National Anthem of Mongolia
*Coat of arms of Tuva


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