- Ernest, Elector of Saxony
Ernst, Elector of Saxony (b.
Meissen, 24 March 1441- d. Colditz, 26 August 1486) was Elector of Saxonyfrom 1464 to 1486.
Ernst was founder of the "Ernestine line" of Saxon princes, ancestor of
George I of Great Britain, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, as well as his wife and cousin Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, and their cousins Leopold II of Belgiumand Empress Carlota of Mexico.
He was the second son (but fourth in order of birth) of the eight children of
Frederick II, Elector of Saxonyand Margarete of Austria, sister of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor.
The death of his older brother Frederick (1451) made him the new heir apparent to the position of Elector of Saxony.
In 1455 Ernst was kidnapped along with his brother Albert, an episode famous in
German historyas the "Prinzenraub" (i. e. The Stealing of the Princes).
In 1464, he succeeded his father as Elector of Saxony, and annexed
Thuringiain 1482, and three years later ( Treaty of Leipzig, 1485) shared his territory with his brother Albert, until he arranged the division of the common possession.
Division of Leipzighe received area around Wittenberg, the south Thuringian part, the Vogtlandand parts of the Pleissnerland. As residence he selected Wittenberg. He provided for the welfare of the country and introduced the constitution.
One year after the division elector Ernest died in
Colditz, at the age of 46 years, the consequence of a fall off a horse.
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1= 1. Ernest, Elector of Saxony
Frederick II, Elector of Saxony
Margarete of Austria-Styria
Frederick I, Elector of Saxony
Catherine of Brunswick
Ernest, Duke of Austria
Cymburgis of Masovia
Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia
9= 9. Katharina of Henneberg-Schleusingen
Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
11= 11. Sofie of Pomerania-Wolgast
Leopold III, Duke of Austria
Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia
Alexandra of Lithuania
Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen
Matilde of Bavaria
18= 18. Heinrich VIII of Henneberg-Schleusingen
19= 19. Judith of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
21= 21. Catherine of Anhalt-Bernburg
Wratislav VI, Duke of Pomerania
Anna zu Mecklenburg-Stargard
Albert II, Duke of Austria
Johanna of Pfirt
26= 26. Bernabò Visconti, Lord of Milan
27= 27. Beatrice della Scalla
Siemowit III of Masovia
Euphemia of Schlesien-Troppau
30= 30. Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania
Uliana Alexandrovna of Tver
Leipzigon 19 November 1460Ernst married with Elisabeth of Bavaria-Munich. They had seven children:
#Christine (b. Torgau,
25 December 1461- d. Odense, 8 December 1521), married on 6 September 1478to King Johann I of Denmark.
Frederick III, Elector of Saxony(b. Torgau, 17 January 1463- d. Lockau, 5 May 1525).
#Ernst (b. Meissen,
26 June 1464- d. Halle, 3 August 1513), Archbishop of Magdeburg(1476-1480), Bishop of Halberstadt(1480-1513).
#Albrecht (b. Meissen,
8 May 1467- d. Aschaffenburg, 1 May 1484), Administrator of Mainz.
#Johann, Elector of Saxony (b. Meissen,
30 June 1468- d. Schweinitz, 16 August 1532).
#Margarete (b. Meissen,
4 August 1469- d. Weimar, 7 December 1528), married on 27 February 1487to Duke Heinrich of Brünswick-Lüneburg.
#Wolfgang (b. Meissen, ca. 1473 - d. Torgau, ca. 1478).
Rulers of Saxony
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