- Censorship of images in the Soviet Union
Flag on the Reichstag
On May 5, 1920, Lenin gave a famous speech to a crowd of Soviet troops. In the foreground was
Leon Trotskyand Lev Kamenev. The photo was later altered and both were removed by censors.
Leon Trotsky ( _ru. Лeв Давидович Трóцкий) was a Ukrainian-born
Bolshevikrevolutionary and Marxist theorist. He was an influential politician in the early days of the Soviet Union, first as People's Commissarfor Foreign Affairs and later as the founder and commander of the Red Armyand People's Commissar of War. He was also among the first members of the Politburo.
He became an enemy of the State and was erased from Soviet history after leading the failed struggle of the
Left Oppositionagainst the policies and rise of Joseph Stalin in the 1920s and the increasing bureaucratization of the Soviet Union. Trotsky was expelled from the Communist Party and deported from the Soviet Union in the Great Purge. As the head of the Fourth International, he continued in exile to oppose the Stalinist bureaucracy in the Soviet Union, and was eventually assassinated in Mexicoby Ramón Mercader, a Soviet agent. [The murder weapon was a hidden cut-down ice axe, not an ice pick. Many history and reference books have confused the two. See Robert Conquest, "The Great Terror: A Reassessment", Oxford University Press, 1991, ISBN 0-19-507132-8, p.418 for a detailed account] Trotsky's ideas form the basis of Trotskyism, a variation of communist theory, which remains a major school of Marxist thought that is opposed to the theories of Stalinism.
October Revolution celebration
The "Union for Struggle of the Liberation of the Working Class" was a St Petersburg based organization that was founded by a number of Russian revolutionaries including
Mikhail Kalininand Lenin. They would merge with other groups to lay the foundation for the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDRP)cite web |year=2007 |url = http://www.library.yale.edu/slavic/leaders.html|title = Leaders of the Russian Revolution|format = HTML |publisher = Yale| accessdate = 2007-10-21 | last= |quote=] . The RSDRP formed in 1898 in Minskto unite the various revolutionary organizations into one party. It would later split into Bolshevikand Menshevikfactions, with the Bolsheviks eventually becoming the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
This picture is a meeting of the St. Petersburg chapter of the Union of Struggle for the Liberation of the Working Class taken in February 1897. Shortly after the picture was taken the whole group was arrested by the
Okhrana. The members were handed out various punishments with Lenin being arrested, held by authorities for fourteen months and then released and exiled to the village of Shushenskoyein Siberia, where he mingled with such notable Marxists as Georgy Plekhanov, who had introduced socialism to Russia.
To the left standing is Alexander Malchenko. At the time of this picture he was an engineering student and his mother would let Lenin hide out at her house. After his arrest he spent some time in exile before returning in 1900 and abandoning the revolution. He moved to Moscow where he worked as a senior engineer in various state departments before in 1929 being arrested, wrongfully accused of being a "wrecker" and executed on
November 18, 1930. After his arrest and execution he was airbrushed out of all reproductions of this image. In 1958 he was posthumously rehabilitated and was allowed to reappear in reproductions of the image.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Government of the Soviet Union — Soviet Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Soviet Union … Wikipedia
Demography of the Soviet Union — Soviet Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Soviet Union … Wikipedia
General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union — Soviet Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Soviet Union … Wikipedia
Consumer goods in the Soviet Union — Soviet Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Soviet Union … Wikipedia
State ideology of the Soviet Union — Soviet Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Soviet Union … Wikipedia
Political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union — Soviet Union … Wikipedia
Collectivization in the Soviet Union — was a policy pursued under Stalin between 1928 and 1940. The goal of this policy was to consolidate individual land and labour into collective farms (Russian: колхоз, kolkhoz, plural kolkhozy). The Soviet leadership was confident that the… … Wikipedia
Dissolution of the Soviet Union — Tanks at Red Square during the 1991 Soviet coup d état attempt Participants People of the Soviet Union Federal government … Wikipedia
History of the Soviet Union (1964–1982) — Soviet Union … Wikipedia
Communist Party of the Soviet Union — CPSU redirects here. For other uses, see CPSU (disambiguation). All Union Communist Party (bolsheviks) redirects here. For other uses, see All Union Communist Party (disambiguation). KPSS redirects here. For the Statistical test, see KPSS test.… … Wikipedia