- 1680s in piracy
Bartholomew Sharpembarks on the "Pacific Adventure", a raid on Spanish settlements on the South American west coast. On crewman, Basil Ringrose, writes an account of the expedition, later published by Alexander Esquemeling.
*James Misson, Signor Caraccioli, and
Thomas Tewdiscover Libertatiaon the island of Madagascar.
John Williamscaptures James Kelley on a slave ship of the coast of West Africa, making him a crewmember.
April 15- Landing on the Isthmus of Darien, John Coxenleads 331 buccaneers, including Bartholomew Sharp, William Dampier, Lionel Wafer, Basil Ringrose, William Dickand John Cox, divided into 5 groups consisting of Bartholomew Sharp, Richard Sawkins, Peter Harris, John Coxon and Edmund Cook. Marching towards the Spanish stronghold of Santa Mariathe buccaneers first met with the Mosquito Indianswho had reported contained a large amount of gold dust. The Spaniards however had been warned of their approach and had sent the gold to Panamaand by the time the buccaneers had reached Santa Maria most of the party were in favour of stealing out on the Pacific Oceanin the Mosquito's canoes. While Coxon and his party were against the proposal, he was persuaded to stay and keep command of the expedition.
April 19-20 - Traveling in canoes into the Bay of Panamathe buccaneers capture a Spanish vessel of 30 tons as well as a small Spanish barquetaken the following day.
April 23- Arriving at Panama the buccaneers encountered three Spanish warships, one of which commanded by Captain Peraltawho had previously fought against Sir Henry Morgan's raid of Panama only a decade before, engaging in a day long battle ending after two of the Spanish ships were boarded and forcing the remaining ship to retreat. With 48 casualties consisting of 18 killed and around 31 wounded, including Peter Harris who died ten days later,
*May - French buccaneer
Michel de Grammontis joined by English privateers William Wright and Thomas Paineat Isla Blancain a raid on Caracassuccessfully capturing the Caracas seaport of La Guayra.
*July - After taking the Caracas seaport of La Guayra the previous month the buccaneers under Michel de Granmont are driven from Caracas by Spanish defenders.
Herbert Greavesis hanged near Walmer Castle.
*January - A mutiny is made against
Bartholomew Sharpand John Watlingis elected Captain. He attacks the Spanish settlement of Arica, Chile. He is heavily outnumbered by the Spanish, the attack fails and he is killed.
Lancelot Blackburne, later becoming Archbishop of York, sails with buccaneers.
John Alexander, an officer under Bartholomew Sharp, drowns at sea.
*May-August - William Wright along with eight other privateers, later joined an additional 50 English
South Seasailors, departs the San Blas Islandsto raid the Spanish city of Cartago, Costa Ricahowever many of the privateers miss the rendezvous at San Andrés Island. Despite this setback Wright continues on with French privateers Captain Archambaudand Captain Toccartlater capturing a Spanish tartanewhich he later gives to 30 of the South Sea sailors who refused to sail with the French privateer whom they had joined at San Blias. Sailing towards Corn Islandand later Bluefield's RiverWright leaves the French privateers.
*September - While at
Boca del ToroWright joined Dutch Captain Yankey Willems, who had no commission of war, and departed the city sailing along the coast of Colombia. Near Cartagena Yankey sized a Spanish ship with a large cargo of sugarand tobacco. Traveling to Curaçaothe two attempted to sell the Spanish cargo but are forced to leave by the Dutch governor where they continued to the Aves Islandand to the Islas Roquesstaying until February of the following year.
Bartholomew Sharp's Pacific Adventureexpedition returns by Cape Hornto Barbadosbefore being arrested after their arrival in Port Royal.
Pierre le Picardis reported by Governor of JamaicaSir Henry Morganraiding English and Spanish shipping off the coast of Jamaica. This is the last that is heard of Picard who disappears soon after until his return from a French South Seabuccaneering expedition in 1685.
*May - Thomas Lynch returns as Governor of Jamaica.
Robert Clarkeis removed as Governor of the Bahamasas a result of illegally issuing letters of marqueagainst Spanish shipping in Florida. His replacement Robert Lilburnehowever is unable to halt the piracy in the Bahamas Is.
Jean Hamlincaptures between sixteen and eighteen ships near Jamaica before being forced to leave the area by a frigatesent by Governor Thomas Lynch that fails to capture Hamlin.
*December - Another frigate, the
Guernsey, is sent by Governor Thomas Lynch to capture Jean Hamlin however Hamlin manages to elude being captured once again. With ex-buccaneers such as John Coxenclosing in, Hamlin fled from his base in Ile-la-vachesailing towards St. Thomas where he was given sanctuary by governor Adolph Esmit.
Jamaica Act of 1683is passed by the Parliament of Englandprohibiting trade with pirates.
*January - French pirate
Jean Hamlintakes the British ship Thomas and William, Richard North commander, near the Isle of Ash, off Hispaniola. Later, the crew reluctantly lets a French man-of-war escorting two Guinea ships continue unharmed. After trading peacefully with the Governor of St. Thomas, Hamlin captures a ketch out of Nevin.¹
*March - Pirate hunter
Thomas Pain, allegedly commissioned by Jamaican Governor Thomas Lynch, leads a group of privateers in a raid against St. Augustine, Floridahowever they soon withdraw to New Providenceafter looting several nearby villages.
May 17-21 - Captain Michel de Grammontleads a group of six privateerstotaling over 1,000 men, including Dutch privateers Laurens de Graffand Nicholas van Hoorn, in an attack on Veracruzlooting the town for four days and ransoming several prominent citizens, including Governor Don Luis de Cordovaand visiting Irish merchant John Murphy, before returning to Petit Goavewith over 800 pesosa man. On the return voyage Nicholas van Hoorn is mortally wounded while fighting over the shares from the raid by de Graff.
Jean Hamlinraids shipping off the coast of Sierra Leonecapturing English and Dutch ships. Later that year Hamlin's band split into separate bands with Hamlin returning to the Caribbean. Arriving in St. Thomas in late 1683 or early 1684 Hamlin's ship La Trompeusewas burned in the island's harbor by English naval officer Captain Carlilecommanding the HMS Francis. Hamlin would be granted refuge in St. Thomas by Danish Governor Adolph Esmituntil his removal in October 1684. [ Calendar of State Papers, Colonial: America and the West Indies, 1574-1739, CD-ROM, London: Routledge, 2000. (pg. 519-520) ]
Jean Hamlinforms a new crew commanding La Nouve Trompeuseshortly before the removal of St. Thomas Governor Adolf Esmitwhere he would travel to the old buccaneer base of Ile-la-vacheoff the coast of Hispanola.
Peter Pain( Peter Pan), wanted by the French government for the return of La Trompeusestolen in Cayenneseveral years before, is captured and sent to Petit Goave.
*January - In retaliation for the St. Augustine raid in 1683 Spanish forces raid
New Providence. Later that year the Spanish burn the town killing several of the settlements defenders and taking others captive to Havana. The remaining survivors flee to Jamaicaand the Carolinasas the English Bahamascolony is abandoned.
Jaques Nepveau de Pouancay, acting Governor of Petit Goavefor former Governor de Franquesnay, is replaced by Pierre-Paul Tarin de Cussy.
*August - Two officials are sent by King Louis XIV to assist in suppressing piracy in
*October - Governor
Adolph Esmit, one of the last remaining buccaneer supporters, is forced to leave St. Thomas.
Alexandre Esquemelin's " Buccaneers of America" is published in London.
*One of the last great buccaneering raids is attempted in the unsuccessful attack on the city of
Panamaby a force of about 3,000 men led by Edward Davis, John Eaton, Charles Swan, and several others. With the outbreak of the War of the Grand Alliancein 1689 these men, as well most of the remaining buccaneers, would became legitimate privateersas the era of buccaneering came to a close.
Charles Swansails off the coast of Sinaloaand into the Gulf of Californiaduring the winter of 1685-1686 while unsuccessfully awaiting the Spanish Manila galleon. A full account of this voyage is later published in William Dampier's " A New Voyage Round the World" in 1697.
*May - A fleet of French buccaneers, including
Pierre le Picard, crosses the Isthmus of Panamaon their way to the South Seaand loot Guayaquil. Later that year Picard leaves the South Sea expedition and returns to the Caribbean. On his way to the Caribbean he attacks and loots the city of Segovia.
July 6- Laurens de Graffand Michel de Grammontstorm ashore at Campechewith a force of 750 men and begin looting the city for two months while the Armada de Barloventosearches for the buccaneers base on the island of Roatánoff the coast of Honduras.
*September - The
Armada de Barloventoreturn to Campeche, with a loss of three ships from a hurricane, the remaining fleet encountered Graff's fleet off Cabo Catoche, on the way back from the raid on Campeche. The armada succeeded in sinking one ship and capturing another. While pursuing Graff's already heavily damaged flagship the explosion of a cannon on one of the armada vessels, killing three gunners, allowed Lorencillo to escape. Held responsible for abandoning the chase several Armada officers were suspended from duty. Two days following the battle Armada commander Ochoadied at sea from a sudden illness. However the Armada had captured 120 sailors, many of whom later defected from La Salle's colony, agreeing to reveal La Salle's plans for a French settlement on a river known as the " Michipipi" in exchange for escaping the death penalty. This information would later lead the Armada de Barlovento to launch a series of expeditions along the Gulf of Mexicoto locate this colony.
Michel de Grammont, sailing from Yucatánalong with the rest of the buccaneerfleet, becomes separated from the other ships while trying to evade a storm, and is never seen again.
Armada de Barloventoembarks on a three year expedition to locate and destroy La Salle's colony which French privateershad been using as a base to raid Spanish shipping in the Gulf of Mexico. The expedition would see the rebirth of exploration of the Gulf of Mexicoand the southeastern coast of North Americawhich would provide valuable information to future European maps of the region.
*Spanish raiders based in St. Augustine,
Floridaattack nearby settlements in Charleston, South Carolinaas a response to the rising pirate haven in the Carolinas. A counterattack, planned by the French, is prohibited by recently arriving Governor James Colleton.
March 31- Captain Swan sails from Cabo Corrientes on an expedition to the Orient. William Dampier later joins Swan's crew on the Cygnet.
October 26- The British frigate HMS Baudenis attacked by a French pirate vessel Le Trompeuse.
MassachusettsSir William Phipssalvages a Spanish treasure ship, worth around £300,000, off the coast of northern Hispanola.
*Based near the
Tres Marias Islandsat the mouth of the Gulf of Californiaaround 50 French buccaneers, later joined by 30 more, and led by Captain Franz Roolsbegin raiding Spanish shipping and coastal settlements in New Spainand Peru. The buccaneers continue their attacks from Navidad to Mazatlánincluding the towns of Sentispac, Acaponeta, and Rosariountil mid 1689. While the buccaneers regularly searched between Baja Californiaand Cape Corrientes for the incoming Spanish Manila treasure galleonthe buccaneers are unable to locate it.
*An anti-buccaneering expedition commanded by Sir Robert Holmes arrives in
Charleston, South Carolina.
Christopher Goffeis pardoned after surrendering to authorities in Boston, Massachusettsand is commissioned as a pirate hunter.
*January - Captain
Joseph Bannister, an English pirate who had eluded capture by Jamaican authorities for over two years, is captured and hanged on HMS "Ruby" in Port Royal.
*December - The
Duke of Albemarlearrives in Port Royal as Governor of Jamaica.
Pierre le Picardarrives at Hispaniolaand later that year retires to Acadie(Southeast Canada).
Jean Bartand Claude de Forbinare captured by the Royal Navyand taken to Plymouth. Three days later they escape to Brittanyon a rowboat manned by 20 other sailors.
Thomas Pound, formerly a mariner under Governor Edmund Andros, begins raiding coastal shipping soon after the Jacobite takeover of the New Englandcolony of Pemaquid.
July 8— Thomas Pound, with six men including Thomas Hawkins, Thomas Johnson, Eleazer Buck, John Siccaden, Richard Griffen, and Benjamin Blake sailed a sloop to Lovell's Island where they were joined by sailors Daniel Lander, Samuel Watts, William Warren, William Dun, and Henry Dripper.
August 16— Thomas Pound captures the sloopGoodspeed near Race Point. Exchanging their smaller ship for the Godspeed the Captain, a John Smart, is sent with a message from Pound to Boston authorities that he knew where the English naval sloop was located however if they continued to pursue Pound "she should find hot work for they would die every man before they would be taken."
Armada de Barloventolocates La Salle's colony during an overland march, led by commander Alonso De León, from Coahuiladiscovered La Salle's Fort St. Louisnear the head of Lavaca Bay(present day Victoria County, Texas).
Laurens de Graffaccepts a commission in the French navy as a Majorby Governor Pierre-Paul Tarin de Cussyon the outbreak of the War of the Grand Alliance.
*Petit Goave Governor de Cussy commands a buccaneering expedition against the Spanish settlement of
Santiago de los Caballeros, Honduras.
*October — Petit Goave Governor de Cussy leads a buccaneering expedition against
Montego Bayin Jamaica.
*December — Petit Goave Governor de Cussy again raids Montego Bay in Jamaica.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Piracy — This article is about maritime piracy. For other uses, see Pirate (disambiguation). The traditional Jolly Roger of piracy … Wikipedia
Piracy in Somalia — Map of areas under threat by Somali pirates. Pirates holding the … Wikipedia
Piracy in the Caribbean — The great era of piracy in the Caribbean began in the 1560s and died out in the 1720s as the nation states of Western Europe with colonies in the Americas began to exert more state control over the waterways of the New World. The period during… … Wikipedia
1650s in piracy — See also: list of years of Piracy .Events1650*Pirates out of Tortuga loot and sack Santiago de los Caballeros, a frontier town between the French and Spanish territories of Santo Domingo. [ Snelders, Stephen. The Devil s Anarchy . New York:… … Wikipedia
Timeline of piracy — This is a timeline of the history of piracy. *1300 BC The Tyrrhenians and the Thracians were in control of pirate activity near the Roman Empire *1620s: 1620 1621 1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 *1630s: 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636… … Wikipedia
Peter Harris — may refer to: *Peter Harris (footballer) (born 1925), English association football (soccer) player *Peter Harris (entrepreneur) (born 1934), English businessman *Peter Harris (Blu Peter) (born 1961), electronic dance music record producer and… … Wikipedia
Charles Vane — Not to be confused with Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry. Charles Vane c.1680 – March 29, 1721 An early 18th century engraving of Charles Vane Type Pir … Wikipedia
Operation Ocean Shield — Part of Piracy in Somalia, Operation Enduring Freedom Horn of Africa … Wikipedia
Edward Low — For other people named Edward Low, see Edward Low (disambiguation). Edward Low ca. 1690 – ca. 1724 … Wikipedia
Operation Dawn of Gulf of Aden — Part of Piracy in Somalia, Operation Ocean Shield, Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa … Wikipedia