Hafiz Rahmat Khan


Hafiz Rahmat Khan

Hafiz Rahmat Khan (1708/9-23 April1774) was Nawab of Rohilkhand in North India, from 1749 to 1774 [ [http://www.uq.net.au/~zzhsoszy/ips/r/rampur.html Genealogy of Rampur princely state] , [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/India_princes_K-W.html] ] . He was a Pashtun by background, ruling over Rohillas (Afghan highlanders).

In 1623 two Afghan brothers of the Rohilla tribe, Shah Alam and Husain Khan, settled here and founded a small state of Rampur, bringing with them many other Pashtun settlers. Ali Muhammad Khan, grandson of Shah Alam, later united the Rohillas between 1707 and 1720, making Bareilly his capital. Hafiz Rahmat Khan, who was his uncle, succeeded him, extended his power from Almora in the North to Etawah in the South-West.

He played an important part in Indian warfare over several decades, being on the winning side at the Third Battle of Panipat of 1761, but was defeated and killed in the Rohilla War [ [http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/gazetteer/pager.html?objectid=DS405.1.I34_V07_011.gifHistory of Bareilly District] The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 7, p. 5.] . In 1772 Rohilkhand was invaded by the Marathas; however the Nawabs of Awadh came to the aid of the Rohillas in repulsing the invasion. After the war Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula demanded payment for their help from the Rohilla chief, Hafiz Rahmat Khan. When the demand was refused the Nawab joined with the British under Warren Hastings to invade Rohilkhand and Hafiz Rahmat Khan was killed in the ensuing battle at "Mirranpur Katra" in 1774. The whole of Rohilkhand (including Bareilly) was surrendered to the East India Company by the treaty of November 10, 1801. Later, Bareilly was a centre of disaffection for the entire area in the Indian Mutiny of 1857. [ [http://www.collectbritain.co.uk/personalisation/object.cfm?uid=019WDZ000000187U00000000 Hafiz] British Library.]

He also founded the town of Pilibhit, where he also built a Jama Masjid, a replica of the Jama Masjid, Delhi [ [http://pilibhit.nic.in/aoi.htm Jama Masjid] Official website of Pilibhit district.] [ [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/251406/Hafiz-Rahmat-Khan#tab=active~checked%2Citems~checked&title=%E1%B8%A4%C4%81fiz%20Ra%E1%B8%A5m%C4%81t%20Kh%C4%81n%20--%20Britannica%20Online%20Encyclopedia Philibhit] Britannica.com.]

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