Rohilla War


Rohilla War

The First Rohilla War of 1773-1774 was a punitive campaign by Shuja-ud-Daula, Nawab of Awadh, against the Rohillas, Afghan highlanders settled in Rohilkhand, northern India. The Nawab was supported by troops of the British East India Company, in a successful campaign brought about by the Rohillas reneging on a debt to the Nawab.

Background

Having been driven into the mountains by the Mahrattas, a few years earlier, the Rohillas had appealed for aid to Shuja-ud-Daula, an ally at that time of the British. He promised to assist them in return for a sum of money; but when the Mahrattas were driven off the Rohilla chiefs refused to pay. The Nawab then decided to annex their country, and appealed to Warren Hastings for assistance, which was given in return for a sum of forty lakhs of rupees

Hastings justified his action on the ground that the Rohillas were a danger to the British as uncovering the flank of Awadh.

Course of the war

The Rohillas under Hafiz Rahmat Ali Khan [ [http://www.library.upenn.edu/collections/sasia/crafts1820/introduc.html Introduction ] ] were defeated by Colonel Champion in April 1774. The decisive battle, in which Hafiz Rahmat Khan died, was at Miranpur Katra, on 23 April [ [http://www.india9.com/i9show/Miranpur-Katra-80142.htm Miranpur Katra in India ] ] .

Consequences

Rohilkhand fell to Awadh, was plundered and occupied. The majority of the Rohillas left. They fled across the Ganges in numbers, to start a guerilla war; or emigrated. A Rohilla state under British protection was set up in Rampur.

There was a second Rohilla War, in 1794.

Warren Hastings

The war became a matter of Westminster politics during the impeachment of Warren Hastings. Charges of destroying a nation were brought against Hastings by Edmund Burke and later Thomas Macaulay.

References

*John Strachey (1892), Hastings and the Rohilla War

Notes

External links

* [http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Rohilla Source]


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