Iron Age China


Iron Age China
Iron Age
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Bronze Age

Bronze Age collapse

Ancient Near East (1300 – 600 BC)

Aegean, Anatolia, Assyria, Caucasus, Cyprus, Egypt, Levant, Persia

India (1200 – 200 )

Painted Grey Ware
Northern Black Polished Ware
Mauryan period
Anuradhapura Kingdom

Europe (1200 BC – 400 AD)

Aegean
Caucasus
Novocherkassk
Hallstatt C
La Tène C
Villanovan C
British Iron Age
Greece, Rome, Celts
Scandinavia

China (600 BC – 200 AD)

Spring and Autumn Period and Warring States Period

Japan (100 BC – 500 AD)

Yayoi period

Korea (400 BC – 50 BC)

Late Gojoseon period
Proto-Three Kingdoms period

Nigeria (400 BC – 200 AD)

Axial Age
Classical antiquity
Zhou Dynasty
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The Iron Age in Ancient China began in ca. 600 BC (early Iron Age). Ancient China is taken to last until the beginning of Early Imperial China and the rise of the Qin Dynasty in the 3rd century BC. This corresponds to the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods of Chinese history.

In 1972, near the city of Gaocheng (藁城) in Shijiazhuang (now Hebei province), an iron-bladed bronze tomahawk (铁刃青铜钺) dating back to the 14th century BC was excavated. After a scientific examination, the iron was shown to be made from meteoric iron. The Iron Age in East Asia began in earnest, however, when cast-iron[1] objects appeared in Yangzi Valley toward the end of the 6th century BC.[2] The few objects were found at Changsha and Nanjing. According to the mortuary evidence suggests that the initial use of iron in Guangdong belongs to the mid to late Warring States period (from about 350 BC).

The techniques used in Lingnan is a combination of bivalve moulds of distinct southern tradition and the incorporation of piece mould technology from the Zhongyuan The products of the combination of these two periods are bells, vessels, weapons and ornaments and the sophisticated cast.

An Iron Age culture of the Tibetan Plateau has tentatively been associated with the Zhang Zhung culture described in early Tibetan writings.

References

  1. ^ About Cast iron In China, http://www.wroughtironweb.com/Cast_Iron_In_China_and_Europe.html, retrieved 2010-03-22 
  2. ^ Higham, Charles. 1996. The Bronze Age of Southeast Asia

See also


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