USS Malvern (1860)


USS Malvern (1860)

USS "Malvern" (1860) was a large steamer captured by the Union Navy during the American Civil War. She was then used by the Union Navy to patrol navigable waterways of the Confederacy to prevent the South from trading with other countries.

"Malvern" was built in 1860 as "William G. Hewes" byHarlan and Hollingsworth Co., Wilmington, Delaware, for Charles Morgan’s Southern Steamship Co. She commenced regular service between New York City and New Orleans, Louisiana, 11 January 1861.

Seized by the Confederacy when war commenced

As "William G. Hewes" she was seized 28 April by the Governor of Louisiana and put into service as a Confederate blockade runner, although she was not officially registered as a Confederate steamer until 5 April 1862. Because of her speed, maneuverability, and large cargo capacity "Hewes" was of far greater value as a blockade running transport than as a gunboat. Few of her contemporaries were able to match the 1,440 bale payload of cotton that she carried to Havana, Cuba, in April. When Admiral David Farragut captured New Orleans, Louisiana, in April 1862, "Hewes" shifted her operations from there to Charleston, South Carolina, and Wilmington, North Carolina. She was then renamed "Ella and Annie". Under the Importing & Exporting Co. of South Carolina she renewed blockade running to Bermuda in April 1863.

Captured by Union forces

Damage sustained during a hurricane in September necessitated repairs in Bermuda. "Ella and Annie" departed there 5 November in company with steamer "R. E. Lee". The two ships separated off Carolina and "Ella and Annie" steamed for Wilmington, North Carolina. She was delayed by a storm and intercepted the morning of 8 November by USS|Niphon|1863 off New Inlet, North Carolina. Capt. Frank N. Bonneau, CSN, in command of the blockade runner, rammed the northern gunboat in a desperate attempt at evasion. A broadside from "Niphon", Acting Master Joseph B. Breck, USN, in command, killed one man in "Ella and Annie", riddled her hull, and brought her to. A boarding party from "Niphon" captured "Ella and Annie" and her valuable cargo, and a prize crew took her to Boston, Massachusetts. Captain Bonneau was later convicted of piracy by a Boston court, but the presiding officer, who had been a flag officer himself, suspended the sentence on the grounds that he would have acted in a like manner had he been in similar circumstances.

Captured ship acquired by the Union Navy, renamed "USS Malvern"

"Ella and Annie" was condemned as a prize of war and sold to the Navy. Hastily armed, renamed "Malvern" and provisionally commissioned at the Boston Navy Yard 10 December, she was sent to intercept "Chesapeake", which had been hijacked at sea by passengers professing allegiance to the Confederacy. "Chesapeake" was found abandoned, taken to Halifax, Nova Scotia, and turned over to British authorities. "Malvern" was formally commissioned 9 February 1864 at Boston Navy Yard. Assigned to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, she became Admiral David Dixon Porter’s flagship. She participated in the campaign that resulted in the capture of Fort Fisher, North Carolina, in December 1864 and January 1865. She captured blockade running steamers "Stag" and "Charlotte" 19 January off New Inlet, North Carolina, and participated in the attack 18 February on Fort Anderson, Cape Fear River.

Malvern transports President Abraham Lincoln to Richmond

She was frequently utilized for conferences between General Ulysses S. Grant, Admiral Porter, and President Abraham Lincoln. Her last notable service for the Navy was to convey the President up the James River to Richmond, Virginia, when that city was evacuated by the Confederates 2 April. "Malvern" decommissioned 24 October at New York City.

Post-war service after decommissioning

"Malvern" was sold at auction at New York to S. G. Bogart, who promptly resold her to her original owner. She was again named "William G. Hewes" and reconditioned for passenger and freight service at Wilmington, Delaware, during January 1866. Charles Morgan then operated her from New Orleans to the Texas Gulf ports until 1878, when he turned his steamers over to the Louisiana & Texas RR., which he owned. "Hewes" served in the West Indies fruit trade for many years. She was caught in a violent gulf storm in February 1895 and wrecked on Colorado Reef off the coast of Cuba.

References

*DANFS|http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/m2/malvern-i.htm


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • USS Malvern — may refer to:*USS|Malvern|1860, was built in 1860 as William G. Hewes and served the Union Navy*USS|Malvern|SP 3055, was a tug commissioned 27 April 1917 and returned to her owner On 16 January 1919*USS|Malvern|IX 138, was acquired by the US Navy …   Wikipedia

  • USS Niphon (1863) — was a steam operated vessel acquired by the Union Navy during the American Civil War. She was used by the Navy to patrol navigable waterways of the Confederacy to prevent the South from trading with other countries. Niphon , a wooden and iron… …   Wikipedia

  • USS Shawsheen (1855) — was a steam operated tugboat acquired by the Union Navy during the American Civil War. In addition to her tugboat duties, she was used by the Navy as a gunboat to patrol and blockade navigable waterways of the Confederacy to prevent the South… …   Wikipedia

  • USS Bat (1864) — was a steamer captured by the Union Navy during the American Civil War. She was used by the Union Navy as a gunboat in support of the Union Navy blockade of Confederate waterways. She was also later assigned to carry President Abraham Lincoln to… …   Wikipedia

  • List of United States Navy ships, M — M Mak* USS M 1 (SS 47) * USS M. J. Scanlon (ID 3513) * USS M. M. Davis (SP 314) * USS M. W. Chapin (1856) * USS Maartensdijk (ID 2497) * USS Macabi (SS 375) * USS Macaw (ASR 11) * USS Macdonough (DD 9, DD 331, DD 351, DDG 39) * USS Macedonian… …   Wikipedia

  • Morgan Iron Works — Former type Private Industry Manufacturing Fate Sold …   Wikipedia

  • List of patrol vessels of the United States Navy — This is a list of patrol vessels of the United States Navy.PC Patrol Craft Coastal ;By hull number * * * * * * * * * * * * * *;By name * * * * * * * * * * * * * * PHM, PGH, PCH Hydrofoil VesselsPHM Patrol Missile Hydrofoil* USS Pegasus (PHM 1),… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Schiffe der United States Navy/M — Schiffe der United States Navy A B …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wikipedia:List of online newspaper archives — This is a list of free and pay wall blocked digital online newspaper archives. Most are scanned from microfilm into pdf, gif or similar graphic formats and many of the graphic archives have been indexed into searchable text databases utilizing… …   Wikipedia

  • 1862 aux États-Unis — Éphémérides Chronologie des États Unis : 1859 1860 1861 1862  1863 1864 1865 Décennies aux États Unis : 1830 1840 1850  1860  1870 1880 …   Wikipédia en Français