Television studio

Television studio

A television studio is an installation in which television or video productions take place, either for live television, for recording live to tape, or for the acquisition of raw footage for postproduction. The design of a studio is similar to, and derived from, movie studios, with a few amendments for the special requirements of television production. A professional television studio generally has several rooms, which are kept separate for noise and practicality reasons. These rooms are connected via intercom, and personnel will be divided among these workplaces.

tudio floor

The studio floor is the actual stage on which the actions that will be recorded take place. A studio floor has the following characteristics and installations:

* decoration and/or sets
* cameras on pedestals
* microphones
* lighting rigs and the associated controlling equipment.
* several video monitors for visual feedback from the production control room
* a small public address system for communication
* A glass window between PCR and studio floor for direct visual contact is usually desired, but not always possible

While a production is in progress, the following people work in the studio floor.

* The on-screen "talent" themselves, and any guests - the subjects of the show.
* A floor director, who has overall charge of the studio area, and who relays timing and other information from the director.
* One or more camera operators who operate the television cameras, though in some instances these can also be operated from PCR using remote heads.
* Possibly a teleprompter operator, especially if this is a news broadcast.

Production control room

The production control room (also known as the 'gallery' or Studio Control Room (SCR)) is the place in a television studio in which the composition of the outgoing program takes place. Facilities in a PCR include:

* a video monitor wall, with monitors for program, preview, videotape machines, cameras, graphics and other video sources
* switcher a device where all video sources are controlled and taken to air. Also known as a special effects generator
* audio mixing console and other audio equipment such as effects devices
* character generator creates the majority of the names and full screen graphics that are inserted into the program
* digital video effects and/or still frame devices (if not integrated in the vision mixer)
* technical director's station, with waveform monitors, vectorscopes and the camera control units or remote control panels for the camera control units (CCUs)
* VTRs may also be located in the PCR, but are also often found in the central machine room

Master control room

The master control room houses equipment that is too noisy or runs too hot for the production control room. It also makes sure that wire lengths and installation requirements keep within manageable lengths, since most high-quality wiring runs only between devices in this room. This can include:

* The actual circuitry and connection boxes of the vision mixer, DVE and character generator devices
* camera control units
* VTRs
* patch panels for reconfiguration of the wiring between the various pieces of equipment.

In a broadcast station in the US, master control room or "MCR" is the place where the on-air signal is controlled. It may include controls to play back programs and commercials, switch local or network feeds, record satellite feeds and monitor the transmitter(s). The description of an MCR given above usually refers to an equipment rack room, which is usually separate from the MCR itself. The term "studio" usually refers to a place where a particular local program is originated. If the program is broadcast live, the signal goes from the production control room to MCR and then out to the transmitter.

Other facilities

A television studio usually has other rooms with no technical requirements beyond program and audio monitors. Among them are:
* one or more make-up and changing rooms
* a reception area for crew, talent, and visitors, commonly called the green room.

ee also

* Broadcasting
* Broadcast engineering
* Outside broadcasting
* Television crew
* Master control
* Transmission Control Room
* Central Apparatus Room

External links

* [ The Maidstone Studios - The UK's Largest Single TV Studio]
* [ NewscastStudio, the Internet's television news set design resource]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • television studio sound technician — televizijos studijos garso technikas statusas T sritis profesijos apibrėžtis Technikas, kuris dalyvauja įrengiant televizijos laidų transliavimo studijos garso aparatūrą, prižiūri jos naudojimą, atlieka techninę priežiūrą ir taisymą. Jis taip pat …   Inžinieriai, technikai ir technologai. Trikalbis aiškinamasis žodynėlis

  • television studio technician — televizijos studijos įrangos technikas statusas T sritis profesijos apibrėžtis Technikas, kuris prižiūri, reguliuoja ir taiso televizijos studijoje naudojamus elektroninius aparatus (televizijos kameras, projektorius, valdymo pultus ir pan.),… …   Inžinieriai, technikai ir technologai. Trikalbis aiškinamasis žodynėlis

  • ABC Television Studio — Logo de ABC Television Studio Création 1985 sous le nom Touchstone Television Dates clés 2007 : renom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ABC Television Studio — Touchstone Pictures (engl. touchstone = „Prüfstein”), auch bekannt als Touchstone Films, ist eine US amerikanische Filmproduktionsfirma mit Firmensitz in Burbank, Kalifornien, die zur Walt Disney Company gehört. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Television crew — positions are derived from those of film crew, but with several differences. Pre production Everything before the shooting of the film is known as the pre production stage. People involved in this stage include the director, the producer, the… …   Wikipedia

  • studio — [ stydjo ] n. m. • 1829; mot angl., de l it. « atelier d artiste », lat. studium « étude » 1 ♦ Atelier d artiste. Atelier de photographe d art. ♢ (1908) Ensemble des locaux aménagés pour les prises de vues cinématographiques. Un studio de cinéma …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • studio — UK US /ˈstjuːdiəʊ/ noun [C] (plural studios) ► a room with special equipment where television or radio programmes or music recordings are made: television/radio/recording studio »I work in a television studio in Boston. »They filmed the interview …   Financial and business terms

  • Studio B — may refer to:* Studio B (TV series) * Studio B (artist) * Studio B Productions, an animation studio in Vancouver, BC * RCA Studio B, a recording studio in Nashville * A television studio where American Bandstand was filmed from 1957 1964 …   Wikipedia

  • Television set (disambiguation) — Television set can mean: * A device used to watch broadcasted television. * A Television studio * Set construction, theatrical scenery …   Wikipedia

  • Television and film in New Jersey — There is a long history of television and film in New Jersey. Motion picture technology was invented by Thomas Edison, with early work done at his West Orange laboratory. Edison s Black Maria where the first motion picture to be copyrighted in… …   Wikipedia