Depopulation


Depopulation

Depopulation is a term used to describe any great reduction in a human population. [ [http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/depopulation Depopulate] - Webter's Online Dictionary] It can be used to refer to longterm demographic trends, as in urban decay or rural depopulation, but it is also commonly employed to describe large reductions in population due to violence, disease, or other catastrophes. [ [http://www.yourdictionary.com/depopulate Depopulate] - yourdictionary.com.]

History is replete with examples of large scale depopulations. Many wars, for example, have been accompanied by significant depopulations. During the Age of Imperialism, Europeans migrating to new continents brought with them not only devastating new means of waging warfare and/or violent economic systems such as slavery, but also, often inadvertently, infectious diseases to which indigenous peoples had no resistance. These factors, particularly the latter, sometimes had a devastating impact on the indigenous inhabitants.

Some notable historical examples of large depopulation of entire continents include:

*The Black Death in Europe, Asia and the Middle East in the Middle Ages;
*Spanish flu
*The impact of the European slave trades on the continent of Africa
*The impact of European colonialism and accompanying introduced infectious diseases in the Americas and Australia.

Some examples of depopulation of large regions brought about mainly by warfare include:
*The Mongol Conquests of China, the Russian steppes and the Middle East;
*Tamurlane's military campaigns in the Middle and Near East;
*The Thirty Years War in Europe;

- and a great many others.

Famine has also frequently played a role in depopulation, whether as a result of war, climatic conditions, human incompetence and so on.

External Links

* [http://www.koteka.net/ International Action for West Papua]

Footnotes


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • dépopulation — [ depɔpylasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • v. 1361; lat. depopulatio ♦ Action de se dépeupler, par excédent des décès sur les naissances; état d un pays dépeuplé. ⇒ dépeuplement. ⊗ CONTR. Repopulation. ● dépopulation nom féminin Processus de diminution de la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Depopulation — De*pop u*la tion, n. [L. depopulatio pillaging: cf. F. d[ e]population depopulation.] The act of depopulating, or condition of being depopulated; destruction or explusion of inhabitants. [1913 Webster] The desolation and depopulation [of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dépopulation — DÉPOPULATION. s. f. État d un pays dépeuplé. La dépopulation d une Province …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Depopulation — (lat.), Entvölkerung …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • depopulation — early 15c.; see DE (Cf. de ) + POPULATION (Cf. population) …   Etymology dictionary

  • dépopulation — (dé po pu la sion ; en poésie, de six syllabes) s. f. L état d un pays dépeuplé, ou dont la population diminue. HISTORIQUE    XIVe s. •   Pour chascune de ces quatre causes peut venir deluge particulier ou depopulation, ORESME Thèse de MEUNIER..… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • DÉPOPULATION — n. f. état d’un pays dépeuplé. Rechercher les causes de la dépopulation d’un pays, d’une province. La dépopulation fait des progrès alarmants …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • DÉPOPULATION — s. f. L état d un pays dépeuplé. Rechercher les causes de la dépopulation d un pays, d une province …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • depopulation — In old English law, a species of waste by which the population of the kingdom was diminished. Depopulation of houses was a public offense …   Black's law dictionary

  • depopulation — In old English law, a species of waste by which the population of the kingdom was diminished. Depopulation of houses was a public offense …   Black's law dictionary