- Escanaba, Michigan
official_name = Escanaba, Michigan
website = http://www.escanaba.org/
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in the state of
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Delta
leader_name = Leo Evans
area_total_km2 = 42.8
area_land_km2 = 32.8
area_water_km2 = 10.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 13140
population_density_km2 = 400.7
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_ft = 607
latd = 45 |latm = 44 |lats = 43 |latNS = N
longd = 87 |longm = 3 |longs = 52 |longEW = W
area_total_sq_mi = 16.5
area_land_sq_mi = 12.7
area_water_sq_mi = 3.9
elevation_m = 183
postal_code = 49829
area_code = 906
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 26-26360GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1619865GR|3
Escanaba [es-ka-NAH-ba] is a city in the
U.S. stateof Michigan, located on the state's Upper Peninsula. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 13,140. It is the county seatof Delta County.GR|6
There is also Escanaba Township, which is north of the city and is not adjacent to it, although a portion of the urban area around the city extends into the township. Both are named for the
Escanaba Riverthat flows into the Little Bay de Nocof Lake Michiganjust north of the city at coord|45|46|37|N|87|03|30|W|.
The word "Escanaba" roughly translates from various regional native languages to "land of the red buck" while others maintain that it refers to "flat rock". Escanaba began as a port town in the mid 1800s, gaining importance to the Union as a shipping point for iron ore, lumber and copper during the Civil War. In his poem "
The Song of Hiawatha", Henry Wadsworth Longfellowdescribed how Hiawatha"crossed the rushing Esconaba" referring to the river. Located on Little Bay de Nocat the northern edge of Lake Michigan, Escanaba continues to serve as an important shipping point for iron ore to other Great Lakes ports, especially south to Chicagoand northern Indiana. The local paper mill, for many years Mead Corporation's Publishing Paper Division, is currently operated by NewPage Corporation; located on the outskirts of the city alongside the Escanaba River, it is now the areas largest employer.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 42.8 km²(16.5 mi²). 32.8 km² (12.7 mi²) of it is land and 10.0 km² (3.8 mi²) of it (23.32%) is water. Escanaba is home to one the safest natural harbors in the upper Great Lakes, which makes it a natural destination for boaters. Ludington Park, located along the lake shore, is one the of largest city parks in Michigan.
The city is served by
Delta County Airport, with flights daily to Minneapolis/St.Paul and Detroit via Northwest Airlink
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 13,140 people, 5,800 households, and 3,294 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 400.7/km² (1,038.3/mi²). There were 6,258 housing units at an average density of 190.9/km² (494.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.66% White, 0.11% African American, 2.61% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population.
There were 5,800 households out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.2% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.2% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 21.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,125, and the median income for a family was $36,995. Males had a median income of $32,310 versus $21,204 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $17,589. About 10.8% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.7% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.
Escanaba is located in Michigan Congressional District 1; its current Representative in Congress is
Bart Stupak(D), a former Michigan State Trooper.
Although politically a part of the state of Michigan, Escanaba and the western Upper Peninsula of Michigan have closer cultural ties to the state of
Wisconsin. Tourism has become significant for the local economy. Tourist draws include Lake Michiganbeaches and local fishing and hunting opportunities. Most visitors come from Wisconsin and Illinois. One interesting visit came in January 1968 when football legend Vince Lombardi's daughter was married in secret at St. Anne's Church. After finding out his then-unwed daughter was pregnant, Lombardi, who was vacationing in Florida at the time, had insisted she drive to Michigan to get married rather than doing it Green Bay, in order to keep the news out of the papers.cite book | last=Maraniss | first=David | title=WHEN PRIDE STILL MATTERED: A Life of Vince Lombardi | publisher=Simon & Shuster | date=1999-10-07 | isbn=0684844184 | pages=p. 430]
Escanaba is the home to the following cultural institutions and events: The William Bonifas Fine Arts Center, The Waterfront Art Festival, The Escanaba City Band, The Players de Noc, The Bay de Noc Choral Society and many smaller arts organizations, art galleries and musical performing groups.
Local radio stations include KMB Broadcasting's
WDBC680 AM ( adult standards) and WYKX104.7 FM ( country music), Lakes Radio's WCHT600 AM (news/talk), WGLQ97.1 FM ( adult top 40), WCMM102.5 FM (country), and WGKL105.5 FM ( oldies), and standalone WMXG106.3 FM ( classic hits). Escanaba is also served by low-power translator stations of WNMU translator W296AX from Marquette, MI (at 107.1 FM), WPFFtranslator W254AG from Sturgeon Bay, WI (at 98.7 FM), and WHWLtranslator W261AI from Marquette, MI (at 100.1 FM). WJMN-TV, the local television station on channel 3, is mostly a satellite of WFRVin Green Bay and carries CBS programming. WLUC-TV in Marquette also operates a translator station in Escanaba on channel 14.
Escanaba's major retail center is the Delta Plaza Mall, a small enclosed
shopping mallwhich features JCPenney, ShopKo, and Menardsas its anchor stores.
Confusion with Flat Rock (lower peninsula)
Since the name Escanaba may be derived from "Flat Rock" and another city in Michigan exists with such a name, errors on maps of Michigan are still common. [ [http://www.mapquest.com/maps/map.adp?formtype=address&country=US&pop
] ] [ [http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=ESCANABA,+MI&ie=UTF8&om=0&ll=45.833942,-87.18235&spn=0.033967,0.086346&z=13&iwloc=addr Flat Rock (Delta County) from Google Maps.] ] On most online maps the location of Flat Rock is on J Road between 20th and 21st. In addition, a school named "Flat Rock Elementary School" exists in both the Upper (Delta County) and Lower peninsula (Wayne County), [ [http://michigan.schooltree.org/Delta-County-Schools.html Delta County Schools] ] sometimes causing confusion in reporting of MEAP scores and other standardized test results.fact|date=November 2007
Escanaba was the location for both the story & filming of "
Escanaba in da Moonlight", a 2001 film starring Michigan resident Jeff Daniels.
In the film "M*A*S*H", Escanaba is one of the towns listed on the 4077th's famous signpost.
* [http://www.escanaba.org/ City of Escanaba]
* [http://www.dailypress.net "The Daily Press"]
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