Randolph Street (Chicago)


Randolph Street (Chicago)

Infobox_road
highway_name = Randolph Street
marker_

alternate_name = 150 North
length =
direction = East-West
starting_terminus = Lake Shore Drive Chicago
ending_terminus = 53rd Ave, Bellwood, Illinois
cities = Chicago
established =
system =
multiple image
align = left/right/center
direction = horizontal
header =
header_align = left/right/center
header_background =
footer = Westerd (left) and eastward (right) views from Daley Center
footer_align = left
footer_background =
width =


width1 = 150
caption1 =


width2 = 150
caption2 =


width3 =
caption3 =


width4 =
caption4 =


width5 =
caption5 =

Randolph Street is a street in Chicago, Illinois, USA. It runs east-west through the Chicago Loop, carrying westbound traffic west from Michigan Avenue across the Chicago River on the Randolph Street Bridge, interchanging with the Kennedy Expressway (I-90/I-94), and continuing west. It serves as the northern boundary of the Chicago Landmark Historic Michigan Boulevard District.

East of Michigan Avenue, Randolph Street is a two-way street taking traffic to Lake Shore Drive. Just east of Michigan, Randolph crosses over the Metra Electric/South Shore Line and splits into two levels, an upper level (via the outer lanes) and a middle level (via the inner lanes). The upper level carries local traffic to the Illinois Center, Aon Center and Prudential Plaza developments, and was built in conjunction with them; it also takes traffic to the new Lakeshore East development. Intersections with the upper level are provided with Stetson Avenue (which only heads north, and only intersects westbound Randolph) and Columbus Drive (which only heads north). The middle level, which takes traffic to Lake Shore Drive, intersects the middle level of Columbus. A lower level also exists between Stetson and Columbus, intersecting lower Columbus (and ramps to middle Columbus).

East of Columbus, Randolph continues as a triple-decker street. The lower level intersects with a short piece of Field Boulevard; at that point, the upper level narrows to lie only over the north side of the middle level. Field Boulevard was the original Lake Shore Drive, and crossed the upper level of Randolph (which was the only level at the time). Old Lake Shore Drive (Field Boulevard) south of Randolph is now the Cancer Survivors Plaza; north of Randolph it was a viaduct at the level of current Upper Randolph and has been demolished. A new Upper Field Boulevard was recently built as part of the Lakeshore East development; it ramps down to ground (lower) level.

After Field Boulevard, the narrowed upper level and service level continue east to the double-decker Harbor Drive, where they end. Harbor Drive provides access to several buildings and then itself dead ends. The middle level then continues east to an interchange with Lake Shore Drive and a dead end just beyond.

Metra's Millennium Station is located under Randolph Street.

History

Randolph Street was named for Randolph County, Illinois and was part of the original plot of Chicago in the 1830s.

Randolph originally ended at Michigan Avenue. In 1937, in conjunction with the building of Lake Shore Drive, a double-decker viaduct was built over the Illinois Central Railroad's rail yard, connecting Michigan to Lake Shore (which was where Field Boulevard is now). This viaduct still exists west of Columbus Drive as the upper level; it intersected LSD (Field) at the current upper level. The lower level of the viaduct was never used.

In 1963 the upper level was built east of Field to serve the new Outer Drive East building. Between 1970 and 1980, the viaduct was demolished east of Columbus; this probably happened after the extension of Wacker Drive to Lake Shore opened in December 1975. By 1988 the new Randolph had been completed, including a new upper level west of Columbus. East of Columbus, this level was built to slope down to the old upper level, which was orphaned by the move of Lake Shore Drive in 1986. The old viaduct was kept west of Columbus, and it slopes down to a middle level east towards the new Lake Shore Drive. Thus access was kept between this level and Lake Shore. The service level may have been added at this time or it may be older.

Buildings

Buildings on Randolph include the following: [http://www.google.com/search?q=+site:www.emporis.com+%22randolph+street%22+emporis&num=100&hl=en&lr=&safe=off&filter=0]
*City View Tower (720-726W)
*Randolph Place Lofts (~500W)
*Boeing World Headquarters (~400W)
*Franklin and Randolph Office Building (~300W)
*Randolph Tower (188W)
*Hotel Allegro (171W)
*Michael A. Bilandic Building (~150W)
*Chicago Title and Trust Building (~100W)
*James R. Thompson Center (100W)
*Richard J. Daley Center (55W)
*Oriental Theatre (32W)
*The Heritage at Millennium Park (~50E)
*Smurfit-Stone Building (~100E)
*Millennium Park Plaza (151 N. Michigan Ave.)
*One Prudential Plaza (130E)
*Two Prudential Plaza and Millennium Station (~150E)
*Aon Center (200E)
*McDonald's Cycle Center (239E)
*Blue Cross Blue Shield Tower (300E)
*Daley Bicentennial Plaza (337E)
*340 on the Park (340E)
*The Buckingham (360E)
*Outer Drive East (400E)
*Harbor Point (155 N Harbor Dr.)

ee also

*Multilevel streets in Chicago

References

* Aerial photos from 1938, 1970, 1980, and 1988.
* Data from the National Bridge Inventory.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Randolph Street Station — Van Buren Street Station Van Buren Street Michigan Avenue between Jackson Van Buren Streets Chicago, IL Localisation Pays Etats Unis Ville …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Division Street (Chicago) — Division Street redirects here. For other uses, see Division Street (disambiguation). Division Street 1200 North Location: Chicago East end: Lake Shore Drive (100 E) in Chicago West end: Thatcher Avenue (8000 W) in …   Wikipedia

  • Clark Street (Chicago) — Clark Street 100 West in the Loop North end: Howard Street (7600 N) South end: Cermak Road (2200 S) Clark Street is a north south street in Chicago, Illinois that runs close to the shore of Lake Michigan from the northern city boundary… …   Wikipedia

  • Oak Street (Chicago) — Oak Street 1000 North Location: Chicago From: 134 East To: 648 West Oak Street is a short street on Chicago s Gold Coast at 1000 North in Chicago s street numbering system, running from 138 east to 648 west …   Wikipedia

  • DeKoven Street (Chicago) — DeKoven Street 1120 South DeKoven Street is a street in Chicago, Illinois named for John DeKoven, one of the founders of the Northern Trust Company.[1] The Great Chicago Fire started at 137 DeKoven Street, now numbered 558 West DeKoven, in a barn …   Wikipedia

  • Lake Street (Chicago) — infobox road highway name=Lake Street marker alternate name=200 North (in the Chicago Loop) U.S. Route 20 General Ulysses S. Grant Highway length mi = 34.4 length round = 1 length ref = [http://maps.google.com Google Maps] estimate.]… …   Wikipedia

  • 95th Street (Chicago State University) (Metra) — Infobox Station name=95th Street Chicago State University type=Metra regional rail image size= image caption= address=95th Street Cottage Grove Avenue Chicago, IL coordinates= line=Rail color box|system=Metra|line=Metra Electric other=CTA Buses… …   Wikipedia

  • Randolph/Wabash — 151 N. Wabash Avenue Chicago, IL 60601 Localisation Pays Etats Unis Ville Chicago …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chicago 'L' — A Green Line train approaching Randolph/Wabash. Info Locale Chicago, Illinois, United States …   Wikipedia

  • Chicago River — River Chicago River main branch at dusk in January 2008 (viewed looking east from Wolf Point) …   Wikipedia