- Oakville AVA
Oakville AVA (wine region)
To-Kalon Vineyard, Robert Mondavi Winery.
Type American Viticultural Area Year established 1993 Country USA Part of Napa Valley AVA Other regions in Napa Valley AVA Atlas Peak AVA, Calistoga AVA, Chiles Valley AVA, Diamond Mountain District AVA, Howell Mountain AVA, Los Carneros AVA, Mt. Veeder AVA, Oak Knoll District of Napa Valley AVA, Rutherford AVA, Spring Mountain District AVA, St. Helena AVA, Stags Leap District AVA, Wild Horse Valley AVA, Yountville AVA Soil conditions well-drained gravel Total area 5,700 acres (23 km2) Size of planted vineyards 5,000 acres (20 km2) Grapes produced Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay
The Oakville AVA is an American Viticultural Area located within Napa Valley AVA and centered around the town of Oakville, California. The appellation extends over a flat expanse of well drained gravel soil between the Vaca and Mayacamas Mountains. Oakville AVA is known for its success with Bordeaux varietals, which have produced wines of rich texture, firm tannins and notes of mint and herbs.
Geography and climate
The soil of the Oakville AVA are the result of sedimentary deposits from the hills that form Napa Valley. The soil is gravelly and sandy, with exceptionally good drainage. The portion of the AVA between State Route 29 and the Silverado Trail are a mix of clay and well-drained sandy loam.  Oakville AVA has a warm climate well suited to wine grape production. Wind and fog arriving from San Pablo Bay can affect the morning and evening hours, but their effects are limited by the intervening Yountville Mounts. 
H. W. Crabb planted the first vineyard here in 1868, on 240 acres (97 ha) of land close to the Napa River that he named To Kalon, Greek for "most beautiful". By 1877, Crabb had planted 130 acres (53 ha) and was producing 50,000 gallons (189,250 liters) of wine per year. By 1880, his vineyard had increased to 430 acres (174 ha). The historical To Kalon Vineyard, part of which is owned by the Robert Mondavi Winery, and part of which is owned by Andy Beckstoffer, is still producing grapes today.
In 1903, the United States Department of Agriculture established an experimental vineyard station in Oakville. Known as "Oakville Station", the vineyard is operated by the University of California at Davis. Oakville AVA was officially declared a sub-appellation of Napa Valley in 1993.
There are over 30 wineries that are located within, or source their grapes from vineyards in, the Oakville AVA. Many are small, boutique wineries with limited production.
- ^ a b c Appellation America (2007). "Oakville (AVA): Appellation Description". Retrieved Oct. 29, 2007.
- ^ Calwineries (2007). "The World Famous Oakville AVA Bench". Oakville Terrain. Retrieved Oct. 29, 2007.
- ^ Calwineries (2007). "The Effect of Climate on Oakville Cabernet Sauvignon Production". Oakville Climate. Retrieved Oct. 29, 2007.
- ^ Calwineries (2007). "Oakville Wineries". Retrieved Oct. 29, 2007.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Oakville AVA — To Kalon Vineyard, Robert Mondavi Winery. Appellations Typ: American Viticultural Area Jahr der Gründung: 1993 Land: USA … Deutsch Wikipedia
Oakville, California — Oakville Census designated place To Kalon Vineyard, Robert Mondavi Winery, Oakville, California … Wikipedia
Oakville — may refer to: Australia Oakville, New South Wales, a suburb of Sydney, Australia Canada Oakville, Ontario, a town in Halton Region, Ontario Oakville GO Station, a station in the GO Transit network located in the community Oakville (electoral… … Wikipedia
Napa Valley AVA — (wine region) Napa Valley is most famous for its wine. Type American Viticultural Area … Wikipedia
Napa Valley (AVA) — Napa Valley Pour les articles homonymes, voir Napa. Vallée de Napa … Wikipédia en Français
Valle de Napa (AVA) — Napa Valley AVA Región vitivinícola de los Estados Unidos El Valle de Napa es famoso por sus vinos … Wikipedia Español
Napa Valley AVA — Das Napa Valley ist ein Touristenmagnet. Appellations Typ: American Viticultural Area Jahr der Gründung: 1981 Weinbautradition seit … Deutsch Wikipedia
North Coast AVA — (wine region) Vineyards in Sonoma County Type American Viticultural Area Year e … Wikipedia
North Coast AVA — Appellations Typ: American Viticultural Area Jahr der Gründung: 1983 Land: USA Teil der Weinbauregion: Kalifornien Subregionen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Costa Norte (AVA) — North Coast AVA Región vitivinícola de los Estados Unidos Viñedos en el Condado de Sonoma … Wikipedia Español