Marquis Who's Who

Marquis Who's Who
Marquis Who's Who
Marquis logo.png
Parent company News Communications
Founded 1899
Founder Albert Nelson Marquis
Country of origin United States
Headquarters location New Providence, New Jersey
Imprints National Register
Official website

Marquis Who's Who, a subsidiary of News Communications, Inc., is the American publisher of a number of directories containing short biographies. The books are usually titled Who's Who in... followed by some subject, such as Who's Who in America, Who's Who of American Women, Who's Who in the World, Who's Who in Science and Engineering, Who's Who in American Politics, etc. Marquis Who's Who books are often found in the reference section of local libraries, at corporate libraries, and are also used for research by universities.[citation needed] Subsidiary National Register Publishing publishes directories.

Who's Who in America, its flagship publication, is a registered trademark of News Communications, Inc. The New York Times referred to the 60th edition of Who's Who in America as "a librarian's Vanity Fair".[1]

Marquis states in the Preface that Who's Who in America, "endeavors to profile the leaders of American society; those men and women who are influencing their nation's development".[2]

Entries in Marquis Who's Who books list career and personal data for each biography, including birth date and place, names of parents and family members, education, writings and creative works, civic activities, awards, political affiliation, religion, and addresses.[3] The content is also now provided online to libraries and other paid subscribers.

Marquis requires no publication or processing fees from the persons selected as biographees.[4]



Founded in 1899 by Albert Nelson Marquis (pronounced /ˈmɑrkwɨs/), the first edition of the publication contained concise biographies of more than 8,500 "distinguished Americans." Albert Marquis wrote that the book's objective was to "chronicle the lives of individuals whose achievements and contributions to society make them subjects of widespread reference interest and inquiry. "[2]

Today, the company publishes over a dozen different series and offers an online database with information on 1.4 million individuals; Who's Who in America contains over 100,000 entries. In 2008, the company launched a second Web site (Who's Who in America) profiling the lives and careers of individuals who are claimed to be America's most noteworthy men and women.[5]

Originally independent, it was acquired by the conglomerate ITT. Macmillan bought ITT's publishing division in 1985. Reed Publishing bought Marquis and National Register from Macmillan in 1991. News Communications, Inc., which owns The Hill,[6] bought Marquis in 2003.


In 2007, referring to the International Biographical Centre, the American Bibliographical Institute and Marquis Who's Who, Jan Margosian, consumer information coordinator for the Oregon Department of Justice, warned consumers to be wary and called the companies "pretty tacky", adding "I don't know why they would put you in there if they weren't hoping to get you to buy the book.. "You truly have to look at how they are marketing and what the spin is. It's something you might want to watch out for."[7]

Tucker Carlson, in an article entitled "The Hall of Lame" that appeared in Forbes Magazine in 1999, wrote that the selection process is neither rigorous nor meaningful, and self nominators and thousands of people not particularly notable are included, such as bowling coaches and landscape architects. Carlson also writes that Marquis makes money selling addresses to direct mail marketers.[8]


General publications

  • Who's Who in America
  • Who's Who in the World
  • Who's Who of American Women
  • Who's Who in Medicine and Healthcare
  • Who's Who in Science and Engineering
  • Who's Who in Finance and Business
  • Who's Who in American Law
  • Who's Who in American Politics
  • Who's Who in American Art
  • Who's Who in American Education

In March 2008, Marquis launched an online gallery version of Who's Who in American Art, searchable by artist name and media.[6]

Regional publications

  • Who's Who in the South and Southwest
  • Who's Who in the East
  • Who's Who in the Midwest
  • Who's Who in the West
  • Who's Who in Asia

Historical series

  • Who Was Who in America
  • Who's Who in 20th Century America

Selection process

Marquis Who's Who states that selection of individuals for listing in its publications "is based on reference value. Individuals become eligible for listing by virtue of their positions and/or noteworthy achievements that have proved to be of significant value to society. An individual's desire to be listed is not sufficient reason for inclusion. Similarly, wealth or social position are not criteria. Purchase of the book is never a factor in the selection of biographees".[2]

Some insight into the selection process can be obtained from William L Hamilton's article entitled "Who Are You? Why Are You Here?" that appeared in the New York Times in 2005. He writes about new owners acquiring Marquis in 2003, "an editorial team of 70, including 12 researchers, make the call on who's notable and who's not," a book sales based business model. "A total of 25,000 copies have been sold for shipment for 2006."

Marquis calls its selection criteria "stringent" and says that biographical data on candidates for listing are reviewed by its editors to confirm that its requirements are met. Once selected, a biographical draft is sent to biographees for prepublication checking. In cases where notable individuals decline to submit biographical data, Marquis compiles information itself.[2]

See also

External links


  1. ^ Hamilton, William, L., "Who Are You? Why Are You Here?", The New York Times, November 13, 2005 Available online
  2. ^ a b c d Marquis Who's Who. Who's Who in America 1994. Chicago, Ill: Marquis Who's Who. pp. vi. ISBN 0-8379-0151-0. 
  3. ^ "Marquis Who's Who Bluesheet". Thomson Reuters. 2008-04-21. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  4. ^ FAQ, Marquis Who's Who
  5. ^ About us,
  6. ^ a b "Marquis Who's Who Launches Artists' Gallery Web Site (news release)". PR Newswire. 2008-03-19. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  7. ^ "Paying for prestige:the cost of recognition". Vanguard (Portland, Oregon). February 15, 2007. 
  8. ^ Tucker Carlson (March 8, 1999). "The Hall of Lame". Forbes Magazine. Retrieved 2007-10-17 

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