Gagarin's Start


Gagarin's Start

Infobox Launch Pad
name = Gagarin's Start


imsize=200
caption=Soyuz TMA-3 is launched from Gagarin's Start
site = Baikonur Cosmodrome
location =45.920278°N
63.342222°E
operator = Soviet space program, Russian Space Agency
tlaunches = TBC
inclination = 49° – 99°
pads = 1
pad1 = Gagarin's Start
short = LC-1/5
status = Active
launches =TBC
first = R-7, May 15 1957
last = Progress M-65, 10 September 2008
rockets = R-7
Vostok
Voskhod
Molniya
Soyuz(current)

Gagarin's Start ["As Suffredini spoke, a Soyuz TMA-5 spacecraft was being hoisted onto Russia's Baikonur launch pad, named "Gagarin's Start" after the first man in space. ", http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2004-10/13/content_381791.htm , China Daily, 2004-10-13 on Soyuz TMA-5 launch. ] ( _ru. «Гагаринский старт») is a launch site at Baikonur Cosmodrome, used for the Soviet space program and managed by the Russian Federal Space Agency since 1991. In the past it was referred to as Site No.1 ( _ru. «Площадка №1») and was named after Yuri Gagarin after his spacecraft was launched from there for the world's first human spaceflight. The site is also sometimes referred to as NIIP-5 LC1, Baikonur LC1 or GIK-5 LC1.

On March 17, 1954 the Council of Ministers of the USSR ordered several ministries to select until January 1 1955 a site for the proving ground to test R-7 rocket designed by NII-88. A special reconnaissance commission considered several possible geographic regions and selected Tyuratam. This selection was approved on February 12 1955 by the Council of Ministers of the USSR, the site should be completed until 1958. [http://www.russianspaceweb.com/baikonur_origin.html Origin of the test range in Tyuratam] at Russianspaceweb.com] Actual works on the construction of the Site No.1 began on July 20, 1955 by military building units. Every day and night more than 60 powerful trucks worked at the site, m3 to yd3|15000|precision=-2|abbr=no|wiki=yes were extracted and removed per day, with the total amount of work estimated to be m3 to yd3|750000|precision=-4|abbr=no. In the winter explosions were widely applied. By the end of October, 1956 all primary building and installation works for R-7 tests were completed. Installation and Testing Building ( _ru. Монтажно-испытательный корпус), named "Site No.2" was built and a special railway was completed from there to the Site No.1, where the launch pad for the rocket was located.ru icon [http://www.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/content/numbers/237/36.shtml Creation and Launch of the First Earth's Satellite] by V.Poroshkov] In April 1957 all remaining works were completed and the site was completely ready for launches.

It was first intended for the R-7 ballistic missile program, and on August 21 1957 the first ICBM was launched from there. Later, on October 4 1957 the site was used to launch the world's first Earth's artificial satellite Sputnik 1. Manned spaceflights launched from the site include Yuri Gagarin's flight, Valentina Tereshkova's flight, and numerous other human spaceflight missions, including all Soviet and Russian manned spaceflights to Mir. It was used to launch Luna program spacecraft, Mars probe program spacecraft, Venera program spacecraft, to launch many Cosmos satellites and others. [http://www.astronautix.com/sites/baiurlc1.htm Baikonur LC1 ] ] Between 1957 and 1966 the site hosted ready-to-launch strategic nuclear ICBMs staying a host for the spacecraft launches at the same time. By the 2000s there were more than 400 launches from the site. [ [http://www.russianspaceweb.com/baikonur_r7_1.html Gagarin's pad ] ]

Notes

See also

*R-7
*Vostok
*Voskhod
*Molniya
*Soyuz
*Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 31/6


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gagarin's Start — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Gagarin s Start La Soyuz TMA 3 despega desde el Gagarin s Start Cosmódromo Cosmódromo de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Juri Alexejewitsch Gagarin — Juri Gagarin Юрий Гагарин Sowjetischer Kosmonaut Der erste Mensch im Weltraum Land (Organisation) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Juri Gagarin — Land: UdSSR Datum der Auswahl: 7. März 1960 (1. Kosmonautengruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 1 Start erster Raumflug …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jurij Alekseevič Gagarin — Juri Gagarin Land: UdSSR Datum der Auswahl: 7. März 1960 (1. Kosmonautengruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 1 Start erster Raumflug …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jurij Gagarin — Juri Gagarin Land: UdSSR Datum der Auswahl: 7. März 1960 (1. Kosmonautengruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 1 Start erster Raumflug …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin — Juri Gagarin Land: UdSSR Datum der Auswahl: 7. März 1960 (1. Kosmonautengruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 1 Start erster Raumflug …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yuri Alexejewitsch Gagarin — Juri Gagarin Land: UdSSR Datum der Auswahl: 7. März 1960 (1. Kosmonautengruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 1 Start erster Raumflug …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yuri Gagarin — Juri Gagarin Land: UdSSR Datum der Auswahl: 7. März 1960 (1. Kosmonautengruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 1 Start erster Raumflug …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vostok 1 — Infobox Space mission mission name = Vostok 1 spacecraft name = Ласточка (Lastochka Swallow) shuttle = insignia = vostok1patch.png insignia size = 95px sign = Кедр (Kedr Siberian Pine) crew members = 1 launch pad = launch = April 12, 1961 06:07… …   Wikipedia

  • Baikonur Cosmodrome — The Baikonur Cosmodrome (Kazakh: Байқоңыр ғарыш айлағы, Bayqoñır ğarış aylağı ; Russian: Космодром Байконур, Kosmodrom Bajkonur ), also called Tjuratam, is the world s oldestFact|date=June 2008 and largest operational space launch facility. It is …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.