- Joseph D. Sayers
name = Joseph Draper Sayers
order = 22nd
office = Governor of Texas
term_start = 1899
term_end = 1903
Charles A. Culberson
September 23, 1841
May 15, 1929
party = Democratic
profession = politician, lawyer
portrait = in the Texas Capitol Building
Joseph Draper Sayers (
September 23, 1841ndash May 15, 1929) was Governor of Texas from 1899 to 1903. During Sayers's term, the Galveston Hurricane of 1900demolished that city.
Joseph Sayers was born
September 23, 1841in Grenada, Mississippito Dr. David Sayer and his wife Mary. His mother died in 1851, and soon after he moved to Texaswith his father and younger brother, William. [Hendrickson (1995), p. 137.] The family settled in Bastrop, where Sayers and his brother attended the Bastrop Military Institute.Hendrickson (1995), p. 138.]
When the Civil War broke out, Sayers joined the
Confederate States Army's 5th Texas Regiment, a cavalry unit led by General Tom Green. He participated in the Battle of Valverdein New Mexicoin February 1862, and was recommended for promotion for his bravery in capturing an artillery battery. Later that year he returned to Texas with his regiment before being sent to Louisiana, where he was wounded in the battle of Camp Bisland in April 1863. His actions during that conflict led to his promotion to major, and he became Green's chief–of–staff. Sayers was wounded again in April 1864 at the Battle of Mansfield. After Green died at the Battle of Blair's Landing, Sayers became the assistant adjutant to General Richard Taylor.
After the war ended, Sayers returned to Texas. He opened a school and simultaneously studied law. He was admitted to the bar and then formed a partnership with G. "Wash" Jones.
Sayers entered political service in 1873, when he became a state senator in the
13th Texas Legislature. In his term, he helped reverse most of the legislation that had been passed under the Radical Republicans. After his term ended in 1875, Sayers spent three years as chairman of the Texas State Democratic Executive Committee. He presided over the state Democratic convention in both 1876 and 1878. At the 1878 convention he was nominated to be lieutenant governorunder Oran M. Robertsand later won the election. Sayers and Roberts differed on one key point; Sayers believed that public lands should be saved for homesteaders and schools, not sold cheaply to speculators, as Roberts advocated.
In 1884, Sayers was elected to
U.S. Congress, where he served until 1898. That year, he ran for governor, winning the election and taking office in early 1899. During his term in office, labor unions were exempted from antitrust laws, and blacklists were outlawed. His term saw increased spending on education, prisons, and social service institutions and outlawed railroad rebates. He also spearheaded legislation that authorized the creation of school districts.Hendrickson (1995), p. 140.]
Sayers's term was notbale for the number of disasters that the state faced. The
Brazos Riverflooded in 1899, and the following year the Galveston Hurricane of 1900caused great devastation. Other parts of the state suffered from a severe drought, and boll weevils caused widespread cotton destruction. Millions of dollars in assistance came to the state, and Sayers administered the distribution of the funds "honestly and fairly."
After leaving office in 1903, Sayers focused manily on his law practice. He also took the time, however, to serve on the Board of Regents for the
University of Texas Systemas well as on the Industrial Accident Board, the State Board of Legal Advisors, and the pardon board.
May 15, 1929and is buried in Bastrop.
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