- Gold Reserve Act
United StatesGold Reserve Act of January 31, 1934required that all goldand gold certificates held by the Federal Reservebe surrendered and vested in the sole title of the United States Department of the Treasury.
Executive Order 6102the year before, it had already become a criminal offense for U.S. citizens to own or trade gold anywhere in the world, with an exception of some jewelry and collector's coins. Gold certificates were again allowed for private investors on April 24 1964, although the obligation to pay the certificate holder on demand in gold specie would not be honored. By 1975 Americans could again freely own and trade gold. The Act also changed the nominal price of gold from $20.67 per troy ounceto $35 per ounce.
The Gold Reserve Act authorized the
Exchange Stabilization Fundto use such assets as were not needed for exchange market stabilization to deal in government securities. It had no statutory authority, however, to engage in other activities that it began to undertake.
Executive Order 6102
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