Column of Constantine

Column of Constantine
The Column of Constantine in July 2010, north side

The Column of Constantine (or Burnt Column) (Turkish: Çemberlitaş sütunu, from çemberli 'hooped' and taş 'stone') is a Roman monumental column constructed on the orders of the Roman emperor Constantine the Great in 330 AD. It commemorates the declaration of Byzantium (renamed by Constantine as Nova Roma) as the new capital city of the Roman Empire. The column is located on Yeniçeriler Caddesi in central Istanbul, along the old Divan Yolu (the 'Road to the Imperial Council') between Sultanahmet and Beyazıt Square (known as Forum Tauri in the Roman period.)



The Column of Constantine in its original form, with the statue of Constantine as Apollo on top
The Column of Constantine in 1912

The column was dedicated on May 11, 330 AD, with a mix of Christian and pagan ceremonies.

In Constantine's day the column was at the center of the Forum of Constantine (today known as Çemberlitaş Square), an oval forum situated outside the city walls in the vicinity of what may have been the west gate of Antoninia. On its erection, the column was 50 meters tall, constructed of nine cylindrical porphyry blocks surmounted by a statue of Constantine in the figure of Apollo. The orb he carried was said to contain a fragment of the True Cross. At the foot of the column was a sanctuary which contained relics claimed to be from the crosses of the two thieves who were crucified with Jesus Christ at Calvary, the baskets from the loaves and fishes miracle, an alabaster ointment jar belonging to Mary Magdalene and presumably used by her for the washing of the feet of Jesus,[1] the palladium of ancient Rome and a wooden statue of Athena from Troy.

A strong gale in 1106 AD caused the statue and three of the upper cylinders of the column to fall. Some years later, Byzantine emperor Manuel I Komnenos (reigned 1143-1180) placed a cross on top, in the place of the original statue, and added a commemorative inscription that read "Faithful Manuel invigorated this holy work of art which has been damaged by time." Bronze wreaths once covered the joints between the drums, but these were taken by the Latin Crusaders who looted the city during the Fourth Crusade in 1204. The cross was removed by the Ottoman Turks after the fall of Constantinople in 1453.[2]

Earthquakes and a fire in 1779 destroyed the neighborhood surrounding the column, leaving it with black scorch marks and earning it the name 'Burnt Column'. The column was restored by Abdülhamid I, who had the present masonry base added.[3]. The base was strengthened in 1779. The original platform of the column is 2.5 meters below ground.


The Column of Constantine is one of the most important examples of Roman art in Istanbul. The column is 35 meters tall today. Restoration work has been going on since 1955. Cracks in the porphyry were filled and the metal brackets renewed in 1972. Since 1985, the monuments of the historic peninsula of Istanbul, including the column, have been listed as a World Heritage Site.

See also


  1. ^ Clarke, Howard: The Gospel of Matthew and its Readers. Indiana University Press, 2003. p.204.
  2. ^ "Çemberlitas (Burnt Column), Istanbul". Retrieved 2008-01-15. 
  3. ^ "Çemberlitas (Burnt Column), Istanbul". Retrieved 2008-01-15. 

External links

Media related to Column of Constantine I at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 41°00′31″N 28°58′16″E / 41.00861°N 28.97111°E / 41.00861; 28.97111

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Constantine I turn against Paganism — evolved during Constantine I s reign, and went from the initial prohibition on the construction of new temples[1] and the toleration of Pagan sacrifices,[2] to orders for the pillaging and the tearing down of pagan temples by the end of his reign …   Wikipedia

  • Column of Justinian — Reconstruction of the column, after Cornelius Gurlitt, 1912. The depiction of a helical narrative frieze around the column, after the fashion of Trajan s Column, is erroneous. The Column of Justinian was a Roman triumphal column erected in… …   Wikipedia

  • Column of the Goths — Coordinates: 41°0′52.2″N 28°59′7.6″E / 41.0145°N 28.985444°E / 41.0145; 28.985444 …   Wikipedia

  • Column of Marcian — The column in 2007. One of the faded IX monog …   Wikipedia

  • Column of Arcadius — Reconstruction of the column of Arcadius The column of Arcadius was a Roman triumphal column begun in 401 in the forum of Arcadius in Constantinople to commemorate Arcadius s triumph over the Goths under Gainas in 400. Arcadius died in 408, but… …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine Seferlis — Constantine L. Seferlis (1930 – 2005) is acknowledged as a master sculptor and stone carver whose works exemplified a group of public monumental artists in the United States during the second half of the 20th century. Many of these stone masters… …   Wikipedia

  • Column — For other uses, see Column (disambiguation). National Capitol Columns at the United States National Arboretum in Washington, D.C …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine I — Infobox Roman emperor title = Emperor of the Roman Empire name=Constantine I full name =Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus caption =Head of Constantine s colossal statue at the Capitoline Museums reign =25 July 306 ndash; 29 October 312… …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine the Great — This article is about Constantine as an Emperor. For Constantine as a Saint, see Constantine I and Christianity. Constantine I redirects here. For other uses, see Constantine I (disambiguation). Constantine I 57th Emperor of the Roman Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Forum of Constantine — The Forum of Constantine ( el. Φόρος Κωνσταντίνου) was built at the foundation of Constantinople immediately outside of the old city walls. It was circular in shape and had two monumental gates to the east and west. The Column of Constantine,… …   Wikipedia