- United States Eighth Fleet
The United States Eighth Fleet was a fleet of the U.S. Navy established 15 March 1943 from Northwest African Force. It operated in the Mediterranean Sea during World War II with a main mission of amphibious warfare, and then was active in 1946-47 as the heavy striking arm of the United States Atlantic Fleet.
In 1941 the forces that eventually evolved into the Eighth Fleet were designated Amphibious Forces, Atlantic Fleet, under the command of Admiral H. Kent Hewitt, who took command in April 1942. This force, also called Task Force 34, became the U.S. component of the Operation Torch landings in November 1942. The force was then renamed U.S. Naval Forces, Northwest Africa Waters or COMNAVNAW. Later the command was changed to NavMed with the commander being designated as ComNavMed.
Still under Hewitt's command, the renamed Eighth Fleet supported the landings in Sicily, Operation Husky, and at Salerno, Operation Avalanche, the first sustained land assault and invasion of the European mainland in World War II. Eighth Fleet then supported the August 1944 landing of Allied troops on the coast of southern France, Operation Dragoon, with heavy naval gunfire and naval air attacks. Hewitt remained as the fleet commander until 1945, when he moved on to chair a Pearl Harbor investigation.
With the reorganization of the Navy after World War II in December 1945, Eighth Fleet was reactivated on 1 March 1946 under the command of Admiral Marc A. Mitscher. Under the overall command of Commander, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, Eighth Fleet was the heavy striking arm of the Atlantic Fleet. It consisted of the preponderance of Atlantic Fleet aircraft carrier assets, initially including the new fast carriers Midway and Franklin D. Roosevelt, their escorts and support ships. These latter did not include the fast Battleship Division (Battleship Division Two?) made up of USS Wisconsin and Missouri, retained under direct command of Atlantic Fleet. In January 1947, the US Eighth Fleet was redesignated as the Second Task Fleet, a part of the Atlantic Fleet.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
United States Second Fleet — Second Fleet Active February 1950–30 September 2011 Country United States of Americ … Wikipedia
United States Sixth Fleet — Sixth Fleet US Sixth Fleet Logo Active 1946–Present Country … Wikipedia
United States Seventh Fleet — Seventh Fleet redirects here. For other uses, see Seventh Fleet (disambiguation). United States Seventh Fleet Seventh Fleet A … Wikipedia
United States Asiatic Fleet — Admiral Frank B. Upham and staff officers, ca. 1935 The United States Asiatic Fleet was part of the U.S. Navy. Preceding the World War II era, until 1942, the fleet protected the Philippines. Originally the Asiatic Squadron, it was upgraded to… … Wikipedia
United States European Command — Active 1 August 1952 – present Country United States … Wikipedia
United States Navy reserve fleets — Mothballed ships in Suisun Bay, California (2010) The United States Navy maintains a number of its ships as part of a reserve fleet, often called the Mothball Fleet . While the details of the activity have changed several times, the basics are… … Wikipedia
United States Naval Districts — The naval district is a military and administrative command ashore, established for the purpose of decentralizing the U.S. Navy Department s functions with respect to the control of the coastwise sea communications and the shore activities… … Wikipedia
United States naval districts — The naval district is a military and administrative command ashore, established for the purpose of decentralizing the U.S. Navy Department s functions with respect to the control of the coastwise sea communications and the shore activities… … Wikipedia
United States Air Forces in Europe — emblem Active 7 August 1945 Current … Wikipedia
United States Armed Forces — United States Joint Service Color Guard on parade at Fort Myer, Virginia. Service branches … Wikipedia