- Pakistani diaspora
Overseas Pakistanis Total population 7,000,000+ 
Approximately 4% of the Pakistani population.
Regions with significant populations United Kingdom 1,200,000 Saudi Arabia 1,200,000 United Arab Emirates 1,100,000 United States 700,000 Canada 300,000 Kuwait 100,000 Italy 100,000 Oman 85,000 Greece 80,000 France 60,000 Germany 53,668 Qatar 52,000 Spain 47,000 Bahrain 45,500 Netherlands 40,000 Denmark 21,152 Norway 30,161 Libya 30,000 Australia 20,000 Hong Kong 20,000 Belgium 14,500 Ireland 12,500 Japan 12,000 Iran 11,500 Turkey 10,000 Jordan 8,000 Portugal 6,000 Sweden 6,000 New Zealand 5,000 Austria 4,500 Ukraine 1612 Languages Religion
The Pakistani diaspora, or an overseas Pakistani is a Pakistani citizen who has migrated to another country or a person of Pakistani origin who is born outside Pakistan. There are approximately 7 million Pakistanis living abroad. Many overseas Pakistanis in Europe and North America have obtained citizenship of their country of residence.
- 1 Overseas Pakistani
- 2 Returning Overseas Pakistanis
- 3 Statistics
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The term Overseas Pakistani is officially recognized by the Government of Pakistan. The Overseas Pakistani Division (OPD) was created in September 2004 within the Ministry of Labour and Manpower. Over the past 6 years, it has recognized the importance of overseas Pakistanis and their contribution to the economy. Together with Community Welfare Attaches (CWAs) and the Overseas Pakistanis Foundation (OPF), all three are improving the welfare of overseas Pakistanis. The division aims at providing better services to the overseas Pakistanis through improved facilities at airports, setting up suitable schemes in housing, education and health care. Its largest effort is facilitating the rehabilitation of returning overseas Pakistanis.
Overseas Pakistanis Foundation
The Overseas Pakistanis Foundation (OPF) was established July 1979, with its head office at Islamabad and regional offices in all provincial capitals as well as Mirpur, and Azad Jammu and Kashmir. The objective of the OPF is to advance the welfare of the Pakistanis working or settled abroad and their families in Pakistan by identifying their problems and contributing to their solutions. These include health care, financial aid, foreign exchange remittance and education.
OPF Public Schools
The Overseas Pakistanis Foundation operates more than 150 prestigious school systems in 43 cities across Pakistan. It offers preschool, primary education, secondary education and preparation for local SSC and the international GCE. Most of its students opt to take the international GCE O and AS/A Level examinations organized by the CIE of UCLES. It also has established international projects in UAE, Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom. The head office of OPF Public School is located in Islamabad, administering the system through four main regional offices: Southern Regional Office (SRO), which caters to Sindh (only Karachi) and Balochistan; Central Regional Office (CRO) Lahore, which oversees 80% of Southern Punjab; Northern Regional Office (NRO), which looks after the rest of Northern Pakistan; and Mehran Regional Office (MRO), which caters to interior Sindh (Sukkur, Larkana and Hyderabad. OPF School system, in collaboration with various other national institutions, formed The City APIIT. Established in 1978, the school's courses are modeled on those of British schools
OPF Public School has branches in many cities of Pakistan which include Abbotabad, Attock, Bahawalpur, Bannu, Burewala, Chakwal, Dera Ghazi Khan, Dera Ismail Khan, Faisalabad, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Hyderabad, Islamabad, Jamshoro, Jhelum, Jhang, Karachi, Kasur, Khairpur, Khanewal, Kharian, Kohat, Kot Addu, Lahore, Larkana, Mardan, Mianwali, Mirpur, Mirpurkhas, Multan, Muzaffarabad, Nawabshah, Nowshera, Okara, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Rahim Yar Khan, Sahiwal, Sargodha, Sialkot, Sukkur, Swat, Thatta and Vehari. The OPF branch in Islamabad is designed by architecture of America and it is one of the most beautiful college and hostel buildings in Islamabad.
Foreign Community Welfare Attaches
Community Welfare Attaches (CWA's) are located in 18 cities around the world. There primarily function is to establish and maintain close contacts with the foreign firms who are in need of manpower for their ventures in different countries, and to aid in the welfare of overseas Pakistanis. CWA's are currently located in:
- Abu Dhabi, UAE
- Sharjah, UAE
- Doha, Qatar
- Dubai, UAE
- Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
- Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
- Kuwait City, Kuwait
- London, England
- Manchester, England
- Milan, Italy
- Muscat, Oman
- Oslo, Norway
- Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
- Tripoli, Libya
- Seoul, South Korea
- Manama, Bahrain
National Identity Card for Overseas Pakistanis (NICOP)
The National Identity Card for Overseas Pakistanis, also called NICOP, was conceived by NADRA as a project by mutual resolve of the Overseas Pakistanis Foundation (OPF), the Ministry of Labour & Manpower, and the Interior Ministry. The scheme calls for the creation of a comprehensive database of Pakistanis who either work abroad or hold a dual nationality. The NADRA Ordinance envisages issuance of NICOPs to Pakistani workers, emigrants, citizens, or Pakistanis holding dual nationality, having been registered under the NADRA Ordinance. The ordinance entrusts NADRA with the task of registering the overseas Pakistanis. NICOP, in addition to providing the authenticity of the individual, allows the NICOP holder to visa-free entry to Pakistan.
Pakistan Origin Card (POC)
Like the NICOP, the Pakistan Origin Card (POC) is issued by NADRA to eligible overseas Pakistanis. However, the major difference between the two is that a POC is only issued to people of Pakistani origin, i.e., those who are citizens of other countries but have some Pakistani background including former nationals. It cannot be issued to those with dual nationalities, with one being Pakistani, as the NICOP is meant for those individuals.
"Little Pakistan" is a general name for an ethnic enclave populated primarily by Pakistanis or people of Pakistani ancestry (overseas Pakistani), usually in an urban neighborhood.
Returning Overseas Pakistanis
Millions of Pakistanis immigrated to various countries abroad during the 1970s and 1980s. Unlike European immigrants who settled permanently in the new world, Pakistanis who immigrated abroad considered themselves to be sojourners, who left to earn money abroad but not to settle, or were students who intended to return to Pakistan when their degree programs were completed.
- From the Middle East
Since the inception of Pakistan in 1947, there has been a large population of Pakistanis in the Middle East, mainly in Saudi Arabia. However, since the 1990s, many of them have opted for countries like the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Kuwait. Pakistanis who immigrated to these countries or who were born in these countries tended to stay close to Pakistani culture. Many "International Pakistan Schools" were opened to cater for the large population and for them to study under the same boards as Pakistani students at home. As a result, those returning to Pakistan from the Middle East have found it much easier to adjust. Pakistanis from the Middle East can be found throughout the country today and these people are usually fluent in Arabic, Urdu, English and their regional language. They are most likely involved in trading, media, telecommunications and banking.
- From Europe
Since the 1990s, a large number of Pakistanis who settled in Europe have been returning to Pakistan. These Pakistanis tended to be less educated and in many cases had to apply for multiple jobs in order to help their children attain a decent education, which they could not provide for them in Pakistan. Those who were born in Europe have also maintained close links to Pakistani culture. However, there are some instances of children not learning Urdu while growing up or being accustomed to Pakistani culture. As a result, those who return from Europe do experience "culture shocks". Those returning from Norway can be mostly found in Kharian in the Punjab province, whereas those from northern England can be found in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (mainly Mirpur) and upper Punjab (Rawalpindi).
- From America
Very small numbers of Pakistanis from Canada and the United States have historically returned to Pakistan. Although they frequently visit Pakistan during the summer and winter vacations, permanent settlement had not been popular amongst them until 2001. Since the September 11 terrorist attacks and the recent Financial crisis of 2007–2010, a large number of Pakistani Americans and Pakistani Canadians have begun to return. The population of returning expatriates from the Americas, who tend to have excellent credentials, has increased significantly due to new job opportunities in Pakistan. Many from North America are found in the major cities of Pakistan, mainly Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore and Peshawar. Large populations can also be found in smaller cities and towns, such as Sialkot. Those returning from North America have tended to find jobs easier in Pakistan and are involved in a wide scope of fields, primarily healthcare, engineering, law, banking, information technology, mass media and industry.
Continent / Country Articles Overseas Pakistani Population Asia 74,391 Hong Kong Pakistanis in Hong Kong 20,000[dead link] Japan Pakistanis in Japan 12,500 Malaysia Pakistanis in Malaysia 10,000, expected to increase to 100,000 by end of 2010 South Korea Pakistanis in South Korea 7,000 Thailand Pakistanis in Thailand 1,980 Singapore Pakistanis in Singapore 1,600 Philippines 1,000 China Pakistanis in China 653 Kazakhstan 500 Brunei Pakistanis in Brunei 300-500 Indonesia Pakistanis in Indonesia 400 Sri Lanka Pakistanis in Sri Lanka 369 Kyrgyzstan Pakistanis in Kyrgyzstan 1500[dead link] Bangladesh Pakistanis in Bangladesh 310 Turkmenistan 243 Azerbaijan 200 Maldives 100 Uzbekistan 75 Myanmar 51 Nepal 46 Tajikistan 30 Vietnam 25 Mongolia 15 Europe 2,200,000 United Kingdom British Pakistanis,
Pakistanis in London
England: 1,100,000 (2010)
Scotland: 90,000 (2010)
Wales: 9,000 (2010)
Northern Ireland: 1000 (2010)
Italy Pakistanis in Italy 100,000 Greece Pakistanis in Greece 80,000 France Pakistanis in France 60,000 Spain Pakistanis in Spain 47,000 Netherlands Pakistanis in the Netherlands 40,000 Norway Pakistani Norwegians 36,400 Germany Pakistanis in Germany 35,081-52,668(2005) Denmark Pakistanis in Denmark 31,000 Belgium Pakistanis in Belgium 14,500 Turkey Pakistanis in Turkey 2,000 Ireland Pakistanis in Ireland 5,000 Portugal 6,000 Sweden Pakistani Swedish 5,250 Austria Pakistanis in Austria 3,500 Switzerland Pakistanis in Switzerland 2,415 Ukraine Pakistanis in Ukraine 1,612 Russia Pakistanis in Russia 1,500 Cyprus 1,100 Romania 710 Finland 525 Poland 180 Hungary 45 Bosnia and Herzegovina 16 Bulgaria 16 Moldova 10 Serbia 2 Croatia 1 Others 1620 Americas 851,385 United States Pakistani American 210,245 Canada Pakistani Canadian 90,000 - 124,730 Cuba Pakistanis in the Caribbean 1000 Peru 250 Chile 200 Brazil 180 Mexico 150 Bolivia 50 Argentina 30 Paraguay 12 Colombia 10 Suriname 3 Africa 37,964 Libya Pakistanis in Libya 30,000 South Africa Pakistanis in South Africa 2,500 Kenya 1,862 Tanzania 950 Egypt Pakistanis in Egypt 700 (2011) Zimbabwe 400 Nigeria 292 Sudan 200 Botswana 160 Ghana 152 Niger 62 Mauritius 43 Morocco 38 Algeria 34 Djibouti 30 Senegal 26 Comoros 11 Madagascar 11 Seychelles 5 Others 773 Oceania 25,000 Australia Pakistani Australian 20,000 New Zealand Pakistani New Zealander 5,000 Middle East Pakistanis in the Middle East 1,893,373 Saudi Arabia Pakistanis in Saudi Arabia 1,100,000 United Arab Emirates Pakistanis in the United Arab Emirates 1,200,000 Kuwait Pakistanis in Kuwait 100,000 Oman Pakistanis in Oman 85,000 Qatar Pakistanis in Qatar 52,000 Bahrain Pakistanis in Bahrain 45,000 Iran Pakistanis in Iran 11,500 Jordan Pakistanis in Jordan 8,000-10,000 Israel Pakistanis in Israel 1,000 Lebanon Pakistanis in Lebanon 700 Yemen Pakistanis in Yemen 700 Syria Pakistanis in Syria 600-700 Iraq Pakistanis in Iraq 456 Palestine 10 Others 500 Total Overseas Pakistani Population 7,000,000+
Diasporas of Pakistani ethnic groups
- Baloch diaspora
- Kashmiri diaspora
- Hazara diaspora
- Pashtun diaspora
- Punjabi diaspora
- Sindhi diaspora
- Demographics of Pakistan
- Pakistani students abroad
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "The Pakistani Diaspora in Europe and Its Impact on Democracy Building in Pakistan" Paper at Idea
- ^ a b "Pride and the Pakistani Diaspora" by Ali Eteraz Saturday, 14 Feb, 2009, Dawn.com 
- ^ OPF Official Website
- ^ Government of Pakistan, Bureau of Emigration & Overseas Employment
- ^ POC NADRA Retrieved 23 January 2010
- ^ NICOP Pakistan High Commission, UK Retrieved 23 January 2010
- ^ "Returning Pakistanis praise new lives". BBC News. 2008-07-06. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/7490555.stm. Retrieved 2010-05-21.
- ^ 
- ^ Year Book, 2004–2005, Islamabad: Ministry of Labour, Manpower, and Overseas Pakistanis, http://www.opf.org.pk/download/anual/YEARBK.pdf, retrieved 2009-09-19
- ^ "100,000 Pakistani labourers expected to work in Malaysia by end 2010", August 27 Thaindian.com 
- ^ Pakistan navy men visit BT
- ^ 
- ^ Census's
- ^ Pakistanis in England in 2007
- ^ Pakistanis in Scotland
- ^ Pakistanis in Wales
- ^ Pakistanis in Northern Ireland
- ^ Immigration and immigrants
- ^ DW-WORLD.DE - southasia.de
- ^ Yearbook 2004-2005, Ministry of Labour, Manpower & Overseas Pakistanis
- ^ Goli, Marco; Rezaei (March 2005), Active Civic Participation of Immigrants in Denmark, Building Europe with New Citizens? An Inquiry into the Civic Participation of Naturalised Citizens and Foreign Residents in 25 Countries, European Commission, http://www.uni-oldenburg.de/politis-europe/download/Denmark.pdf, retrieved 2008-11-19
- ^ US demographic census, http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/IPTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=01000US&-qr_name=ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201&-qr_name=ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201PR&-qr_name=ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201T&-qr_name=ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201TPR&-ds_name=ACS_2005_EST_G00_&-reg=ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201:045;ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201PR:045;ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201T:045;ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201TPR:045&-_lang=en&-redoLog=false&-format=, retrieved 2006-11-19
- ^ [Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada - http://www.asiapacific.ca/data/people/demographics_dataset1_bycity.cfm Population by Ethnic Origin]
- ^ "THE PLIGHT OF PAKISTANI MEDICAL STUDENTS IN CUBA" September 17, 2009, Overseas Pakistani Friends
- ^ Egypt: India and Pakistan move to help nationals, BBC News South Asia, 31/Jan/2011
- ^ Pakistan nationals in Egypt are safe: Basit, OneIndia News, January 30, 2011
- ^ "Pakistan country brief" Australian Government web site
- ^ "Pakistan: Living On Borrowed Time" 29 December 2007, Scoop News
- ^ a b Middle East uprising: Pakistanis safe in Syria, Jordan despite revolt, officials say, By Saba Imtiaz, Express Tribune, Published: March 29, 2011
- ^ "INTERVIEWS OF AMBASSADOR" Embassy of Pakistan in Lebanon web site
- National Database and Registration Authority
- An outline of the immigration pattern of the Pakistani community in Britain
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Affairs Division
- Pakistan Citizenship Law
- Census Profile: New York City’s Pakistani American Population
- Pakistani Americans www.aopp.org
- Pakistan Cultural Association -Australia
- An article on Pakistani Diaspora in Europe
Overseas Asians and Asian diasporas By originEast AsiansSouth AsiansSoutheast Asians By residence Pakistani diaspora AfricaEgypt · Libya · South Africa AsiaBahrain · Iran · Iraq · Israel · Jordan · Kuwait · Lebanon · Oman · Qatar · Saudi Arabia · United Arab Emirates · YemenElsewhereAfghanistan · Bangladesh · Brunei · China (Hong Kong) · Indonesia · Japan · Kyrgyzstan · Malaysia · Singapore · South Korea · Sri Lanka · Thailand EuropeAustria · Denmark · France · Germany · Greece · Ireland · Italy · Netherlands · Norway · Russia · Spain · Sweden · Switzerland · Turkey · Ukraine · United Kingdom (London) Americas Oceania See alsoAnti-Pakistan sentiment · Pakistani nationality law · Demographics of Pakistan · Desi · Foreign relations of Pakistan · Little Pakistan · Baloch diaspora · Hazara diaspora · Kashmiri diaspora · Pashtun diaspora · Punjabi diaspora · Sindhi diaspora · Immigration to Pakistan · Pakistani students abroad · Romani people · Visa requirements for Pakistani citizens · Pakistani passport
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