- 2nd Army (Germany)
The 2nd Army (German: "2. Armee Oberkommando") was a
World War Iand World War IIfield army.
First World War
The 2nd Army during
World War I, fought on the Western Frontand took part in the Schlieffen Planoffensive against Franceand Belgiumin August 1914. Commanded by General Karl von Bülow, the 2nd Army's mission was to support the 1st Army (Germany)'s sweep around the left flank of the French Armyand encircle Paris, bringing a rapid conclusion to the war. The 2nd Army laid siege to, and took the Belgian fortresses around Namur, and fought General Charles Lanrezac's French 5th Army at the Battle of Charleroion August 23-24, 1914 and again at St. Quentin on August 29-30, 1914.
A large propotion of the Army would be wiped out during the join Anglo-French offensive on the Somme.
Karl von Bülow(1914–March 1915)
Georg von der Marwitz(December 1916-September 1918)
econd World War
The 2nd Army was activated on
October 20, 1939with General Maximilian Reichsfreiherr von Weichs in command. First seeing service in France, the army was involved in the invasion of the Balkans, before offensive operations in the Ukraineas part of Operation Barbarossa.
In 1945 the army was pivotal in the defence of East and West Prussia before finally surrendering on
9 May 1945. [Beevor, Antony. "Berlin: The Downfall 1945", Penguin Books, 2002, ISBN 0-670-88695-5, pp.26,49,50,88,90,115-116,119,402]
* General Maximilian Reichsfreiherr von Weichs (
October 20 1939- July 13 1942)
Hans von Salmuth( July 14 1942- February 3 1943)
Walter Weiss( February 4 1943- March 9 1945)
Dietrich von Saucken( March 10 1945- May 9, 1945)
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