2nd Army (Germany)


2nd Army (Germany)

The 2nd Army (German: "2. Armee Oberkommando") was a World War I and World War II field army.

First World War

The 2nd Army during World War I, fought on the Western Front and took part in the Schlieffen Plan offensive against France and Belgium in August 1914. Commanded by General Karl von Bülow, the 2nd Army's mission was to support the 1st Army (Germany)'s sweep around the left flank of the French Army and encircle Paris, bringing a rapid conclusion to the war. The 2nd Army laid siege to, and took the Belgian fortresses around Namur, and fought General Charles Lanrezac's French 5th Army at the Battle of Charleroi on August 23-24, 1914 and again at St. Quentin on August 29-30, 1914.

A large propotion of the Army would be wiped out during the join Anglo-French offensive on the Somme.

Commanders

* General Karl von Bülow (1914–March 1915)
* General Georg von der Marwitz (December 1916-September 1918)

econd World War

The 2nd Army was activated on October 20, 1939 with General Maximilian Reichsfreiherr von Weichs in command. First seeing service in France, the army was involved in the invasion of the Balkans, before offensive operations in the Ukraine as part of Operation Barbarossa.

In 1945 the army was pivotal in the defence of East and West Prussia before finally surrendering on 9 May 1945. [Beevor, Antony. "Berlin: The Downfall 1945", Penguin Books, 2002, ISBN 0-670-88695-5, pp.26,49,50,88,90,115-116,119,402]

Commanders

* General Maximilian Reichsfreiherr von Weichs (October 20 1939 - July 13 1942)
* General Hans von Salmuth (July 14 1942 - February 3 1943)
* General Walter Weiss (February 4 1943 - March 9 1945)
* General Dietrich von Saucken (March 10 1945 - May 9, 1945)

Footnotes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 2nd Panzer Army (Germany) — The 2nd Panzer Army ( de. 2.Panzerarmee) was a German tank army that was a large armoured formation within the Wehrmacht Heer field forces during World War II. FormationIt origins were in the Panzer Group Guderian ( Panzergruppe Guderian ), named …   Wikipedia

  • 8th Army (Germany) — The 8th Army (German: 8. Armee Oberkommando ) was a World War I and World War II field army.World War IAt the outbreak of World War I, the 8. Armee was stationed in East Prussia to defend against the expected Russian Attack, Plan XIX. After the… …   Wikipedia

  • 17th Army (Germany) — The German Seventeenth Army (German: 17. Armee ) was a World War II field army.Commanding Officers* General der Infanterie Karl Heinrich von Stülpnagel (20 December 1940–4 October 1941) * Generaloberst Hermann Hoth (5 October 1941–19 April 1942)… …   Wikipedia

  • 15th Army (Germany) — The 15th Army (German: 15. Armee ) was a World War II field army.The 15th Army was activated on January 15, 1941 with General Curt Haase in command. First seeing service in France, the army was involved in the protection of the Channel coast from …   Wikipedia

  • 9th Army (Germany) — 9. Armee 9th Army Active Country  Nazi Germany …   Wikipedia

  • 11th Army (Germany) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=11th Army caption= dates=5 October 1940 21 November 1942 26 November 1944 21 April 1945 country=Germany allegiance= branch=Heer type=Field Army role= size= command structure= current commander= garrison= ceremonial …   Wikipedia

  • 19th Army (Germany) — 19th Army (19. Armee) Active 26 August 1943 21 April 1945 Country Germany Branch Heer (1935 1945) Type Field Army …   Wikipedia

  • 16th Army (Germany) — The 16th Army (German: 16. Armee ) was a World War II field army.It took part in the Battle of France. Later it was deployed with Army Group North during Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union. It fought its way into… …   Wikipedia

  • 3rd Panzer Army (Germany) — The 3rd Panzer Army ( de. 3.Panzerarmee) was a German army that saw action during World War II.The 3rd Panzer Army was a constituent of Army Group Centre and fought in the Battle of Moscow in late 1941 and early 1942. During the Soviet counter… …   Wikipedia

  • 1st Parachute Army (Germany) — The German 1st Parachute Army was formed in September 1944 to consolidate the various Luftwaffe Fallschirmjäger Units and the Luftwaffe Field Division. It was tasked to defend the a 60 mile stretch of the Low Countries between Antwerp and… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.